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SCIENCE BIODIVERSITY and SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY. A Findings Report of the NATIONAL COMMISSION on SCIENCE for SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY. NCSSF. January 22, 2005. NCSSF Mission Provide Solutions for Sustainable Forestry. “To improve the scientific basis for the development, implementation and

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Science biodiversity and sustainable forestry


A Findings Report of the



January 22, 2005

Ncssf mission provide solutions for sustainable forestry

NCSSF MissionProvide Solutions for Sustainable Forestry

“To improve the scientific basis for the


evaluation of sustainable forestry

practices in the United States.”

National commission on science for sustainable forestry

A Program Conducted by the

National Council on Science for the Environment “NCSE”

Ncssf program evolution
NCSSF Program Evolution

From: Doing Research To: Delivering Results

Synthesis Project Results Provide Useful Information and Identify Gaps

Research Project Results Develop New Knowledge and Applications

Tool Development Projects Pilot Demonstrations

Project Results andSynthesize into FindingsNCSSF Deliberationsand Implications for Users


The variety and abundance of all life forms in

a place … and

the processes,

functions and

structures that

sustain variety

and allow it to

adapt to change

Sustainable forestry
Sustainable Forestry

The suite of forest policies, plans and practices that seek to

sustain a specified

array of forest

benefits in a

particular place, i.e.,

conditions, values,

functions, uses,

products, &


First rule of sustainable forestry
“First Rule of Sustainable Forestry”

  • Keep forestlands in forest uses for forest values

    • 1865-1920: forests converted at rate of 13,000 ac/day

    • 2000: “open spaces” being converted at rate of 4,000 ac/day

Ncssf findings
NCSSF Findings

  • Biodiversity at multiple scales – from site to watershed to landscape

  • Disturbance dynamics shape diversity – in the past and in the future

  • Indicators make sustainable forestry practicable

  • Adaptive management is key to success

Future range of variation frv
Future Range of Variation (FRV)

  • Legacy effects are lasting

  • Climate change is continual

  • More people with changing resource demands, values, risk tolerance

  • Invasive species create new challenges

  • New technologies, “toys,” knowledge

Linking values to sustainability
Linking Values to Sustainability

Forest Values to be Sustained

Problems to be Solved






Assessment, Strategies

Monitoring & Research


Why is ncssf different

Links practitioners and scientists from design to implementation

Focus on the product and application!

Integrates ecological and social sciences

Builds a scientific base for natural resource professionals and education

Why is NCSSF Different?

What people say about ncssf and its findings
What People say about NCSSF and its Findings implementation

  • Academia

    • Building a scientific base for natural resource professionals

    • Results will infuse curricula (e.g., NTFP)

    • Social scientists at the table – building more theory around public participation

    • Reinforces interdisciplinary research, management and science

What people say about ncssf and its findings1
What People say about NCSSF and its Findings implementation

  • Government

    • Links practitioners and scientists from design to implementation

    • Focus on the product – building in the “hand off” from the beginning

    • Integrates ecological and social sciences

    • Moves from “biodiversity rhetoric” to a science base for integration with sustainability

What people say about ncssf and its findings2
What People say about NCSSF and its Findings implementation

  • Industry

    • Focus on biodiversity is on-target

    • Conclusions on scale, disturbance and indicators are on-target

    • Provides a basis for prioritizing landscapes to achieve biodiversity conservation

    • Surfaces the critical threat of forest conversion to non-forest use

    • Variability is good!

Science biodiversity and sustainable forestry

Work in Progress implementation

Ncssf 2005 new work

Emphasis on Delivering Results: implementation

Design “hand off” process for 2006

Applications workshops for users

Illustrated implementation guide book

Applications of ecosystem functions scorecard

SFM certification “outcomes assessment” protocol (FSC/SFI)

HRV update to FRV approach

Adaptive mgmt. implementation

Economics of SFM practices

NCSSF 2005 New Work

Ncssf measures of success

Increased awareness & understanding implementation of SFM and biodiversity by policy makers, managers, practitioners and researchers

High quality research results published widely in peer reviewed journals

Communication of usable information to foresters and stakeholders

Application of NCSSF knowledge & tools to SFM policies, management and practices

NCSSF Measures of Success

The commission

Science Capabilities implementation

Ann Bartuska - USFS

Joyce Berry - CSU

Norm Christensen** - Duke

John Gordon* - Yale

Al Lucier- NCASI

David Perry - OSU/UHI

Ron Pulliam - UGA

Hal Salwasser*** - OSU

Stakeholder Needs

Greg Aplet - Wilderness Soc.

Jim Brown – ODF/OR GNRO

Bruce Cabarle - WWF

Nils Christoffersen - WR

Sharon Haines - IP

Al Sample - Pinchot Inst.

Tom Thompson – USFS

Scott Wallinger - MWV

The Commission


* Chair 2000-2001; ** Chair 2002-2003; *** Chair 2003-2005

Former members: Chip Collins - TFG, Wally Covington - NAU, Phil Janik - USFS, Mark Schaefer - NatureServe, Mark Schaffer - DoW

Draft report peer review

Jerry Rose – NASF implementation

Joel Holtrop – USFS

Ajit Kirshnaswamy – NNFP

Si Balch – New England FF

Paul Trianosky – S.E. TNC

James Agee – U. Wash.

John Helms – U.C. Berkeley

Draft Report - Peer Review

Linking science to practice user needs survey projects and workshops

Survey of practitioners, managers & policymakers implementation

Eastern and Western interactive workshops

Identify gaps & prioritize user needs

Adapt NCSSF program to address key needs

Synthesize and translate science into usable tools and information – handoff to users

Linking Science to PracticeUser Needs Survey, Projects and Workshops

Ncssf projects 2001 2004

Fundamentals implementation

State-of-science review (R)

User needs, product utility (W)

Biodiversity in forest planning (S)

Biodiversity indicators (A)

Ecosystem function indicators (A)

Conservation theories and field validation (B)

Relative risk assessment (B)

Conservation at multiple scales (A)

Forest purposes in context (C)

Historical Influences

Native American land uses (B)

European settlement land uses (B)

20th century forest management (A)

Non-native invasive species (A)

Non-wood forest products (A)

Management and ownership (B)

Managing for Resilience and Productivity

Public values and attitudes (C)

Biodiversity and wood-production forestry (C)

Fire, forest “health,” biodiversity (S,C)

Hydrology, water, biodiversity (A)

Managing non-native invasive species (C)

Old growth forest diversity (C)

Risk management (B)

Ecological restoration (A,C)

Fragmentation effects (A)

Decision support systems (A,C)

Conservation incentives for private, non-industrial forests (C)

Monitoring protocols (C)

Global wood market effects on forests (C)

NCSSF Projects – 2001-2004