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Using music as a production of interethnic consensus/differentiation SCARDUA, Anderson SOUZA FILHO, Edson Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Brazil Programa de Pós-graduação em psicologia Objectives To investigate how music is represented, according to ethnic groups;

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using music as a production of interethnic consensus differentiation

Using music as a production of interethnic consensus/differentiation

SCARDUA, Anderson

SOUZA FILHO, Edson

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro – Brazil

Programa de Pós-graduação em psicologia

objectives
Objectives
  • To investigate how music is represented, according to ethnic groups;
  • To investigate the relations between these representations and musical likes and dislikes;
  • To investigate the possibility of the utilization of music as a way to demarcate/reflect socio-cultural differences among the groups.
slide3
PARTICIPANTS:

243 - SELF-DEFINED AS:

141 White

73 Mixed

29 Black

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QUESTIONS

WHAT IS MUSIC TO YOU? WRITE WHATEVER YOU WANT.

WHICH MUSICAL STYLES ARE YOU USED TO LISTEN TO?

WHICH MUSICAL STYLES DO YOU LIKE LESS?

categories
Categories
  • Way of expression – feelings (is an expression; reflects what I am feeling);
  • Stimulate/provoke emotions/sensations (makes me feel fine; provokes a good sensation);
  • Entertainment/distraction (helps time pass; entertainment);
  • Therapeutic function (relieve the stress; relax; meliorate melancholy);
  • Work instrument (it’s my job; it’s my profession);
  • Technical music descriptions (is melody; harmonic sonority);
  • Escape from reality (dream; trip);
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Musical likes/dislikes (I like heavy metal; I just don’t like pagode);
  • Comparison with other arts and generic descriptions of music as an art (it’s poetry; it’s culture; it’s a kind of art; it’s useful to dance);
  • State of mind and psychological adjectives (happiness; tranquility; state of mind; inspiration);
  • Stimulate reflection/thinking (make us reflect about our lives; expression of thoughts, ideas);
  • Background for life (accompany me in every moments; is a background for daily life);
  • Diversity/relativism (we could not say if it is good or bad, there are ears and ears, hearts and hearts; doesn’t matter the style; it is everything around people);
  • Necessity/like music (I wouldn’t know how to live without it; it’s life; I adore).
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Table 1: Percentages of themes used to represent music, according to ethnic groups

_______________________________________________________________________

Categories/groups Whites Mixed Blacks

______________________________________________

F. % F. % F. %

_______________________________________________________________________

Way of expression – Feelings 40 13,6024 16,00 6 9,37

Provoke emotions/Sensations 38 12,9217 11,334 6,25

Entertainment/ distraction 35 11,90 18 12,00 14 21,87

Therapeutic function 33 11,22 11 7,33 4 6,25

Work instrument 4 1,36 3 2,00 0 0

Technical descriptions 32 10,88 13 8,66 6 9,37

Escape from reality 10 3,40 6 4,00 2 3,12

Musical likes/dislikes 10 3,400 0 1 1,56

Comparison with other arts 38 12,92 12 8,00 9 14,06

State of mind 9 3,06 19 12,66 8 12,5

Stimulate reflection/Thinking 15 5,10 9 6,00 10 15,62

Background for life 5 1,70 2 1,33 0 0

Diversity/relativism 12 4,08 7 4,660 0

Necessity/like music 13 4,429 6,000 0

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

χ2= 52,377; gl= 26; p<0,0016 (comparison among all groups); χ2= 25,54; gl=13; p<0,0196 (comparison between Whites and Mixed); χ2= 34,155; gl=13; p<0,0011 (comparison between Whites and Blacks)

χ2= 23,369; gl=13; p<0,0375 (comparison between Blacks and Mixed)

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Contact:

andersonscardua@gmail.com