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Rainforest WALT: to know what a rainforest, in particular the Amazon What is a Rainforest? Rainforests are very dense, warm and wet forests They are havens for millions of plants and animals

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rainforest

Rainforest

WALT: to know what a rainforest, in particular the Amazon

what is a rainforest
What is a Rainforest?
  • Rainforests are very dense, warm and wet forests
  • They are havens for millions of plants and animals
  • They are very important in the ecology of the Earth as the plants of the rainforest generate much of the Earth’s oxygen
rain forests
“Rain Forests”
  • The name rain forest was first used at the end of the 19th Century to describe forests that grow in constantly wet conditions
  • Today, scientists define rain forests as forests that receive more than 2,000 mm of rain evenly spread throughout the year
slide4
A rainforest is often referred to as a jungle, which is a Hindi word from India meaning a wilderness
  • A true jungle is a thick tangle of vegetation, through which people have to force and cut their way
  • Rainforests contain patches of jungle, but mainly they are more open
tropical rain forests
Tropical Rain Forests
  • Tropical rain forests are found in a belt around the equator, where temperatures and rainfall are very high all year round
  • There is very little variation between the seasons
  • They will have an even distribution of rainfall annually
  • Warm temperatures with less variation during the year
  • The best known rain forests are found in tropical regions between the Tropics of cancer and Capricorn
temperate rainforests
Temperate Rainforests
  • The precise definition of a temperate rainforest has still not been fully decided by scientists
  • They will have one long wet winter/spring season, and a dry foggy summer
  • It will have a range of differences in daytime and night time temperatures
differences
Differences
  • These are just some differences between a Temperate and Tropical rainforest.
  • Do you think there will be any others?
  • Different types of plants and trees
  • Different animal life
the amazon rainforest
The Amazon Rainforest
  • One of the most well known rainforests is the Amazon
  • Where is the Amazon?
  • South America
  • The Amazon rainforest is the largest rainforest in the world
  • It covers an area about two thirds the size of the US
  • Two thirds of the Earth’s fresh water can be found there
amazon
Amazon
  • The Amazon was given its name by European explorers, after a tribe of fierce women called Amazons
  • Whether this tribe really existed is one of the many mysteries of the jungle
mysteries of the amazon
Mysteries of the Amazon
  • Can you think of any other mysteries of the Amazon?
  • There are stories of gold and lost cities
  • Strange and wondrous people, animals and plants
the amazon river
The Amazon River
  • The Amazon River, which snakes through this rainforest, is the largest river system in the world
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Hundreds of small streams join larger ones and keep getting bigger until they join the Amazon
  • The whole area is called the Amazon Basin
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Well done, now you know what a rainforest is!
  • Next time we will find out were you find the rainforests!