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The Travellers Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment The Concept In 2001, the City of Melbourne Council held a competition calling for ideas to redevelop the existing (and disused) historic Sandridge Rail Bridge.

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The travellers sandridge bridge redevelopment l.jpg

The TravellersSandridge Bridge Redevelopment


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The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

  • The Concept

    In 2001, the City of Melbourne Council held a competition calling for ideas to redevelop the existing (and disused) historic Sandridge Rail Bridge.

    Nadim Karam with Atelier Hapsitus proposed a cultural interpretation called “the Travellers” – consisting of 12 large scale sculptures that move across the bridge. These represent a celebration of different historic periods of immigration to Melbourne.


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The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

  • The Brief

    10 No stainless steel sculptures (approx 7m tall x 5-10m wide)

    Bogie mechanism and infrastructure to facilitate movement of sculptures across the bridge

    $2M construction budget, 9 month delivery programme

    Must be delivered prior to 2006 March Commonwealth Games

    Arup Melbourne commissioned to provide structural, mechanical and cad design services.


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The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

Arup Tasks

Establish and rationalize geometries of sculptures using a family of parametric curves, working from the artist’s concept sketches.

Confirm structural adequacy of proposed sculpture forms

Provide information to fabricators in electronic format to enable fabrication.

Develop concept design of bogies and assist bogie manufacturer with final detailed design.

Develop performance based specifications for infrastructure installation to bridge for Travellers.


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The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

Sculptural/ Structural Forms

2 No. identical planes, joined together using diagonal members following an arc projected from the planar form

Perimeter members typically 80x80x3thk SHS

Internal planar members typically 40 x 40 x 3thk SHS

Diagonals typically 38 x 3.2thk CHS

Orthogonal members around perimeter typically 48 x 3.2 CHS

Sculpture and structure “one and the same”


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The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

  • .

  • Geometric Translation (1)

  • After GSA analysis, the iterative design cycle between GSA and Rhino involved adjusting the geometries of single members. This was aided by a shared coordinate system and layering / property structure.

  • Overall process overview

    Internal Design Cycle


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Geometric Translation (2)

    Free-form spline geometry received from the architect was rationalized into a standard set of arcs and straights in Rhino via an automated routine

    Prior to export from Rhino, all arcs in the model were rebuilt as a series of lines, and all lines were checked for nodal connectivity.

    Wax print and 1:1 steel prototypes were used to understand the interface between geometry, analysis and fabrication

    The data required for fabrication was automatically stripped from the 3D model using VBA and tabled as spreadsheets. With this information, no drawings were needed for steel fabrication.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Geometric Translation (3)

    Custom Rhino and VBA scripts were developed to generate entities within the 3D model, and to translate data between different processes.

    The requirements of fabrication and analysiswere used to structure the geometry generation, which avoided later

    rebuilding and cleaning of the 3D model and other translation difficulties.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Structural Analysis and Design (1)

    All sections from stainless steel 316L

    Sculptures have been assessed using the “Dallard” method of buckling analysis. Typical buckling lambda values of order of 20. Modal buckling analysis used to calculate modes of failure and corresponding buckling load factors (lamda).

    Primary live load is wind loading. Effective solidity typically 25%.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Structural Analysis and Design (2)

    Natural Frequency typically >4Hz

    Stiffness of sculpture frames derived from triangulation of most members and relatively short individual member lengths.

    Full continuity at all connections


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Structural Analysis and Design (3)

    GSA derived combined axial and bending stresses C1 and C2 used to quickly establish stress state within each sculpture. Allowable stresses reduced according to qui buckling factor.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Fabrication

    Spreadsheet information and cad files fed directly to fabricators - Shop drawings were not required,

    1 to 1 templates derived from cad files used by fabricators to ensure correct member fit during fabrication

    Tight radii formed using plate sections (8mm thick) which were fully welded.

    All member to member connections FSBW (TIG welded) All welds ground back and polished.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Fixing to Bogie

    Sculptures fixed to welded platform which in turn is bolted to 323 dia spigot member. Spigot member supported by roller taper bearings at base (to support vertical load) and roller thrust bearings at top (to support horizontal loads)

    Prototype Testing

    Prototype assembly tested for static 100kNm moment during trial horizontal and rotational movement.


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    The Travellers : Sandridge Bridge Redevelopment

    Statistics

    Total length of steelwork = 3.77km

    Average sculpture weight = 2.3t

    Heaviest Sculpture = 7.7t

    No. Steel elements = 4455