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Fruits and Vegetables And everything you never thought you would learn about them…. Servings How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day? 1 - 4 cups How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day? 1 – 2 ½ cups Nutrients

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fruits and vegetables

Fruits and Vegetables

And everything you never thought you would learn about them….

servings
Servings
  • How many servings of vegetables should the average person have every day?
      • 1 - 4 cups
  • How many servings of fruit should the average person have every day?
      • 1 – 2 ½ cups
nutrients
Nutrients
  • What nutrients do we get from fruits and vegetables?
      • Carbohydrates
      • Vitamins
      • Minerals
  • Because fruits and vegetables have different vitamins and minerals, how can we ensure that we get all the different vitamins and minerals that we need?
      • Eat a wide variety
slide4
Which vegetables have the most vitamins and minerals?
      • Dark green and orange
  • Which fruits are the best choice for maximum nutrients?
      • Fresh fruits with edible peelings
serving sizes
Serving Sizes
  • Vegetable Serving Sizes
    • 1 cup leafy
    • ½ cup cooked or chopped fresh
    • ¾ cup juice
  • Fruit Serving Sizes
    • 1 medium fruit
    • ½ cup chopped raw, cooked, canned
    • ¾ cup juice (Only 100% juice counts!!)
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • How do you select a quality fruit or vegetable?
    • Appearance, feel, smell, weight
  • What are the characteristics you want to consider?
      • Color
      • Firm Texture
      • Smooth skin
      • Dense (heavy for size)
      • Free from bruises
      • No decay
      • Smells good
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables7
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • What does it mean if a fruit is seasonal?
      • Grown and harvested during a certain season.
  • Why is it a good reason to buy seasonal fruits in season?
      • Lower cost, plentiful, and quality is better
  • How long will most fruit last after it is picked?
      • 1 week
  • What are some ways to preserve fruits?
      • Jam, jelly, canned, syrup, juice, and frozen
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables8
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • When selecting fruit at the store, what should you consider when deciding what form to buy?
      • Your intended use and price
  • Why are some fruits picked ripe?
      • They ripen best on the vine or tree; Don’t ripen well off the tree
  • Which fruits are generally picked ripe?
      • Oranges, apples, grapefruit
  • Why are some fruits picked when they are green or unripe?
      • Ripen well after they are picked; may fall off the tree if you wait and will get bruised
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables9
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • What fruits are generally picked green or unripe?
      • Pears, peaches, bananas, cantaloupe, watermelon
  • How can you ripen fruits after buying them?
      • In a brown paper sack or in plastic with holes poked in it
  • How should most produce be stored?
      • Room temperature
  • Where is the place that most fruits should not be stored?
      • In the fridge
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables10
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • Where should potatoes and onions be stored?
      • Room temperature in a very dark and dry place
  • Why is it important to wash vegetables and fruits before eating them?
      • Wash off pesticides and waxes
  • Why do most fruits turn brown when they are cut?
      • Oxidation or enzymatic browning
  • How can you prevent fruit from turning brown after it is cut?
      • Dip them in a citrus juice or liquid with ascorbic acid
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables11
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • How does cooking affect fruits and vegetables?
      • Destroys vitamins, breaks down cell walls, enhances flavor
  • What three things destroy the nutrients in fruits and vegetables?
      • Heat
      • Air
      • Water
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables12
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • How can you avoid nutrient loss when cooking?
      • Cook in larger pieces
      • Use small amounts of water
      • Cook only until fork tender
      • Cook quickly
  • How can you use some of the nutrients that are taken out during cooking?
      • Save the water and use it in gravies, sauces, and breads
selecting and preparing fruits and vegetables13
Selecting and Preparing Fruits and Vegetables
  • What are the two best ways for cooking vegetables to preserve the most nutrients?
      • Microwave
      • Stir-fry
  • What is the procedure for poaching a fruit?
      • Make a sugar water solution; bring to a boil, cook whole fruit in the boiling sugar water
  • What is the procedure for making applesauce?
      • Add the sugar after you have cooked and softened the small pieces of apple
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