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IX/XIX/MMXII. Objective : To be able to pronounce and read Latin with fluency; to be able to understand the differences and similarities between English and Latin word order. Do Now : Take out your homework for inspection.

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slide1

IX/XIX/MMXII

Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with fluency; to be able to understand the differences and similarities between English and Latin word order

Do Now:

Take out your homework for inspection.

If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the website, take one from the front desk

Here is the NEW official website address:

http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/

Open up your textbook to pg. 15 and finish your translation for the passage ‘Rōma et Italia’ in your notebook.

COGITATE

What do you notice about the word order of Latin sentences?

What do you notice about the endings of nouns?

What do you notice about the difference between plural and singular verbs?

HW #3- Theogony translation assignment due TOMORROW! Translate all sentences and

macrons
Macrons
  • All Latin vowels come in 2 types, long and short
  • Long vowels have a symbol known as a macron, or long mark, which changes their sound slightly
    • ā = ahh as in calm
    • ē = ‘A’ as in pay
    • ī = eee as in free
    • ō = ‘O’ as in go
    • ū = ooo as in glue
latin alphabet and pronunciation
Latin Alphabet and Pronunciation
  • The Latin and English alphabets are almost identical with the exception of a couple letters
    • The Latin alphabet does NOT have the letters “j”, “u” or “w”
      • The letter “i” in the Latin alphabet can act as a vowel or a consonant
      • It acts as a consonant when it is the first letter of a word (ex. iam) or when it comes between two vowels (ex. huius). When it acts as a consonant, it is pronounced “yuh”
      • The letter “v” is pronounced like a “w” as in Salvē!
      • The letter “c” is pronounced like a “k” like in “can”
exerce mus
Exerceāmus!

Practice saying the following words aloud:

  • Salvē!
  • Valēte!
  • iamdudum
  • silvae
  • insulae
slide5

IX/XX/MMXII

Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with fluency; to be able to understand the differences and similarities between English and Latin word order

Do Now:

Take out your homework for inspection.

If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the website, take one from the front desk

Here is the NEW official website address:

http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/

Open up your notes from yesterday and complete your Latin vs. English word order examples

HW #4- No homework! Quiz on Monday and worksheet due

word order in english vs latin
Word order in English vs. Latin

Subject, verb, prepositional phrase

Subject, verb, prepositional phrase

Rome is in Italy

Subject, adverb, verb, noun

Italy is almost an island

Subject, verb, adverb, noun

Subject, verb, adverb, noun

Is America an island?

Verb, Subject, noun

Subject, noun, verb

Italy is a peninsula

Subject, verb, noun

  • Word order in Latin DOES NOT MATTER! Word order in English DOES! Whenever we translate from Latin to English, we may need to re-order words in put them back into English word order.
latin vs english word order
Latin vs. English Word Order
  • English word order is rigid. Parts of speech are in the following order:
    • Subject, Verb, Predicate (the rest of the sentence)
    • Adjectives the nouns they modify are taken together
      • The bright girl reads books
        • subject + adjective, verb, predicate
    • Adverbs can be in almost any position within a sentence
      • Quickly the girls read books
        • Adverb, subject, verb, predicate
      • The girls read books quickly
        • subject, verb, predicate, adverb
      • The girls quickly read books
        • subject, adverb, verb, predicate
theogony
THEOGONY
  • Estnihil in princīpiō. Nomenillōnihilōest Chaos. Chaos spontāneēadvenit.
    • In the beginning there is nothing. The name for that nothing is Chaos. Chaos arrives spontaneously.
  • Chaos estabyssustenebrae. Ex Chaō, Terra venit. Terra est humus et ager. NomenTerraeest Gaia.
    • Chaos is an abyss of darkness. From Chaos, Terra comes. Terra is the soil and the land. The name for Terra is Gaia.
theogony1
THEOGONY
  • Deinde post Terram, Tartarusapparet. Tartaruscavum sub Terrā est. Tartaruscaecus et ater est.
    • Then after Terra, Tartarus appears. Tartarus is a pit beneath Terra. Tartarus is dark and murky.
  • Erebus tenebrae in Tartarō est. Tum post Tartarum Eros venit. Eros estamor. Eros alāsaureāshabet.
    • Erebus is the darkness in Tartarus. Then after Tartarus Eros comes. Eros is love. Eros has golden wings.
theogony2
THEOGONY
  • Eros pulcher est. Tum, Gaia Ūranumprōducit. Ūranuscaelumsuper Terrā est.
    • Eros is beautiful. Then, Gaia produces Uranus. Uranus is the sky above Terra.
  • Terra et Ūranusmultōsfiliōsprōdūcunt. Sedaliīfiliīpulchrīsunt, et aliīfiliītaetrīsunt.
    • Terra and Uranus produce many children. But some of the children are beautiful, and other(s of the) children are ugly.
compare these verbs
Compare these verbs…
  • Terra et Ūranusmultōsfiliōsprōdūcunt
  • aliīfiliītaetrīsunt
  • Eros pulcherest
  • Tartarusapparet
  • Chaos spontāneēadvenit

PLURAL!

To these verbs…

SINGULAR!

Plural verbs end in the letters ‘-nt’

Singular verbs end in the letter ‘-t’

list all plural and singular verbs
List all plural and singular verbs!
  • Hint! There are 6 singular verbs and 2 plural verbs
  • SINGULAR
  • est
  • habet
  • advenit
  • venit
  • apparet
  • prōdūcit
  • PLURAL
  • prōdūcunt
  • sunt
slide13

IX/XIX/MMXII

Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with fluency; to be able to understand the differences and similarities between English and Latin word order

Do Now:

Take out your homework for inspection.

If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the website, take one from the front desk

Here is the NEW official website address:

http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/

Find the following forms:

Neuter plural noun: _____________

Future tense verb: ______________

Ablative without a preposition: ______________

Genitive showing possession: _________________

Vocative: __________________

HW #4- Verb synopsis

review translati
Review Translatiō
  • Quondam puerparvusPūbliuspropeMantuam, oppidumItaliae, habitabat.
    • Once a small boy Publius used to live near Mantua, a city of Italy.
  • Fīliuseratagricolae.
    • He was the son of a farmer.
  • In agrīsPūbliusnōnlabōrābat quod numquamvaluit, sedagrōs, silvās, frūmentum, et equōsamābat.
    • Publius used not to work in the fields because he was never well, but he (used to) loved the fields, forests, grain, and horses.
review translati1
Review Translatiō
  • In lūdōmultōslibrōslegēbat, multāsfābulāsdēgloriāpatriae et dēlocīsclārīsItaliaeaudiēbat, verbasententiāsquemagistrīmemoriātenēbat.
    • In school he used to read many books, he listened to many stories about the glory of his fatherland and about the famous places of Italy, he held the words and opinions of his teacher in (his) memory.
  • Reliquīpuerī in patriāmānsērunt, sedPūblius, nuncvir, in urbeRōmāstudiacoluit.
    • The rest of the boys remained in the fatherland, but Publius, now a man, cultivated his studies in the city (of) Rome.
review translati2
Review Translatiō
  • In ForōRōmānōverbanumquamfecit quod timiduserat et populuseumterrēbat.
    • He never made words (gave a speech) in the Roman Forum because he was afraid and people used to terrify him.
  • Bella armaquesemperfugiēbat, concordiamōtiumqueamābat.
    • He always used to flee from wars and arms, he used to love harmony and leisure.
review translati3
Review Translatiō
  • Agrōs et casamfamiliaeāmīsit, sedauxiliōamīcōrumrecēpit.
    • He lost the lands and home of his family, but he regained (them ) with the help of his friends.
  • Magnamgrātiamamīcīssemperhabēbat.
    • He always had enormous gratitude for his friends.
  • Amīcōsnōnmultōssedfirmōshabēbat.
    • He did not have many friends, but (they were) loyal.
review translati4
Review Translatiō
  • Tumcarminavariadēagrīsagricolīsquescrībereincēpit.
    • Then he began to write various poems about fields and farmers.
  • Tardēscrībēbatmultumquelabōrābat, sednōnmultacarminaeffēcit.
    • He used to write slowly and used to work a lot, but he did not finish many poems.
  • Posteāmagnum carmendēbellōTrōiānōrum et dēgloriāRōmaescrīpsit.
    • Finally he wrote a great song about the war of the Trojans and about the glory of Rome.
review translati5
Review Translatiō
  • AudīvistisnedēPūbliō, puerīpuellaque?
    • Did you (all) hear about Publius, boys and girls?
  • EratPūbliusVergiliusMarō, clāruspoetaRōmānus, quīreliquōspoētāsRōmānōssuperāvit.
    • He was PubliusVergiliusMaro, famous Roman poet, who surpassed the rest of the Roman poets.
  • LēgistislegētisquefābulampulchramVergilīdēAenēā.
    • You (have) read and you will read Vergil’s beautiful story about Aeneas.
slide21

IX/XXI/MMXII

Objective: To be able to complete a present tense synopsis; to be able to distinguish between active and passive voice

Do Now:

Take out your homework for inspection.

If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the website, take one from the front desk

Here is the NEW official website address:

http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/

What is the difference between the two verbs lēgistis and legētis in the last line of your Review Translatio?

Begin to fill out your Present Tense Formation handout

HW #4- QUIZ: Translatio review and verb quiz Monday

slide22

Tense Timeline

1st person singular, laudō(1) – to praise

“I was praising”

“I used to praise”

Imperfect

“I would praise”

Perfect

Present

Pluperfect

Future Perfect

Future

“I had praised”

“I praised”

“I have praised”*

“I will have praised”

“I will praise”

“I praise”

“I am praising”

how do we form a present active verb
How do we form a Present Active Verb?

PRESENT ACTIVE VOICE: Removed the -_______ from the 2nd principle part to create your Present Stem and add Present Active Endings

  • 1st conjugation: portō, portāre = to carry, Present Stem = ________________
  • 2nd conjugation: doceō, docēre = to teach, Present Stem = _________________
  • 3rd conjugation (regular): ponō, ponere = to place, Present Stem = _______________
  • 3rd conjugation (-io): capiō, capere = to seize, Present Stem = ___________________
  • 4th conjugation: audiō, audīre = to hear, Present Stem = __________________

-re

porta-

doce--

pone--

cape--

audī--

present active endings
Present Active Endings

-s

-t

-mus

-tis

-(u)nt

present passive endings
Present Passive Endings

-or

-ris

-tur

-mur

-minī

-ntur