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HazWOpER Refresher

HazWOpER Refresher

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HazWOpER Refresher

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  1. HazWOpER Refresher Dusting Off the Cobwebs, and Restoring Function to the Grey Matter, Since “The Valley of the Drums” and Creation of the HazWOpER Standard!

  2. Oh, No – another “learning Experience!”

  3. Housekeeping • Emergencies • Phones • Facility Layout • Breaks • Meals • Participation • Rules

  4. Pre-Test To get our collective juices flowing (It’s for your Own Good!)

  5. Hazard Control:Before We Begin - Fundamentals Certain truths must be revealed & discussed before considering work on/near a hazwoper site

  6. Hazard Control:Before We Begin - Fundamentals Philosophical 1) Work Shouldn’t Hurt! 2) Accidents Don’t Happen! 3) Everyone is Responsible!

  7. Hazard Control:Before We Begin - Fundamentals What Takes Us “Out of the Game? • Falls • Electrical Contact • Struck-By • Caught In or Between

  8. Hazard Control:Before We Begin - Fundamentals Critical Control Apply the 7 Ps: Proper Prior Planning Prevents Pitifully Poor Performance

  9. Hazard Control:Before We Begin - Fundamentals Regulatory • General Duty Clause • General Training Standard • Topic-Specific Training

  10. HazWOpER Qualification Tiers

  11. First Responder Awareness Level • First Responders (Awareness Level): workers likely to witness/discover hazardous substance release AND who trained to initiate emergency response sequence by notifying proper authorities of the release • They take no further action beyond notifying the authorities of the release

  12. First Responder Awareness Level • ~8 hours of training • Similar to OSHA Hazcom (1910.1200) • First Responders (Awareness Level) shall have sufficient training OR have had sufficient experience to objectively demonstrate competency

  13. First Responder Operations Level • First Responders (Operations Level) are workers who respond to releases/potential releases of hazardous substances as part of initial response to the site for purpose of protecting nearby persons, environment, property from effects of the release

  14. First Responder Operations Level • Trained to respond in defensive fashion without actually trying to stop the release • Function: contain release from a safe distance, keep it from spreading, and to prevent exposures

  15. First Responder Operations Level • First Responders (Operational level) shall receive ≥8 hours of training OR have sufficient experience to objectively demonstrate competency • Courses are 16-24 hours with 24 being common

  16. Hazmat Technician Level • Hazmat Technicians respond to releases/potential releases to stop the release • They assume a more aggressive role than Operations, approaching the point of release to plug, patch or otherwise stop the release

  17. Hazmat Technician Level • Technicians receive minimum 24 hours training equal to Operations level AND have competency in assigned tasks for each incident

  18. Hazmat Specialist Level • Hazmat Specialists respond with and provide support to Hazmat Technicians

  19. Hazmat Specialist Level • Duties parallel Hazmat Technician • but require more directed or specific knowledge of various substances upon which they they may encounter

  20. Hazmat Specialist Level • Act as Site Liaison with Federal, State, Local, other government authorities regarding site activities • Receive at least 24 hours of Technician-level training

  21. Incident Command Level • Incident Commanders assume control of the incident scene beyond the First Responder Awareness Level • and shall receive at least 24 hours of training equal to the First Responder Operations Level. • They also need competency in Incident Command systems & requirements

  22. Hazard Control:INTRODUCTION Hazardous waste sites & environments pose S&H concerns which could result in serious injury/death

  23. Hazard Control:INTRODUCTION Additional hazards created by • Heavy equipment • PPE reducing movement, hearing & vision • Unpredictability of the site • Other employers

  24. Safety hazards that may exist at hazardous waste sites • Holes or ditches • Failed excavations • Falling objects • Sharp/jagged objects

  25. Safety hazards that may exist at hazardous waste sites • Slippery surfaces • Steep grades • Uneven terrain • Unstable surfaces

  26. What electrical hazards can pose danger to workers? • Overhead electrical lines • Fallen electrical wires • Buried cables • Electrical equipment (use low- voltage equipment with ground-fault interrupters and watertight, corrosion-resistant connecting cords)

  27. What electrical hazards can pose danger to workers? • Lighting • Weather conditions • Capacitors • retain a charge

  28. How do hazardous energy control (HEC) procedures protect workers? Before servicing & maintenance of equipment, OSHA requires control procedures to ensure “Zero Energy State!”

  29. How do hazardous energy control (HEC) procedures protect workers? Lockout device (lock, chain, valve, etc.) Prevents flow of energy to prevent 1) unexpected start-up of equipment, and 2) unintended release of energy

  30. How do hazardous energy control (HEC) procedures protect workers? Tagout Tag the power source Administrative control, not engineering control

  31. Requirements under HEC • Establish a program • Utilize procedures for affixing appropriate lockout/tagout devices to power sources • Otherwise disable equipment/machine to prevent unexpected start-up of equipment, or release of stored energy

  32. Effects of Noise Noise = Unwanted Sound • Heavy equipment creates harmful noise levels

  33. Unit of Measure for Sound Sound intensity = decibels (dB) Examples • Ticking watch =20 dB (barely audible) • Jet engine = 130 to 160 dB (painful)

  34. Implement a Hearing Conservation Program? OSHA says A Hearing Conservation Program is required when noise levels ≥8 hour time-weighted average (TWA) sound level of 85dBA

  35. Implement a Hearing Conservation Program? Engineering & administrative controls must be used if workers are subject to noise >8-hour TWA of 90 dBA

  36. Minimize noise • Noise monitoring • Audiometric testing • Engineering controls (e.g., design or retrofit; isolate exposure from workers; acoustical materials)

  37. Minimize noise • Administrative controls (rotate employees, operate offending equipment w/minimum staffing) • PPE (plugs; caps; muffs) • Training

  38. Eye/Face Protection Reasonable probability of injury from • Flying objects • Glare • Liquids • Injurious radiation • Combination of these hazards

  39. Eye/Face Protection Reasonable probability of injury from • Glasses – “big chunks” • Goggles – “small chunks” • Also mist, vapor, aerosol • Shield – see “goggles”

  40. Eye/Face Protection When projectiles exist, workers must use eye protection that provides side protection Refer to ANSI Z87.1, et al

  41. Requirements of eye and face PPE? Must be • Distinctly marked to facilitate identification of the manufacturer • Capable of being disinfected and easily cleaned

  42. Requirements for prescription glasses & contact lens wearers? Prescription lens wearers need • Eye protection incorporating prescription in its design, or • Eye protection worn over prescription lenses w/o disturbing proper position/integrity/function of either

  43. Requirements for prescription glasses & contact lens wearers? The use of contact lenses should • Be considered carefully • Comply with the site-specific HASP* *HASP: Health & Safety Plan

  44. Eye/face/body flushing When chemical hazards are present • Eye wash stations - readily available & accessible • Water/flushing solutions - to prevent particles from further injuring eyes

  45. When is head protection required? Can • An object strike the head? • The head strike an object? • The head contact an energized electrical conductor?

  46. When is head protection required? • Head protection must meet all safety requirements (ANSI Z89.1) • Hair must be restrained to prevent snagging on surrounding objects

  47. When is protective footwear required? Where potential hazards are present from • Falling/rolling objects • Objects may pierce the sole • Chemical exposure • Electrical shock • Wet floors

  48. Recommended types of footwear • Safety toe shoes (hard toe) • Treated shoes • Rubber boots or plastic shoe covers • Insulated shoes

  49. Hand protection When there are hazards from • Skin absorption • Cuts, abrasions, punctures • Chemical or thermal burns • Harmful temperature extremes

  50. Hand protection Employers must require workers to use appropriate hand protection meeting all safety requirements