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Reconstruction…a success or failure??. By the end of this chapter you must be able to answer this question and defend your answer with several examples. Confederate Flag. What do you think of when you see this flag? How does it make you feel? What does it represent?.

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Reconstruction…a success

or failure??

  • By the end of this chapter you must be able to answer this question and defend your answer with several examples.

Confederate Flag

What do you think of when you see this flag?

How does it make you feel?

What does it represent?

so what s the difference republican vs radical republican
So what’s the difference???Republican vs. Radical Republican
  • Jot down some thoughts in the space provided- at least 4 lines!
  • What did Republicans believe in?
  • How would a Radical Republican go about the same thing?
black codes anger congress
Black Codes Anger Congress
  • Black Codes- laws put into place to severely limit the rights of freedmen.
  • Freedmen could not vote, own guns, or serve on juries.
johnson s reconstruction plan
Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan
  • Majority of white men must swear loyalty to the Union before being admitted.
  • Must ratify the 13th Amendment- abolish slavery
  • Former Confederate officials may vote and hold office.
johnson and reconstruction
Johnson and Reconstruction
  • Republicans felt that Johnson’s Reconstruction plans encouraged black codes.
  • In the South angry whites were causing riots and damaging freedmen’s homes and churches.
    • KKK
stop and think
Stop and Think
  • Jot down at least 3 lines to answer the following questions…
  • What are black codes?
  • Who did they impact?
  • How did Andrew Johnson appear to be handling reconstruction?
the rise of radicals
The Rise of Radicals
  • Radical Republicans- republicans who wanted to ensure that freedmen received equal rights.
  • Two Main Goals of Radical Republicans
    • 1. break the power of wealthy planters who long ruled the South
    • 2. ensure that freedmen received the right to vote.
  • Passed The Civil Rights Act in April of 1866 which gave citizenship to blacks. (Johnson Vetoed but Congress overrode)
  • 14th Amendment- It guaranteed citizens equal protection of the laws
    • defined citizens as “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.”
    • Forbade states to deprive anyone life, liberty, or property without due process of law
  • Radicals felt if Freedmen could vote, they could defend their freedoms
radical reconstruction plan
Radical Reconstruction Plan
  • Reconstruction Act- threw out state governments that refused to ratify the 14th Amendment.
  • The South was divided up into 5 military districts.
  • Southerners bitterly opposed the Reconstruction Act.
warm up
Warm Up
  • What does it mean when a president gets “impeached”?
in your textbook
In your textbook…
    • Read pages 523-524 “Impeachment and a new president”
  • Define impeachment.
  • What is considered behavior worthy of being impeached?
  • What did Johnson do in order to have charges brought against him?
  • Did Johnson commit acts worthy of impeachment?
  • How could this have drastically changed our presidencies for the future?
  • In February of 1868 the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Johnson.
  • Impeach- to bring formal charges against
  • 2/3 of the Senate must find Johnson guilty for him to lose office
  • The Senate was ONE vote shy of having Johnson impeached.
a new president
A New President
  • Johnson served the last few months of his term.
  • In 1868 Republicans elected Ulysses S. Grant for president.
  • Grant wins the presidency in a landslide!
    • About 500,000 blacks voted and nearly all of them voted for Grant.
15 th amendment
15th Amendment
  • In 1870 Congress passed the 15th Amendment which forbade any state to deny any citizen the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Finally African American men over the age of 21 could vote!