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Hepatitis B Basics. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW. Hepatitis B is…. Inflammation of the liver caused by infection by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). A Healthy Liver. Major role in metabolism and detoxification Fights against infections and controls bleeding. CHRONIC Hepatitis B is….

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Hepatitis b basics

Hepatitis B Basics


Hepatitis b is
Hepatitis B is…

Inflammation of the liver caused by infection by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).

A healthy liver
A Healthy Liver

  • Major role in metabolism and detoxification

  • Fights against infections and controls bleeding

Chronic hepatitis b is
CHRONIC Hepatitis B is…

A life-long disease.

Once infected there is NO cure.

It can cause:

Liver failure

Liver cirrhosis (scarring of the liver)

Liver cancer

And ultimately, premature death

Even if you feel perfectly healthy
Even if you feel perfectly healthy…

  • You could still be chronically infected with HBV

  • Most people with chronic HBV infection have no symptoms

  • Blood tests for liver enzymes are often normal

Chronic HBV infection:

A Silent Killer in API Community

Hepatitis b basics

Who does HBV affect?

1/3 of the world’s population has been infected at one point in time. That’s 2 billionpeople!

350- 400 million people worldwide are chronically infected. That is 1 in 20 people!

Compare this to the 35 million with HIV/AIDS.

Without appropriate monitoring or treatment,

1 in 4with chronic hepatitis B will die of liver cancer.

This leads to 1-2deaths every minute…


Hepatitis B is spread through…


Asian pacific islander population
Asian & Pacific Islander Population

HBV is the greatest health disparity between API and general population.

1 in 10APIs is chronically infected with HBV,

compared to 1 in 1,000 for Caucasian Americans.

1-1.5 million affected in the United States

1 in 12 Korean-Americans

1 in 10 Chinese-Americans

1 in 8 Vietnamese-Americans

Get tested
Get Tested!

  • Simple blood test

  • Hepatitis B surface antigen test (HBsAg)

    • Positive (+): has hepatitis B

    • Negative (-): does not have hepatitis B

  • Hepatitis B surface antibody test (HBsAb)

    • Positive (+): has immunity

    • Negative (-): does not have immunity

“Silent Killer”

Remember, chronic hepatitis B usually DOES NOT have any symptoms until it is too late.

Get tested today!

Hepatitis b basics

Get Vaccinated!

  • If you are: Hepatitis B surface antigen (-) & hepatitis B surface antibody (-), then you are susceptible and should get the vaccine

    • The first “anti-cancer” vaccine - CDC

    • Confers life-long protection “3 for life”

Total: 6-month, 3 shot series

Get treatment
Get Treatment!

  • If you have chronic hepatitis B:

    • There is NO cure, but hepatitis B can be managed

    • Everyone is different; discuss treatment with doctor

    • Important regular check-ups

      • ALT for liver damage and AFP for liver cancer, 6 months

      • Ultrasound, 12 months

    • Can still live a long and healthy life with appropriate monitoring and treatment

Protect your liver
Protect Your Liver

  • If you have chronic hepatitis B, you should also:

    • Avoid drinking alcohol

    • Get the hepatitis A vaccination

Protect your family
Protect Your Family

  • Spread the word!

  • Make sure family members are tested and vaccinated

  • Expecting mothers can protect their newborns by making sure that their doctors administer to their newborns the necessary shots!

Mothers with chronic hepatitis b can protect their babies
Mothers with chronic hepatitis B can protect their babies

  • Her newborn should be given two shots:

    • The first shot of the 3-shot hepatitis B vaccine AND

    • The HBIG (hepatitis B immunoglobulin) shot

    • These need to be given within 12 hours of birth to prevent transmission of hepatitis B.

All newborns in the U.S. should receive the hepatitis B vaccination and HBIG at birth!

People chronically infected with hbv should
People chronically infected with HBV should…

Get screened regularly for liver cancer and liver damage

Hepatitis b basics

HBsAg test

* Note: HBsAg and HBsAb tests can be done at the same time



HBsAb test




Every 6 mo.

Every 6 mo.

Every year







Maintain regular



3 shots in 6 mo.

  • interferon

  • lamivudine

  • adefovir

  • avoid alcohol

  • get hep A shot


  • Be informed

    • 1 in 10 API are infected with hepatitis B

    • “Silent killer”

    • Transmitted through BBS

      • Most common mode: Mother to child

  • Protect yourself

    • Get tested

    • Get vaccinated

    • Get treated

  • Protect & educate your family

  • Join the Jade Ribbon Campaign

  • Unite against hepatitis B and liver cancer!

The jade ribbon campaign
The Jade Ribbon Campaign

  • Launched in 2001

  • Mission: Increase awareness about hepatitis b and provide ethnic-sensitive health information to API community

  • Jade = Longevity and good luck

  • Folded in shape of “person” to represent all voices united against hepatitis B and liver cancer.