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# LOGIC 102 lesson 05 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

LOGIC 102 lesson 05. Sh. Safdar Razi. The Conditional Syllogism. Arabic: al-qadiyaa al-shartiyya Definition: Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts: The first part (al-muqadama) The second part (al-taalie) The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)

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### LOGIC 102lesson 05

Sh. Safdar Razi

• Definition:

• Is composed of two predicative/propositional statements or three parts:

• The first part (al-muqadama)

• The second part (al-taalie)

• The connector (al-raabitta/nisba)

• This is not like the predicative syllogism, in that the nisba here is not used to prove/affirm the predicative to the subject.

• Instead it connects the two statements.

• In the predicative syllogism we divided the types of subjects with respect to the perspectives.

• However, since we do not have a subject and its predicate here, instead we have two syllogisms that either are:

• Associative (talaazum)

• Dissociative (ta’aanud)

• Therefore, with respect to the time and condition, the connection or disconnection between the two statements of the syllogism is of three types:

• Personal (shakhsiyya)

• Unattended (muhmalla)

• Specific (mahsoora):

a. Total (kulliya)b. Some (juz’iyya)

• Arabic: shakhsiyya

• Definition:

• The connection or disconnection is in a specific time or state.

• Example:

• If Ali comes angry, I will not greet him.

• If Ali comes, he will be either happy or sad.

• Arabic: muhmalla

• Definition:

• The connection or disconnection is in an unspecified time or state.

• Example:

• If the water is kurr, it will not become unpurified.

• If the impurity touches the water, it either becomes pure or impure.

• Arabic: mahsoora

• Definition:

• The connection or disconnection includes all or some times or states.

• Two types:

• All (kullie)

• Some (juz’ee)

• Arabic: kullie

• Tools: “all” or “always” or “every”

• Example:

• If a nation is always mindful of technology, it will progress.

• Every number is either odd or even.

• Arabic: juz’ee

• Tools: “some” or “sometimes” or “not always”

• Example:

• If a nation is not always mindful of technology, it will not progress.

• Some men are male or female.