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The Post-Napoleon World. NATIONALISM. Nationalism. What is it?. 1. Nationalism: pride in one’s country, heritage, culture, language, history, customs 2. Nation: a group of people sharing same culture, language, history, customs Ex. Ukrainians, Scots, Native Americans

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nationalism what is it
Nationalism. What is it?
  • 1. Nationalism: pride in one’s country, heritage, culture, language, history, customs
  • 2. Nation: a group of people sharing same culture, language, history, customs
    • Ex. Ukrainians, Scots, Native Americans
  • Nation-State: A group of people of the same nationality under one government
    • Ex. Germany, Italy
4 influences of nationalism
4. Influences of Nationalism
  • discontent and enlightenment ideas
  • People wanted control of themselves
    • Inspired by American and French Revolutions
5 revolution
5. REVOLUTION
  • REVOLUTION: drastic or dramatic change
  • as much a matter of ideas as they are of weapons
c european revolutions
C. European Revolutions
  • 1. The Balkans
    • Controlled by Ottoman Empire
    • Vulnerable to nationalism
    • Greece gains independence in 1830
      • Help from European Powers-Why?
2 revolution of 1830
2. Revolution of 1830
  • Breakdown of Metternich’s conservative system
  • Liberal middle class revolting against power of aristocracy
  • Belgians gain independence from Dutch
  • Italian uprisings led by Young Italy put down by Metternich
  • Poles revolted against Russia and lost
2 revolution of 18301
2. Revolution of 1830
  • France
    • Charles X tries for absolute monarchy
    • Riots break out in Paris, Charles  Great Britain
    • Replaced by Louis – Philippe
    • Louis had “the manners of a citizen and the plainness of dress and demeanor very suitable to an American president, but very unbecoming a descendant of Louis XIV”
slide11

Charles X

Louis-Philippe

3 revolutions of 18481
3. Revolutions of 1848
  • Ethnic uprisings in Austrian Empire
    • Czechs, Hungarians
    • Eventually forces Metternich to resign
    • Conservatives regain control by 1849
3 revolutions of 18482
3. Revolutions of 1848
  • France
    • Louis-Philippe loses popularity
    • Mob violence ends the monarchy, creates a republic
    • New government collapses because of infighting
guess who s back
Guess who’s back?
  • Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (nephew of Napoleon)
    • Declares himself Napoleon III
    • Built railroads
    • Encouraged industry
    • French economy expands
3 revolutions of 18483
3. Revolutions of 1848
  • Russia
    • Czar Nicholas I wanted to invade the Ottoman Empire, but couldn’t support his army
    • Czar Alexander II
      • 1861 – freed the serfs (1/2 land to serfs, ½ to nobles)
      • Had 50 years to pay off debt
      • Assassinated in 1881
    • Czar Alexander III – push for industrialization