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Late Roman Empire. Fall of (Western) Rome. Emperor lives at Constantinople 313 Edict of Milan – religious freedom 410 – Alaric (Master of Soldiers) of the Visigoths (Arians) sacks Rome 409-429 – Vandals (Arians) invade Spain, then took all of northern Africa. Attila the Hun, 440s.

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fall of western rome
Fall of (Western) Rome
  • Emperor lives at Constantinople
  • 313 Edict of Milan – religious freedom
  • 410 – Alaric (Master of Soldiers) of the Visigoths (Arians) sacks Rome
  • 409-429 – Vandals (Arians) invade Spain, then took all of northern Africa
attila the hun scourge of god
Attila the Hun “Scourge of God”
  • 445 – Attila takes over Huns from brother Bleda
  • Terrorized central and northern Europe and Central Asia, Eastern Romans paid tribute
  • 451 – lost Battle of Catalaunian Plains to combined Roman and Visigoth forces
  • 452 – Pope Leo I persuaded him to not attack Rome
merovingian dynasty of the franks
Merovingian Dynasty of The Franks
  • 486-507 – Clovis conquers many parts of Gaul
  • Clovis = Louis
  • Converted to Roman Catholicism
meanwhile over in the east
Meanwhile…over in the East
  • Justinian – “Last of the Romans”, Empress Theodora ruled alongside wisely
  • Roman Emperor from 527-565
  • Builds Hagia Sofia (correction)
  • Belisarius – favorite general, successful in Persia and winning back Africa from Vandals, won Italy back temporarily
  • Stopped use of Latin in government, used Greek
  • Most famous for codifying Roman civil law
after justinian
After Justinian
  • High taxes to pay for western wars
  • Persia attacked Byzantines
  • 632 - Emperor Heraclius eventually prevailed, sacks Persepolis
  • Both empires devastated, unprepared for invading Muslim armies from Arabia
  • Many territories too tired, gladly accepted new rulers
the state of the west
The state of the West
  • Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals all weakened
  • Franks (the least Roman-educated group) poised to fill the vacuum left
  • Christianity still the predominant religion
  • Pope still in Rome