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Dihybrid Crosses

Dihybrid Crosses

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Dihybrid Crosses

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  1. Dihybrid Crosses **Crossing 2 different traits at the same time

  2. 1. Determine dominant and recessive traits Carefully read the problem!

  3. 2. Assign letters for the trait B = black b = white H = Hairy h = no hair

  4. 3. Determine genotype for parents *Parents must have 4 alleles (aka 4 letters) Heterozygous black, hairless male = Bbhh White heterozygous hairy female = bbHh

  5. 4. Draw the punnett square with 16 boxes

  6. 5. Put parent gamete combinations on box Bbhh gametes: Bh, Bh, bh, bh bbHh gametes: bH, bh, bH, bh Bh Bh bh bh bH bh bH bh

  7. 6. Determine the Genotype and Phenotype Ratio Genotype: 4 BbHh : 4 bbHh : 4 Bbhh : 4 bbhh Phenotype: 4 Black and Hair : 4 White and Hair : 4 Black and Hairless : 4 White and Hairless

  8. Sample Problem

  9. Sample Problem Genotype Ratio: ___ RRYY : ___ RRYy : ___ RrYY : ___ RRyy : ___ RrYy : ___ rrYY : ___ Rryy : ___ rrYy : ___ rryy Phenotype Ratio : ___ Round and Yellow : ___ Round and Green : ___ Wrinkled and Yellow : ___ Wrinkled and Green

  10. Sample Problem Genotype Ratio: 1 RRYY : 2 RRYy : 2 RrYY : 1 RRyy : 4 RrYy : 1 rrYY : 2 Rryy : 2 rrYy : 1 rryy Phenotype Ratio : 9 Round and Yellow : 3 Round and Green : 3 Wrinkled and Yellow : 1 Wrinkled and Green

  11. Practice Problem Determine the genotype of the following bunnies: Heterozygous Black-Hairy:_________ White hairless: ____________

  12. Practice Problem Determine the gamete combinations BbHh: _______________________________ bbhh: _______________________________

  13. Practice Problem Complete the punnett square:

  14. Practice Problem Complete the punnett square: BH Bh bH bh bh bh bh bh

  15. Practice Problem Complete the punnett square: BH Bh bH bh bh bh bh bh

  16. Practice Problem Give the genotype ratio: Give the phenotype ratio: 4 BbHh : 4 Bbhh : 4 bbHh : 4 bbhh 4 Black and Hair : 4 Black and Hairless : 4 White and Hair: 4 White and Hairless

  17. Extra tips When determining the probability of events • If the problem states “and” then multiply the chances for each • Chance of heads and heads = ½ x ½ = ¼ or 25% • If the problem states “or” then add the chances for each • Chance of heads or tails = ½ + ½ = 1 or 100%