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Federal Response Agencies Plans and Programs for Animal Disease Emergencies. Federal Agencies. U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services Emergency Management and Diagnostics National Center for Animal Health Emergency Management

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Presentation Transcript
federal agencies
Federal Agencies
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
    • Animal and Plant HealthInspection Service (APHIS)
      • Veterinary Services
      • Emergency Management and Diagnostics
        • National Center for Animal Health Emergency Management
        • National Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

livestock quarantine stations
Livestock Quarantine Stations
  • Import quarantine of livestock and poultry
    • 4 facilities
    • 2002, livestock imports
      • 1.5 million cattle
      • 5.8 million pigs
  • Personally owned birds
    • 6 quarantine facilities

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

usda aphis vs diagnostic laboratories
USDA-APHIS-VSDiagnostic Laboratories
  • Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (FADDL)
    • Plum Island, NY
    • Provide diagnosticservices and training
  • National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL)
    • Ames, IA

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

national animal health laboratory network nahln
National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN)

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

usda personnel in iowa
USDA Personnel in Iowa
  • Area Veterinarian In Charge (AVIC)
    • Dr. Kevin Petersburg
  • 9-Federal Veterinary Medical Officers
    • All are Foreign Animal Disease Diagnosticians
  • Area Emergency Coordinator
    • Dr. Stephen Goff
      • Iowa, Nebraska

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

slide7

USDA Federal Veterinary Medical Officers (VMO)

Dr. Kevin Petersburg, Area Veterinarian In Charge (AVIC)

Work: 515-284-4140

Dr. Pamela Smith

Dr. Tim Smith

Dr. Gary E. Eiben

Osceola

Lyon

Dickinson

Emmet

Kossuth

Winnebago

Worth

Mitchell

Howard

Winneshiek

Allamakee

Sioux

O'Brien

Clay

Palo Alto

Hancock

Cerro

Gordo

Floyd

Chickasaw

Dr. Neil Rippke

Fayette

Clayton

Butler

Pocahontas

Buena

Vista

Franklin

Bremer

Wright

Plymouth

Cherokee

Humboldt

Webster

Buchanan

Dubuque

Delaware

Black Hawk

Woodbury

Ida

Sac

Calhoun

Hamilton

Grundy

Hardin

Dr. Sharon Fairchild

Tama

Benton

Linn

Jones

Jackson

Dr. John Schiltz

Monona

Crawford

Carroll

Greene

Boone

Marshall

Story

Clinton

Cedar

Shelby

Harrison

Jasper

Audubon

Guthrie

Poweshiek

Iowa

Dallas

Polk

Johnson

Scott

Muscatine

Pottawattamie

Cass

Madison

Adair

Warren

Marion

Mahaska

Keokuk

Washington

Louisa

Mills

Montgomery

Lucas

Monroe

Wapello

Henry

Adams

Union

Clarke

Jefferson

Dr. R.E. Welander

Des

Moines

Dr. James Johnson

Ringgold

Wayne

Appanoose

Fremont

Page

Taylor

Decatur

Davis

Van Buren

Lee

Dr. Don Otto

February. 2008

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

u s department of homeland security dhs
U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
  • Customs and Border Protection
    • 317 ports of entry into US
    • Monitor for imported animal and plant material
    • Over 40,000 employees
      • 3,000 agriculture specialists
        • 1 million conveyances
        • 83 million passengers
        • 3.6 million cargo inspections
  • U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

dhs beagle brigade
DHS Beagle Brigade
  • 141 detector dog teams in the U.S.
    • 24 at int’l airports
    • 9 at ports of entry on land
    • 9 at int’l mail facilities
  • 2002, 8 million passengers searched
    • Over 22,000 vehicles and43,000 aircraft
  • 75,000 interceptions annually

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

veterinary response teams
Veterinary Response Teams
  • National Veterinary Response Teams (NVRT)
  • Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams (VMAT)
  • National Animal Health Emergency Response Corps (NAHERC)

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

hspd 9
HSPD-9
  • Homeland Security Presidential Directive #9: Management of Domestic Incidents
  • January 30, 2004
    • National policy to defend the nation’s agriculture and food system against terrorist attacks, major disasters and other emergencies
    • Develop a National Veterinary Stockpile

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

national veterinary stockpile
National Veterinary Stockpile
  • HSPD-9 (Jan 30, 2004)
    • National repository of critical veterinary supplies
      • Vaccine, antiviral, drugs
      • PPE kits
    • Deploying within 24 hours
    • Support response efforts for 40 days

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

national animal identification system nais
National Animal Identification System (NAIS)
  • National program
  • Created to identify and track livestock
  • State to state consistency
  • More rapid tracing of animals in disease outbreak
  • Maintain contact information that can be accessed in case of an animal health emergency to speed notification Starts with premise ID
    • Followed by Animal ID

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

other federal agencies
Other Federal Agencies
  • Department of Homeland Security
    • FEMA – Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • Department of Justice
    • Law enforcement activities
  • Department of State
    • International response activities
  • Department of Defense
    • Authorizes Defense Support of Civil Authorities

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

national response framework

National Response Framework

Animal Disease Emergencies

national response framework16
National Response Framework
  • Released January 2008
    • Successor of NRP
    • Effective March 22, 2008
  • All-hazards approach
  • Unified; All-discipline
  • Flexible and scalable
  • Best practices and procedures
  • Allows Federal, State, local and tribal governments and the private sector to work together

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

nrf applicability and scope
NRF Applicability and Scope
  • Provides national operational/resource coordination framework for domestic incident management of national significance
  • Details federal incident management structure/coordination processes
  • Details overarching roles and responsibilities

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

national response framework18
National Response Framework
  • A basic premise
    • Incidents are handled at the lowest jurisdictional level possible
  • Emphasis on local response and identifying personnel responsible for incident management at the local level
    • E.g., police, fire, public health,medical or emergency management
    • Private sector is key partner

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

nrf components
NRF Components
  • Core document
    • Structure and process
  • Emergency Support Function Annexes
    • Federal resources and capabilities
    • Functional Areas
  • Support Annexes
    • Support aspects common to all incidents
  • Incident Annexes
    • Unique aspects of select incidents
  • Partner Guides
    • Ready references describing key roles for local, tribal, State, Federal and private sector response

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

slide20

The 15 ESFs

Slide used with permission from Dr. Dahna Batts, CDC/COCA.

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

response five key principles
Response: Five Key Principles
  • Engaged partnership
  • Tiered response
  • Scalable, flexible and adaptable operational capabilities
  • Unity of effort through unified command
  • Readiness to act

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

local roles and responsibilities
Local Roles and Responsibilities
  • Chief Elected or Appointed Official
    • Ensure public safety and welfare
    • Provide strategic guidance and resources
    • Coordinate resources within jurisdictions, among adjacent jurisdictions, with private sector
  • Emergency Manager
    • Oversees emergency programs and activities
    • Coordinate jurisdiction capabilities
  • Department and Agency Heads
    • Perform emergency management functions
      • Local emergency plans, provide response resources

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

local roles and responsibilities23
Local Roles and Responsibilities
  • Individuals and Households
    • Reduce hazards in and around their homes
    • Prepare an emergency supply kit and household emergency plan
    • Monitor emergency communications carefully
    • Volunteer with an established organization
    • Enroll in emergency response training courses

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

local roles and responsibilities24
Local Roles and Responsibilities
  • Private Sector Organizations
    • Welfare and protection of employees
    • Maintain essential services
      • Water, power, communications, transportation, medical care, security
    • Stay involved in local crisis decision making process
  • NGO – Nongovernmental Organizations
    • Provide sheltering, emergency food spplies, counseling, etc.
    • Provide specialized services for those with special needs

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

the food and agriculture incident annex
The Food and Agriculture Incident Annex
  • Detect event
  • Establish primarycoordinating agency
  • Determine source ofthe incident or outbreak
  • Control distributionof the affected source
  • Identify and protect the population at risk
  • Assess public health, food, agriculture, and law enforcement implications
  • Assess any residual contamination and decontaminate and dispose as necessary

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

for more information
For More Information
  • NRF Resource Center
    • http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nrf/mainindex.htm
  • NRF Brochure
    • http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/about_nrf.pdf
  • NRF Fact Sheet
    • http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/NRFOnePageFactSheet.pdf
  • NRF Frequently Asked Questions
    • http://www.fema.gov/pdf/emergency/nrf/NRF_FAQ.pdf

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008

acknowledgments
Acknowledgments

Development of this presentationwas funded by a grant from theIowa Homeland Securityand Emergency Management andthe Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship to theCenter for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University.

Contributing Authors: Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH, DACVPM; Danelle Bickett-Weddle, DVM, MPH, DACVPM; Gayle Brown, DVM, PhD

Animal Disease Emergency Local Response Preparedness, 2008