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继续教育学院. School of Continuing Education, Jilin University. 大学英语(一). 第六十六讲. 授课教师:朱丽翠. Unit 8 Keeping Healthy and Seeing a Doctor. contents. Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription. Lead-in. Warm-up. 1. What are medical instructions intended for?.

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继续教育学院


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    1. 继续教育学院 School of Continuing Education, Jilin University 大学英语(一) 第六十六讲 授课教师:朱丽翠

    2. Unit 8Keeping Healthy andSeeing a Doctor

    3. contents • Medical instructions • and doctor’s prescription

    4. Lead-in Warm-up 1. What are medical instructions intended for? 2. Do you always read medical instructions carefully before taking a medicine? Why or why not?

    5. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis The format and the language used in medical instructions: The language used in medical instructions is expected to be as straightforward as possible. Short and simple sentences are preferred. Everyday words are used in order not to confuse people.

    6. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis The sentences used in writing medical instructions: 1. Keep out of reach of children. 2. Store in a cool, dry place. 3. The usual dose is 2-3 tablets twice daily.

    7. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis 4. If your symptoms persist, stop taking the medicine. 5. If the injection causes soreness or irritation, apply ice for 15 minutes every four to six hours.

    8. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis 6. Apply drops in both eyes in the morning and at night. 7. Take two tablets 3 times a day after meals.

    9. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis 8. Apply the lotion to the infected area before going to bed. 9. Take one tablet in the morning or as directed by your doctor.

    10. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis The format and the language used in doctor’s prescription: Since the doctor’s prescription is crucial to the patient, it is imperative that the patient should be able to fully understand it and no ambiguity is allowed. So a prescription must be written accurately,

    11. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis and a universal standard language be employed as well. Accurate diagnosis; proper selection of medication, dosage form and route of administration; proper size and timing of dose; precise dispensing; accurate labeling; and correct packaging must be all provided.

    12. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Sample analysis Written prescriptions should contain: Patient's full name and address; prescriber's full name, address, telephone number, and DEA number; date of issuance; signature of prescriber; drug name, dose, dosage form, amount; directions for use; refill instructions.

    13. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Identify the following prescription:

    14. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Exercises 成 分:含多种不同的消炎和止疼成分。 功 能: 防止感染,缓解疼痛,并且能去淤消肿。 用 法:喷于患处,每日三至五次,重症加量。 注意事项:只能外用,勿喷入眼、鼻、口中。 储 存:避开光照与火源。 有 效 期:1年。

    15. Applied writing: Medical instructions and doctor’s prescription Exercises 提姆·沃特斯 医学博士 口腔科 美国:德克萨斯州医疗中心 本文包含保险附件 患者姓名:艾米·贝克  年龄:20 住址:德克萨斯州休斯敦市1625号   日期:06.6.16 处方:强力霉素 100 毫克/胶囊 配用量:14粒 用法:每日两次 每次一粒 饭后服用 连服七天 续配次数:0 联邦药品实施管理局执照号码:LV336612-12 提姆·沃特斯

    16. Lead-in Read and translate Read and translate the medical instructions in Section I.

    17. Throat Spray The spray is made up of vitamins and mint .It is used for the relief of a sore and dry throat. It is also helpful for persistent cough. Spray gently into open mouth, three times a day. Don’t drink or eat anything immediately after use. Keep in cool dry place. 口咽喷雾剂 此种喷雾剂是以多种维他命和薄荷为原料,用于缓解咽喉干 涩、肿痛,亦可作为顽固性咳嗽的辅助治疗。 张开嘴巴轻轻喷入,每日三次。 喷药后不要立即喝水或进食。 喷雾剂请存放于阴凉干燥处。 Sample 1.

    18. Vitamin E Skin Oil Capsule Ingredients: Vitamin E and vegetable oil. Functions: Smooth dry and rough skin. Application: Squeeze capsule and apply contents to desired area. Rub the lotion into your skin. Caution: Do not allow the lotion to come into contact with eyes. Keep out of reach of children. Store in a cool, dry place. 维生素E 润肤胶囊 成分:维生素E 与植物油 功能:使干燥粗糙的皮肤细滑 用法:挤压胶囊,将乳液涂于皮肤粗糙处,轻轻按摩使皮肤吸收 注意: 乳液勿入眼内;放置于儿童拿不到的地方;存放于阴凉干燥处。

    19. Thank you for your listening!

    20. 继续教育学院 School of Continuing Education, Jilin University 大学英语(一) 第六十七讲 授课教师:朱丽翠

    21. CONTENTS Seeing a doctor: Patient’s complaints Doctor’s inquiry about symptoms Doctor’s advice and prescription Understanding and following doctor’s advice and prescription Comforting the patient

    22. Sample dialogues Warm-up 1. Is your English good enough to help your American friend to see a doctor in China?

    23. Speak out — making complaints to a doctor • 我得了重感冒,病倒了。 B. 我咳嗽得很厉害。 C. 我什么都不想吃。 D. 我头痛得厉害,并且发烧。 I’ve come down with a bad cold. I’ve got a bad cough. I don’t feel like eating anything. I have a bad headache and a temperature.

    24. Speak out — making complaints to a doctor I’ve got a terrible toothache. E. 我牙很痛。 F. 我吃不下东西也睡不好,头晕乏力。 G. 我腿疼得厉害,现在感觉很虚弱。 I can’t eat or sleep at all. I’m feeling weak and dizzy. My leg hurts so much and I’m feeling rather weak.

    25. Speak out — making complaints to a doctor I don’t feel very well, perhaps I’ve got heat-stroke. H. 我觉得有些难受,好象是中暑了。 I. 我服了阿司匹林,但还没好。 J. 我的牙痛死了。 I have taken some aspirin, but I still feel sick. The toothache is killing me.

    26. Sample dialogues Warm-up 2. Do you know how to inquire in English about the symptoms of a patient as a doctor?

    27. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms A. 你怎么了? 脸 色不太好。 H. 你发烧了吗? B. 怎么了?有什么不对劲吗? G. 张嘴说 “啊”。 . C. 这症状有多久了? F. 服药了吗? E. 怎么了,杰克?还好吧?你看起来有些不对劲。 D. 今天感觉如何?

    28. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms • What’s wrong with you? You look pale.

    29. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms B. What’s wrong? Is anything the matter?

    30. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms C. How long has this been going on?

    31. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms D. How are you feeling today?

    32. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms E. Jack, are you all right? You don’t look quite yourself.

    33. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms F. Have you taken any medicine?

    34. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms G. Open your mouth and say “Ahhh”.

    35. Speak out — inquiring the symptoms H. Do you have a temperature?

    36. Sample dialogues Warm-up 3. Can you understand a doctor’s advice and his prescriptions?

    37. Sample sentences Speak out — giving advice and writing a prescription • I’ll give you an injection to bring your fever down. B. Here is a prescription to take care of your headache and keep your temperature down. C. You should go on taking the medicine for three more days.

    38. Sample sentences Speak out — giving advice and writing a prescription D. You need a minor operation. E. You can try some Chinese therapies. F. You must come back for a follow-up treatment. G.Take this pain-killer three times a day after meals.

    39. Sample dialogues Read and find out Read and find out useful expressions for seeing a doctor.

    40. Sample 1 A Doctor Is Talking to a Patient D= doctor P= patient D: What’s wrong with you? P: I’ve got a sore throat and a bad cough. D: Try this throat spray. You should feel some relief soon. P: That’s good. How should I use it?

    41. D: Simply spray it in your throat three times a day. And remember not to drink or eat anything immediately afterward. P: I understand. Thank you very much. D: Oh, and keep it in a cool and dry place. Key Words: sour relief spray

    42. Sample 2 Talking About Skin Care • A: Why do you look so unhappy? Is there • B: It’s my skin. It’s so dry and rough. • A: You could try this skin oil capsule. Just rub the oil into your skin. It will soothe and soften your skin immediately. • B: Really? What is it made of? • A: Vitamin E and vegetable oil. Key words: soothe, soften

    43. Sentences for a patient to make a complaint to a doctor: • I’ve got a sore throat and a bad cough. • It’s my skin. It’s so dry • and rough.

    44. Sentences for a doctor to inquire about symptoms: • What’s wrong with you? 2. You don’t look well today. What’s the problem?

    45. Sentences for a doctor to give advice to a patient: 1. Try this throat spray. 2. Simply spray it into your throat three times a day. 3. Remember not to drink or eat anything immediately afterward. 4. You could try this skin oil treatment. Just rub the oil into your skin. 5. Keep it in a cool and dry place.

    46. Sentences for a doctor to comfort a patient: 1. You should feel relieved soon. 2. It will soothe and soften your skin immediately.

    47. Practice the following sentences. • _________________ your daughter? Have you taken her temperature? 2. She should __________________ if she rests for a few days. What’s wrong with feel a little relieved

    48. Practice the following sentences. Try 3. ______ this medicine and stay in bed for two days, and I’m sure you’ll feel better. 4. ______ the ointment well into the skin when you feel a pain. 5. If your skin is dry, you should apply the oil treatment and it will ______ your skin. Rub soften

    49. Thank you for your listening!

    50. 继续教育学院 School of Continuing Education, Jilin University 大学英语(一) 第六十八讲 授课教师:朱丽翠