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Labour market policy for young people (15-24) in Austria. Youth transitions from school to employment , 13 September 2013 Maximilian Fischer Public Employment Service for young people in Vienna. Overview of the youth labour market in 2012 (% change compared to 2011 in brackets ).

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Labour market policy for young people 15 24 in austria

Labour marketpolicyforyoungpeople (15-24)in Austria

Youth transitions from school to employment, 13 September 2013

Maximilian Fischer

Public Employment Service for young people in Vienna

Overview of the youth labour market in 2012 change compared to 2011 in brackets
Overviewoftheyouthlabourmarket in 2012 (% changecomparedto 2011 in brackets)

  • employees 491.302 (0,0%)

  • registered unemployed 40.297 (+3,7%)

  • national unemployment rate 7,6% (+0,3-points)

  • unemployment rate acc. to Eurostat 8,7% (+0,4-points)

  • average duration of unemployment in days 67 days (+2 days)

Youth unemployment rate 15 24 years in european comparison annual data 2012
Youth unemployment rate (15-24 years) in europeancomparison (annualdata 2012)

Source: Eurostat

Framework conditions for the youth labour market in austria
Framework conditionsfortheyouthlabourmarket in Austria

1) relativelylowlevelof total unemployment

  • July2013 (Eurostat): Austria: 4,8 %; EU 28: 11 %

    2) demographicfactors – birth rate

  • ongoingdeclineofyoungpeoplebetween 15-19 ofabout 55.000 (=11%) until 2025 -> leadingto a declineofyoungjobstarters

    3) one of the Federal Government’s priorities is to optimise the labour market prospects for young people.

  • the Austrian Government swiftly responded to the difficult situation on the labour market by providing major funding in order to help young people.

  • in 2012: about EUR 610 Mio. werespentforlabourmarketandemploymentpolicyforyoungpeople

  • in 2013: thefundingisplannedtoberaisedtoabout EUR 640 Mio.

  • Vienna supportswith 39 Mio. the LM, 11 Mio. for Youngsters

F ramework conditions for the youth labour market in austria
Framework conditionsfortheyouthlabourmarket in Austria

4) thedual trainingsystem - plays an importantrole in Austria

  • combinationofpractical on-the-job trainingand school-basedtheoreticaleducation (oneortwodays per week)

  • in 2012 about 41,4% ofthegirlsandboysof a birthyearstart an apprenticeship after completionofcompulsoryeducation

  • theymaychoosefromaround 204 apprenticeshiptrainings in crafts, industryandservicesectors

  • thedurationofapprenticeshiptrainingvariesaccordingtothechosenvocation (two, twoand a half, threeand a half orfouryears).

  • an ongoingprocessofupgradingtrainingcurriculatomeetfuturerequirements (e.g. greenjobs), aswellasthecurrentrequirementsofbusinessandindustry, maintainsthequalityandattractivenessofthe dual system

Labour market policy for young people 15 24 in austria

The Austrian Education System


Education system in Austria

U nemployment rate of young people aged 20 to 24 according to education
Unemployment rateofyoungpeopleaged 20 to 24 accordingtoeducation

Every third young person without education is unemployed

average: 10,6%

compulsory education


secondary technical and vocational schools – medium level

Upper –level secondary technical and vocational colleges

Secondary academic schools – upper level

Tertiary level education (e.g. universities; colleges, vocational training academies)

Two target groups y oung people aged 15 to19 and 20 to 24
Twotargetgroups:youngpeopleaged 15 to19 and 20 to 24

  • Personsuptotheageof 19 who find ithardtomove on tocontinuingeducationor a job.

    The focusislayed on managingthetransitionfromschooltoworkbyoffering:

    • programmesgivingyoungparticipantssufficient time tolearnattheirownspeedandacquirethenecessaryskills,

    • guidanceandsupporthelpingyoungpeoplemovethroughtheoftenconfusingmazeofoccupationandeducationlandscape

    • company-basedtrainingorapprenticeshipprogramme in a supra-company apprenticeshiptraining

  • Registered unemployedyoungpersonsaged 20 to 24

    • areoffered an entirespectrumoftraining und fundingprogrammestostrengthentheirposition on thelabourmarket.

Training guarantee for young people supra company apprenticeship training
Training Guaranteeforyoungpeople – supra-company apprenticeshiptraining

  • Training guarantee(Political aim in Austria):

    • Eachyoungpersonwhowantstotakeup an apprenticship will get a trainingaspromisedbythe Training Guaranteewithin 3 monthseitherby

      • entering an apprenticeship in thelabourmarket,

      • entering a apprenticeshiptrainingby a PES Partner or

      • entering a trainingopportunityprovidedbythe PES

  • Training guaranteeapprenticeshiptraining:

    • If upon completionofcompulsoryeducationyoungapprenticeship-seekerscannotbeplaced in a formal apprenticeshipprogramme, they will beoffered („guaranteed“) theopportunitytoenter a full-fledgedapprenticeshipprogramme in a institution(private and/or non profitinstitutions)

    • theattendanceofvocationalschoolismandatory

Training guarantee apprenticeship training
Training Guarantee - Apprenticeship Training


a) Supra-companyapprenticeshiptrainingiscarried out by an educationalinstitution

  • theoreticaltraining in a vocationalschool

  • practicaltrainingofferedbytheeducationalinstitution

  • trainingcontractduringtheentire time ofapprenticeship

  • goal: completionofapprenticeship

    b) cooperationbetween an educationalinstitutionand a private company

  • theoreticaltraining in a vocationalschool

  • practicaltraining in a company

  • trainingcontractbetweentheeducationalinstitutionandthecompany(shorterthanapprenticeship, 1 year)

  • goal: transferto apprenticeship in a company

Supra company apprenticeship training type a
Supra-company apprenticeshiptraining – type a)

goal: completion of apprenticeship

eductional institution

vocational school

Supra company apprenticeship training type b
Supra-company apprenticeshiptraining – type b)

educational institution

goal: transfer to apprenticeship in a company


vocational school

Supra company apprenticeship training
Supra-company apprenticeshiptraining

  • participantsreceivecomprehensivesupport:

    • socio-pedagogicalcounselling

    • learningsupport

    • assistancewithjobsearchorapprenticeshipsearch

  • benefitforparticipants:

    • EUR 270 per month in thefirstandsecondyear,

    • EUR 600 per monthfromthethirdyear

Supra company apprenticeship training1
Supra-company apprenticeshiptraining

  • Numberofparticipants:

  • Expenses: Average expenseabout € 12.000 per participant and per year

  • Resultsofevaluation:

    • about 50% changed to an appreticeship in a company


  • Come and have a look! Join the action! Get on with your life!

  • Think about it, take a decision and act!

  • Open and detached youth work – 1st contact by youth workers

  • Developing perspectives for the future- Daily Training – 10 Euros per day

  • - Training – monthly salary = benefit by the PES

  • Target group: Young People who did not finish school or only attended compulsory school with difficulties in the transition between school and labour market, aged 15 to 25

  • Aims: Promoting the untapped potential in young people, definition of challenges for them


  • Informationdays

  • Coaching

  • Training- gardening- creativity- media- ecology

Spacelab funding
Spacelab - Funding

3 non profit organisations contribute their key competencies

1.236 Mio. Euro budget by the Vienna Employment Promotion

Fund (=WAFF)

about 150.000 Euro AMS training benefit

Support by Vienna´s Municipal Departement Education & Work

(overhead and infrastructure fund)

ESF (Award 1st place 2013)

(from 2010-2012 46% ESF 54% Vienna Employment P.Fund)

2014 Spacelab changes into a production school (50% AMS, 50% Vienna E. P. Fund) Infomanagement between AMS/Spacelab and monitoring through the AMS database

More information to


Youth coaching
Youth Coaching

  • The goal of this programme is:

    • to keep young people within the education and training system as long as possible and

    • efforts are made to ensure that those who have already left the system will be offered the chance to resume their education or training

  • It is a preventative measure to reduce the ratio of school dropouts and to offer a closely-knit network of individual assistance and support services to pupils who need it.

  • Youth Coaching has been created to ensure the interface of advice, guidance and support for young people from the end of compulsory schooling until such time as they are fully integrated into continuing training or educational programmes.

Youth coaching1
Youth Coaching

  • The pilot of this programme started in 2012 in Vienna and Styria with about 12.500 participants.

  • With a success rate of 85%, meaning that only 15% of the participants dropped out or left the programme without a specific goal orientation , the programme turnded out to be very successful.

  • So Youth Coaching has been implemented nationwide in 2013 (provisional estimated number of participants in 2013 amounts to about 35.000).

  • The programme is carried out by the Federal Social Ministry