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Organic projects in Estonian Crop Research Institute (ECRI) . Ilmar Tamm Ülle Tamm Anne Ingver. 15.04.2014. COBRA. ERA–NET CORE ORGANIC : C oordinating O rganic plant Br eeding A ctivities for diversity ERA-NET - Networking the European Research Area Duration : 2013-2017. COBRA.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

OrganicprojectsinEstonianCropResearchInstitute (ECRI)

Ilmar Tamm

Ülle Tamm

Anne Ingver

15.04.2014

slide2

COBRA

ERA–NET CORE ORGANIC:

CoordinatingOrganicplantBreedingActivitiesfordiversity

ERA-NET -Networking the European Research Area

Duration: 2013-2017

slide3

COBRA

Projectbrings together over 40 partner organizations from 18 European countries:

UK, Turkey, Denmark, Italy, Austria, Norway, Luxemburg, Slovenia, Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden, theNetherlands, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Hungary, Switzerland

slide4

COBRA

Aims:

COBRA aims to support and develop organic plant breeding and seed production in Europe with a focus on increasing the use and potential of plant material with High genetic Diversity (Hi-D), such as Composite Cross Populations (CCPs)

slide5

COBRA

Specific objectives:

(1) To improve methods to ensure seed quality and health (developthetestingofgermination and diseases on NIRS eqipment);

(2) to determine the potential to increase resilience, adaptability, and overall performance in organic systems by using crop diversity at various levels;

slide6

COBRA

Specific objectives:

(3) to improve breeding efficiency and to develop novel breeding methods to enhance and maintain crop diversity (selectionforqualitybased on singleseeds; Marker Assistent Selectionetc).

slide7

COBRA

Specific objectives:

(4) to identify and remove structural barriers to organic plant breeding and seed production (embeddingthe CCPs totheproductionchain; fundingoforganicbreedingthroughcooperationtotheproductionchain, regulatoryframeworkoforganicseedsystems)

(5) to improve networking and dissemination in organic plant breeding.

slide8

COBRA

Cropsincluded:

wheat

barley

pea

fababean

slide9

COBRA

Roleof ECRI:

triallingselectedentriesofspring and winterwheat and springbarleywithfocus on:

a) diseaseresistance

b) weedsuppressionability

c) foodquality

slide10

COBRA

  • Trials (ECRI):
  • Wheat:yield, quality, weedsuppressionability (earlyqrowthvigour, allelopathicability); CCPs and varietymixtures
  • Barley:diseaseresistance (loose smut, leafstripe), increasinggeneticdiversity (differentbarleytypes :2 ja 6-row, hulless, awnless, darkcoloured), yield, quality
slide23

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

(EU 7. frameworkproject)

Project Title: An integrated approach to diversify the genetic base, improve stress resistance, agronomic management and nutritional/processing quality of minor cereal crops for human nutrition in Europe

slide24

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

(EU 7. framework)

Duration: sept 2013–aug 2018

Participants: 16 partnersfrom 10 countries

Austria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom

slide25

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

General aim:

to enhance the exploitation of five of the so-called 'minor cereal' species:

oat

rye

spelt

einkorn

emmer

slide26

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

  • Researchtopics:
  • Breeding (foodquality, biotic (diseases) and abiotic (drought) stresses, yieldetc)
  • Agro- technology(fertilisation, varietymixtures, weedcontrol)
  • Improvingprocessingtechnologies, developmentnewproducts
slide27

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

  • Researchtopics:
  • Assessingnutritionalcontentofminorcereals
  • Enhancethe market prominenceforminorcereals
slide28

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

  • Roleof ECRI:
  • Breeding: multiplicatin and phenotypingwide range ofgenotypes, crossings
  • Bioticstresses: testingofdiseaseresistanceofrye and oatinfield and labconditions
slide29

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

  • Roleof ECRI:
  • Fertilisationtrial:
  • Crops:rye, oat (4 varietiespercrop)
  • Fertilisertypes: compost, farm manue, biogasdigestate, mineralfertiliser
  • Fertiliserrates: N0, N50, N100
slide30

Healthyminorcereals (HMC)

  • Roleof ECRI:
  • Testing of varietymixtures
  • Farm trials (includingorganicfarms)
slide31

Thankyou!

  • Ilmar.tamm@etki.ee