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Purposes for Using PowerPoint

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Purposes for Using PowerPoint. Why use PowerPoint? Recent study: Students place high value on PowerPoint in areas of learning and motivation (Tang & Austin) Does our use of technology in the classroom promote student learning? When is PowerPoint unnecessary?.

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purposes for using powerpoint
Purposes for Using PowerPoint
  • Why use PowerPoint?
    • Recent study: Students place high value on PowerPoint in areas of learning and motivation (Tang & Austin)
  • Does our use of technology in the classroom promote student learning?
  • When is PowerPoint unnecessary?
effective powerpoint presentations
Effective PowerPoint Presentations
  • What makes a PowerPoint presentation effective from a design standpoint?
  • What are characteristics of ineffectively designed PowerPoint presentations?
why is design important
Why is Design Important?
  • Enhances the effectiveness of your presentations
  • Helps communicate your main points
best practices for ppt design
Best Practices for PPT Design
  • Simplicity
  • Readability
  • Interactivity
simplicity information overload
Simplicity: Information Overload
  • Notes function vs information overload on screen
  • Studies have shown “More is not better” in terms of using technology to teach
  • Avoid Information Overload
    • PowerPoint expert Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points says, "When you overload your audience, you shut down the dialogue that's an important part of decision-making."
    • He points to research by educational psychologists: "When you remove interesting but irrelevant words and pictures from a screen, you can increase the audience's ability to remember the information by 189% and the ability to apply the information by 109%.”
simplicity information overload1
Simplicity: Information Overload
  • Notes function vs information overload on screen
  • “More is not better” in using technology to teach
simplicity information overload2
Simplicity: Information Overload
  • PowerPoint expert Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points:

"When you overload your audience, you shut down the dialogue that's an important part of decision-making."

simplicity information overload3
Simplicity: Information Overload
  • Atkinson:

"When you remove interesting but irrelevant words and pictures from a screen, you can increase the audience's ability to remember the information by 189% and the ability to apply the information by 109%.”

simplicity less is more
Simplicity: Less is More
  • Keep words at a minimum
    • 6 x 6 guideline
      • 6 points per slide
      • 6 words per point
  • Keep slides at a minimum
    • 3 slides per minute max
simplicity less is more1
Simplicity: Less is More
  • Keep fonts simple
    • 2 max per page, including variations on a single font
    • portability of fonts & substitutions
simplicity less is more2
Simplicity: Less is More
  • White space is your friend
  • Avoid pictures or graphics in background
  • Avoid brightly colored backgrounds
simplicity skip the tricks
Simplicity: Skip the Tricks
  • Minimize or avoid animated texts, sounds, and fancy transitions 
  • Can be effective in certain situations, but often distract your audience from your main points
simplicity graphics
Simplicity: Graphics
  • Word art: When words become art, and when that’s not necessarily a good thing

WordArt

Not always Your Friend

simplicity graphics1
Simplicity: Graphics
  • Options for creating graphics, charts, and diagrams:
    • “Smart Art” in PowerPoint
simplicity graphics3
Simplicity: Graphics
  • http://sxc.hu/
  • site for illustrations & photos
slide18
Readability: Basic Design Theory
  • Contrast
  • Repetition
  • Alignment
  • Proximity

Also known to graphic designers as “CRAP” or “PARC” Principles

readability contrast
Readability: Contrast
  • Strong contrast adds “visual interest” and keeps your students’ attention
  • Makes content more attractive
  • Highlights the most important concepts
  • Difference implies importance
readability contrast1
Readability: Contrast
  • Strong contrast adds “visual interest” and keeps your students’ attention
  • Makes content more attractive
  • Highlights the most important concepts
  • Difference implies importance
readability contrast2
Readability: Contrast
  • Using colors to create contrast
    • Black text on white background
    • White text on black background
readability repetition
Readability: Repetition
  • Repetition involves repeating design concepts on each page
  • Creates unity and consistency
  • Readers take cognitive clues from consistency in design
readability repetition1
Readability: Repetition
  • Professional design practice: branding
  • Templates
    • In PowerPoint
    • Five sample templates on HWI site branded for Farmer School of Business
readability alignment
Readability: Alignment
  • Nothing should be placed on a page arbitrarily
  • Every element should have some visual connection with another element on the page
  • Creates a clean, fresh, sophisticated look
readability alignment1
Readability: Alignment
  • Nothing should be placed on a page arbitrarily

• Every element should have some visual connection with another element on the page

Creates a clean, fresh, sophisticated look

readability alignment2
Readability: Alignment
  • Ideally every object (graphics, photos, or text) should be aligned with other objects
  • Includes vertical and horizontal alignment
readability alignment3
Readability: Alignment

Horizontal alignment

  • Ideally every object (graphics, photos, or text) should be aligned with other objects
  • Includes vertical and horizontal alignment

Vertical alignment

readability proximity
Readability: Proximity
  • Group similar items together
    • Similar to paragraphing in writing
  • Helps readers organize information
  • Using bullets and templates to achieve “proximity” in design
readability type size
Readability: Type Size
  • Make sure your fonts are legible and large enough
  • “Floor test" for readability
readability type size1
Readability: Type Size
  • Preview your presentation in the classroom
  • Should be able to read the slides from the back of the room
readability type style
Readability: Type Style
  • Avoid all caps
  • serif vs. sans serif
readability focal point
Readability: Focal Point
  • Related to contrast and white space
  • Use design consciously to create and emphasize your message
readability focal point1
Readability: Focal Point
  • Images
  • Eyes move from top to bottom, left to right
  • Logos usually at lower right
interactivity student learning
Interactivity: Student Learning
  • Inquiry-based learning
  • Interactive PowerPoint: An oxymoron?
  • Ideas for interactivity
    • Pose questions
    • Fill in responses
    • Have students take notes responding to questions on PPT
    • Post notes to Bb site
  • Other ideas to make PPT more interactive?
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