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HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION IN CHINA : Challenges and Priorities YANG Jin B.Sc M.Ed Ph.D Deputy Director-General Department of Basic Education Ministry of Education, P.R. China General social and economic policies Building a well-off society all-roundly

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HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION IN CHINA:Challenges and Priorities

YANG Jin B.Sc M.Ed Ph.D

Deputy Director-General

Department of Basic Education

Ministry of Education, P.R. China

Dr YANG Jin


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General social and economic policies

  • Building a well-off society all-roundly

  • Improving the socialist market economic system

  • Developing a new type of industrialization which includes higher scientific and technological intensity, better economic benefit, less environmental pollution, better use of the advantage of human resources

  • Adhering to people centred, well-rounded, coordinated and sustainable concept of development

  • Making great efforts to build a socialist harmonious society

Dr YANG Jin


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Major Challenges

  • Clear trend of the globalization of production and work, major multinational manufacturing and trading companies move their production and service into China.

  • Very fierce international economic and technological competition, the Chinese enterprises are facing heavy pressure for technological innovations.

  • The innovations of enterprises and improvement of efficiency lack strong qualified human resources support. In 2004, on average, the population of 15 years old and above had received about 8 years of education, similar to education level of the USA population 100 years ago.

Dr YANG Jin


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The average schooling years of urban and rural inhabitants

Years of Schooling

Urban

Rural

Dr YANG Jin


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The Education System in China

Schooling

year

Age

27

22

Ph.D

26

21

25

20

24

19

Master’s degree

23

18

22

17

21

16

Bachelor’s

degree

20

15

本 科

Higher

vocational ed.

19

14

18

13

17

12

General high

school education

Vocational high

school education

16

11

15

10

14

9

Vocational middle school education

General middle

School education

13

8

12

7

11

6

10

5

9

4

Primary education

8

3

7

2

6

1

5

4

Pre-school ed.

3

Dr YANG Jin




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Quantitative target:

Universalizing 15 years of education is one of the major targets in 2020:

  • 3-year preschool education;

  • 9-year compulsory education; and

  • 3-year high school level of education.

Dr YANG Jin


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Making great efforts to enhance equity and quality of education

  • Improving education provision in rural and western areas

  • Making great efforts to carry out curriculum reforms

  • Strengthening and reforming moral education

  • Making changes of teaching/learning pedagogy

  • Strengthening pre-service and in-service teacher development

Dr YANG Jin


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Improving education provision in rural and western areas education

  • 800 million of the 1.3 billion people of China live in the rural areas. Of the students receiving compulsory education, 80% is in the rural areas.

  • The Central Government of China has been earmarking special funds for building boarding schools, providing living expenses for students from poor families and promoting modern distance education.

Dr YANG Jin


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Making great efforts to carry out curriculum reforms education

  • From Sept. 2005, new curriculum is going to be implemented for all new enrollment in primary and middle education

Dr YANG Jin



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Strengthening and reforming moral education education

  • There is a urgent need for improving moral education and psychological guidance to students for developing healthy ideology, moral integrity and personal character.

  • Education in China has important roles to play for inheriting and advocating the 5000 years of Chinese culture, and for building a modern harmonious society.

Dr YANG Jin


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Making changes of teaching/learning pedagogy education

  • From teacher-centred approach to student-centred approach

  • From the delivery of knowledge to foster the students’ creative competence

Dr YANG Jin


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  • From paying attention of the commonalities of students to paying attention of the individualities of students

  • From paying great attention on “good learners” to paying great attention on students with learning difficulties

  • From a rigid and examination-oriented type of assessment to a formative and “value-added” assessment system

Dr YANG Jin


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Strengthening pre-service and in-service teacher development paying attention of the individualities of students

  • Improving the system of teacher training and life-learning of teachers;

  • Deepening the system of teacher management and ranks system so as to enhance the professional development of teachers;

Dr YANG Jin


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General Remarks paying attention of the individualities of students

  • In the last 20 years or so, China has made tremendous progress in social and economic development. But, after all, China is still a developing country.

  • China is running the biggest education system which enrolls 20% of the world’s students with only 2% of the world’s educational funding.

Dr YANG Jin


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International Education Development paying attention of the individualities of students

Dr YANG Jin

©Knowledge for Development WBI


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Some outstanding features of the U.S. education system: paying attention of the individualities of students

  • Great flexibility

  • Offering more choices and opportunities for students

  • Developing students’critic thinking ability and creativity

  • Social sectors’ and communities’ strong involvement

  • No Child Left Behind philosophy and action

  • Making use of modern technologies of instruction

Dr YANG Jin


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Considerations for future cooperation paying attention of the individualities of students

  • Facilitating US states and Chinese provinces twin-ups for educational co-operations in various types and levels of education

  • Joint empirical comparative researches to identify, generate and promote good practices

    • Comparison of curricula standards

    • Comparison of textbooks

    • Comparison of assessment

    • Comparison of models of pre-service and in-service teacher training

Dr YANG Jin


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yj1@moe.edu.cn paying attention of the individualities of students

-86-10-66096369

Thanks

Dr YANG Jin