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TOWARD AN OUTWARD-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR SMALL STATES: ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES, AND RESILIENCE BUILDING PowerPoint Presentation
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TOWARD AN OUTWARD-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR SMALL STATES: ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES, AND RESILIENCE BUILDING A REVIEW OF THE SMALL STATES AGENDA SET OUT IN THE COMMONWEALTH/ WORLD BANK JOINT TASK FORCE REPORT OF APRIL 2000 Prepared by Lino Briguglio, Bishnodat Persaud, and

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slide1

TOWARD AN OUTWARD-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR SMALL STATES: ISSUES, OPPORTUNITIES, AND RESILIENCE BUILDING

A REVIEW OF THE SMALL STATES AGENDA SET OUT IN THE COMMONWEALTH/

WORLD BANK JOINT TASK FORCE REPORT OF APRIL 2000

Prepared by

Lino Briguglio,

Bishnodat Persaud, and

Richard Stern

2005 Small States Forum

September 24, 2005

Washington, DC

slide2

GENESIS AND PURPOSE OF THEREPORT

  • Review requested by the 2004 Small States
  • Forum and the 2004 Commonwealth Finance
  • Ministers meeting
  • To determine whether the analysis contained in the 2000 Task Force report remains relevant
  • Identify new issues and opportunities that have emerged
  • The views expressed are those of the Authors
slide3

KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF SMALL STATES

  • The 2000 Report highlighted the following key characteristics of the small states:
  • Remoteness and insularity
  • Susceptibility to natural disasters
  • Limited institutional capacity
  • Limited diversification
  • Openness
  • Key role of external capital
  • Poverty
slide4

DEVELOPMENTS SINCE 2000

  • What has happened to small states since 2000?
  • Average GDP growth has declined relative to
  • comparators
  • Income and export volatility remain high
  • Service sector increasing in importance
  • Share agriculture and merchandise exports
  • declining
  • Remittances and FDI remain critical
  • Debt burden has increased
slide5

EMERGING CHALLENGES

  • Preference erosion is faster that anticipated
  • Need to diversify into new activities
  • Increasing environmental vulnerability
  • Youth unemployment
  • Security and crime
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Not all small states face the same challenges
slide6

THE RESPONSE OF THE SMALL STATES

  • Some have:
  • Embarked on economic reform programs
  • Improved the investment climate
  • Upgraded governance
  • Expanded regional cooperation
  • Implementing comprehensive responses to
  • HIV/AIDS
  • However in others:
  • Adjustment and fiscal reforms are largely absent
  • Governance remains weak
slide7

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • There is the need to shift emphasis away from:
  • Prolonging preferences and special concessions
  • towards:
  • Designing and implementing outward-looking
  • export based development strategies particularly in higher-end services
  • and
  • Building economic resilience to better withstand external shocks
slide8

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Creating and exploiting competitive advantage, particularly in the service sectors, will require:
  • Improving the investment climate
  • Empowering and investing in the education,
  • health and safety of human resources
  • Increased regional cooperation
  • Offsetting vulnerabilities by strengthening
  • environment and other resilience mechanisms
  • Increasing aid flows to support repositioning
  • and a radical harmonization of donor efforts
slide9

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Improving the investment climate requires:
  • Securing property rights
  • Simplifying tax regimes and administration
  • Moving from import duties to less distortionary tax systems
  • Provision of adequate infrastructure
  • Assuring good governance, including increased outsourcing of government services
  • Systematically leveraging the considerable stock of small state “best-practices”
  • Mobilizing the diaspora
slide10

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Empowering and investing in human resource requires:
  • Investing in and upgrading the quality of education systems
  • Maintaining the priority of the anti-crime agenda
  • Aggressively combating HIV/AIDS
  • Donor support will be critical-particularly from those benefiting from migration
slide11

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Intensify Regional Cooperation in such areas as:
  • Regulation (infrastructure and finance)
  • Education
  • Health
  • Environmental and fisheries protection
  • Airline and shipping procurement
  • Crime prevention
slide12

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Offsetting Vulnerabilities:
  • Strengthen environmental institutions
  • Intensify efforts to develop disaster insurance
  • mechanisms
  • Assign greater priority to disaster mitigation
  • Assign lower priority for commodity insurance
slide13

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Role of the International Community:
  • Reverse decline in aid for small states that are
  • implementing repositioning programs
  • Implement radical steps to enhance aid
  • coordination and to develop new aid products
  • Simplify WTO accession procedures and
  • strengthen representation for small states
  • Increase engagement of regional organizations
  • in small states forum
  • Support the development of mechanisms to share knowledge/best practice among small states
points for discussion
POINTS FOR DISCUSSION
  • Is the analysis in the report correct?
  • Which recommendations deserve more emphasis, and which ones are less important?
  • Should there be further discussions of the review, for example at the country and regional levels?