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OSTP Update. Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse Physical Sciences and Engineering Office of Science and Technology Policy Executive Office of the President. FY2007 SYSTEM CRASH!. The Budget Cycle. 2. Agencies prepare and submit proposed budgets to OMB. 1. OSTP & OMB issue guidance

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ostp update

OSTP Update

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse

Physical Sciences and Engineering

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Executive Office of the President

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the budget cycle

FY2007

SYSTEM

CRASH!

The Budget Cycle

2. Agencies prepare and submit

proposed budgets

to OMB

1. OSTP & OMB issue guidance

memorandum on R&D priorities

3. Passback, negotiations, & appeals between agencies and EOP

9. Agencies make decisions on allocation of resources consistent with enacted appropriations and program plans

4. President makes final decisions and sends Budget Request to Congress

5. Congress reviews, considers, & approves overall Budget Request

8. President signs or vetoes appropriations bills

7. Congress marks up & passes agency appropriations bills

6. Appropriations hearings with agencies & EOP on individual programs

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the fy2008 president s budget continues to prioritize the american competitiveness initiative
The FY2008 President’s Budget continues to prioritize the American Competitiveness Initiative

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

president bush s aci research commitment in millions of dollars
President Bush’s ACI Research Commitment(in millions of dollars)

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

nasa science in millions of dollars
NASA Science(in millions of dollars)

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

national science technology council

Research Business Models

Education & Workforce Dev.

Networking & Information

Technology

Global Change Research

National Security R&D

Aquaculture

International*

Air Quality Research

Human Subjects Research

Nanoscale Science,

Engineering &

Technology

Physics of the Universe

Regional Stability and

Nation Building

Disaster Reduction

Plant Genome

Ecosystems

WMD Medical

Countermeasures

Advanced Technologies

For Education & Training

Dom. Animal Genomics

Standards

Toxics & Risks

Prion Science

Trans-Border Research Materials

Water Availability & Quality

Decontamination

Standards

and Technologies

Multinational Orgs*

US Group on

Earth Observations

Foreign Animal Disease

Threats

R&D Investment Criteria**

Scientific Collections

Infrastructure

Biometrics

IWG on Dioxin

Oceans S & T

Export Controls for S&T

NSTC

Director, OSTP

NSTC StructureNovember 2005

National Science & Technology Council

Committee on

Environment &

Natural Resources

Committee on

Technology

Committee on

Science

Committee on

Homeland and

National Security

WH: Sharon Hays

NSF: Arden Bement

NIH: Elias Zerhouni

WH: Richard Russell

DOC: Ben Wu

WH: Sharon Hays

DOC: Conrad Lautenbacher

EPA: George Gray

WH: Sharon Hays

DOD: Ken Krieg

DHS: Charles McQueary

Manufacturing Research & Development

Aeronautics S& T

Biotechnology

*in development

**Informal

Social, Behavioral & Econ.

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

interagency working group on the physics of the universe
Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe
  • Originally established to formulate an implementation plan for the opportunities identified in the 2002 NRC report Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos: Eleven Science Questions for the New Century
  • Report released in February 2004

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

interagency working group on the physics of the universe1
Interagency Working Group on the Physics of the Universe
  • Co-chairs: Robin Staffin (DoE-SC), Joe Dehmer (NSF-PHY), Michael Salamon (NASA-SMD)
  • Will report on progress made towards interagency coordination on items discussed in the PoU report.
  • Interagency Task Force on High Energy Density Physics under the auspices of the PoU IWG; report imminent
  • Interagency Lessons-Learned Task Force: an ad-hoc task force under the auspices of the PoU IWG; draft report in progress

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

ostp endorses process of nsf astronomy senior review december 22 2007
OSTP Endorses Process of NSF Astronomy Senior ReviewDecember 22, 2007

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the role of nrc decadal surveys in prioritizing federal funding for science technology
The Role of NRC Decadal Surveys in Prioritizing Federal Funding for Science & Technology

Beneficial aspects of NRC Decadal Surveys

  • Community-based documents that provide consensus views of frontier science opportunities for maintaining the Nation’s scientific leadership
  • Provides for each field a single, well-respected source for community priorities and the scientific motivations to the agencies, OMB, OSTP, and the Congress
  • Limits the range of activities to consider for funding
    • Cost estimates, technical risk assessments, and technology roadmaps aid in budget planning

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the role of nrc decadal surveys in prioritizing federal funding for science technology1
The Role of NRC Decadal Surveys in Prioritizing Federal Funding for Science & Technology

Issues and concerns with NRC Decadal Surveys

  • Prioritizing specific projects can become static and inflexible, with little ability to account for project setbacks, new discoveries, changing budgetary circumstances, etc.
  • Technical risks are often not well known or stated clearly
  • Cost estimates have often been inaccurate
    • Project cost estimates too low and do not reflect total lifecycle costs
  • Recommended project portfolios cannot fit in any realistic budget scenario (unrealistic expectations)
    • Small, medium, and large projects are not compared to each other
    • Surveys often do not address how projects should be phased, individually or relative to each other
  • Surveys usually assume only growth in the number and scale of facilities and missions, and do not identify offsets in the existing portfolios to enable new initiatives

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the role of nrc decadal surveys in prioritizing federal funding for science technology2
The Role of NRC Decadal Surveys in Prioritizing Federal Funding for Science & Technology

What is most useful for making decisions?

  • Frame the discussion by identifying the key science questions
    • Focus on what you want to do, not on what you want to build
    • Discuss the breadth and depth of the science (e.g., impact on our understanding of fundamental processes, impact on related fields and interdisciplinary research, etc.)
  • Then explain what measurements and capabilities are needed to answer each question
  • Discuss the complementary nature of initiatives, relative phasing (domestic and international context)
    • How do various past, present, and future measurements and facilities work together to answer the questions?
    • What roles do/could private, interagency, and international partnerships play?
  • Reporting by capabilities (e.g., wavelength range, in situ vs. remote sensing, etc.) is not useful for policy and budget planning

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the role of nrc decadal surveys in prioritizing federal funding for science technology3
The Role of NRC Decadal Surveys in Prioritizing Federal Funding for Science & Technology

Suggested Improvements

  • Establish science and project priorities in the broad context of past, present, and future projects and changing conditions
    • New initiatives, upgrades and/or recapitalizations
  • Establish relative priority amongst new initiatives, projects currently under development (e.g., from previous Surveys), operating projects, R&A, PI-led projects, and technology/R&D investment needs
  • Prioritize across all initiatives vs. grouping into small, medium, large (i.e., remove ambiguities about what is meant by “a balanced program”)
  • Explain the associated risks (technical, dependencies on other projects)
    • Assume that large projects (> $1B) will need international support
  • Provide tables that summarize key information about science & projects
  • Provide timeline/phasing charts and diagrams for project portfolios under various budget scenarios
  • Consider adding non-specialists or even non-scientists to committees to aid in communicating societal benefits (e.g., interdisciplinary aspects, education, workforce training, public outreach)

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

the role of nrc decadal surveys in prioritizing federal funding for science technology4
The Role of NRC Decadal Surveys in Prioritizing Federal Funding for Science & Technology

Managing Expectations

  • Acknowledge stewardship role in taxpayer investment
  • Identify highest priority activities but within a framework that allows flexibility to react to new scientific opportunities
  • Use order-of-magnitude lifecycle cost estimates instead of specific (often under-estimated) construction costs or costs by decade
  • Explain how circumstances (e.g., project overruns, changing budget forecasts, phasing with other projects, new discoveries) would change priorities
  • Consider multiple, realistic budget profiles and what science various profiles would buy
    • Work with agencies, OMB, Congress to define constraints
    • Macro-budgetary pressures are expected to increase during the next decade, so flat budget projections may actually be optimistic
    • Also need to consider project terminations that allow new initiatives to move forward (part of Decadal Survey or subsequent Senior Review process)

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

slide15
Backup slides

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

slide16

Executive Office of the President (EOP)

White House Office

(Homeland Security Council, Office of Faith-Based Initiatives, Freedom Corps)

Office of

Management & Budget

(OMB)

Office of the

Vice President

President’s

Foreign Intelligence

Advisory Board

US Trade Representative

(USTR)

National Security Council

(NSC)

Domestic Policy Council

Nat’l Economic Council

Nat’l AIDS Policy

Office of

Administration

Council of

Environmental Quality

(CEQ)

Office of National Drug Control Policy

Primarily career staff

Office of Science & Technology Policy (OSTP)

Council of

Economic Advisors

(CEA)

Primarily political staff

Mix of detailees, career, political

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

ostp what we do
OSTP-What We Do
  • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs;
  • Lead interagency efforts to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets;
  • Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security;
  • Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community;
  • Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP

ostp who we are

NSTC

PCAST

Director

Chief of Staff

Deputy Chief of Staff

Associate Director

andDeputy

Director for Technology

Deputy Director forHomeland and

National Security

Associate Director

and Deputy

Director for Science

Senior DirectorHomeland and

National Security

Deputy to the Associate

Director Science

Deputy to the Associate

Director Technology

ADMINISTRATIVESTAFF

Administration

Budget

Security

Office SupportComputing

Assistant DirectorHomeland Security

Assistant DirectorLife Sciences

Assistant DirectorTechnology

R&D

Assistant DirectorNational Security

Assistant DirectorEnvironment

Assistant DirectorSpace & Aeronautics

FUNCTIONALSTAFF

Legal affairs

Legislative affairs

Budget analysis

Communications

International

NSTC

PCAST

Assistant DirectorPhysical Sciences & Engineering

Assistant DirectorNatl. Security/

Emergency

Preparedness Com.

Assistant DirectorSocial, Behavioral &

Education Science

Assistant DirectorTelecom & Information Tech

OSTP-Who We Are

Rob Dimeo & Jon Morse February 8, 2007

OSTP