Diagnosis & treatment of STIs. Over 30 different organisms can cause STIs Many infections have similar symptoms & signs Accurate treatment requires accurate diagnosis For most STIs, accurate diagnosis requires laboratory tests In developing countries, laboratory tests are often not available.
STI diagnosis where lab tests not available:
the syndromic approach
to STI case management
Principles of syndromic management:
In spite of its limitations,
the syndromic approach is at present
the most realistic option for
the management of STIs in resource-poor settings.
Syndromic approach included in:
1. Protect yourself - ABC
2. Prevent transmission to partners:
- get STIs treated without delay
- use condoms or abstain until STI is cured
- urge partners to get treatment