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    1. ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ????? : ???? ????

    3. ???? ??? ?????: ?? ??? ??100 ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? 74 ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???.?? ????? ???? 62???? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ???. ???? ??? 10 ???? ????? ?????????? ?26 ????????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??????. ???? ????? ????: ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????

    4. ???? ??? ?????: ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???. ?????? ???? ??????: ???? ????? ???????????????????????????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????.???? 13 ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???. ????? 1950 ????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? . ?????? ?????? ??? A ????? ????? ? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????. ????????? A?????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? A ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???. ??? B ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????.

    5. ???? ??? ?????: ?????? ???? ????? MEDICAID ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ?????.???? 10 ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???.?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???.??????? ??? ???? ?????: ????? ???????????????????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ???.

    6. ???? ?????????? ? ????????????? ????: ???? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ????.(?????????????????) ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ???. ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????. ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??GNP ????? 2030 ?????? ?? 37???? ????? ????. 3???? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ???.????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ???. 43?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????. ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????. ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ???.

    7. ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? : ?????? blue shield ???? ??? blue cross ???????? ???? commercial care ?????? ??? ?????? Health maintain organization ?????? ???? ????? ????? preferred provider organization

    8. ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????: ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??: ??? ????? ??? ?????(?????????????) 33 ???? ???? ???? 24???? ???????? ?? 28???? ????? ???? ??? ????? 20?????????? ??? ???? 5???? ????????? ?????

    13. ????? ???????????.????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????. ????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ????????????? ???? ????? ?????.1383 ??? ???? ? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ? ????????1376. ???? ????, ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????, ??? 2, ?????? ???? ????? ?????? , 1384. WWW.WHO.org World Bank, World development indicators,1998