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CLIMATE CHANGE AND MIGRATION IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC: Some key issues. by Graeme Hugo ARC Australian Professorial Fellow, Professor of Geography and Director of the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre, The University of Adelaide
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ARC Australian Professorial Fellow, Professor of Geography and Director of the Australian Population and Migration Research Centre,
The University of Adelaide
Presentation to the Hamburg Conference: Actions for Climate Induced Migration, Climate Service Center and the KlimaCampus at University of Hamburg
16-18 July 2013
Number of Chinese Travelling Abroad for Business and Tourism 1981-2003 and Total Number of Outbound Trips from China, 1997-2010Source: Far Eastern Economic Review, 24 June 2004, 30; Asia Times Online, 9 February 2006; Li and Fung Research Centre, 2010; Yu, 2010; Chao, 2011
* A significant change in population distribution has occurred in the last 40 years. Why not just as large a change in the next 40 years?
World cumulative humanitarian risk hotspots for climate-related hazards - floods, cyclones and droughtSource: CARE International 2009, p.26
Asia: Population Affected by Natural Disasters, 1976 to 2011Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) International Disaster Database, http://www.emdat.be/, accessed 3rd February 2012
- coastal vulnerability, inundation, storm surges, deltas, coastal plains
- cyclones and typhoons
- riparian flooding, impact of glacier melt
- water stress
- atolls, low lying islands
Southeast Asia: Location of Hot Spot Areas Likely to be Most Impacted by Coastal Flooding Associated with Sea Level Rise, Riparian Flooding, Cyclones/Typhoons and Water Stress as a Result of Climate ChangeSource: Yusuf and Francisco, 2009, 6
Nations with the Highest Numbers and Proportions of Their Urban Population within the Low Elevation Coastal Zone – The Continuous Area Along the Coast That Is Less Than 10 Metres Above Sea LevelSource: McGranahanet al., 2008
- Land resettlement Transmigrasi
- Disaster Temporary and Permanent Displacement
- Mega projects (Three Dams)
1. significantly increase the numbers of people migrating using established patterns both internally and externally in a linear manner, primarily via voluntary mechanisms; and
2. non-linear changes involves creating new migration flows that result as thresholds of resilience or tipping points being reached. May be spontaneous or involve policy intervention.
- funding of internal adjustments
- role of international migration as an adaptation mechanism
- role of international migration in resettlement
- Data Collection on Migration
- Targeted Case Studies