Engineering Basics Project development
engineering • the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and the convenience of humans. • For specific articles on various engineering disciplines See also: Chemical engineering; Civil engineering; Electrical engineering; Industrial engineering; Manufacturing engineering; Marine engineering; Mechanical engineering; Methods engineering; Mining; Nuclear engineering; … Joseph W. Barker, "Engineering", AccessScience@McGraw-Hill,2000 http://www.accessscience.com, DOI 10.1036/1097-8542.233600. (accessed: 9/14/2005)
College of Engineering • 7 departments • BENG (Biological Engineering) • CSCE (Computer Science & Computer Engineering) • CHEG (Chemical Engineering) • CVEG (Civil Engineering) • ELEG (Electrical Engineering) • INEG (Industrial Engineering) • MEEG (Mechanical Engineering) Plus –5 research centers Many interdisciplinary programs
Basic Engineering Reference • Can you tell me the basics tools for reference for the College of Arts and Sciences? • How can we help the undergraduate engineering student be successful in their course work?
Engineering assignments are often Project Based • Group work. • Focused on design. • Not necessarily discussed in class. • Often used to teach BOTH skills and knowledge.
Project information • Starting – Background and Getting Ideas • Designing – Asking Generic Questions • Finalizing – Specific Answers Needed
Resources for assignment details • Ask Ms. Clark • Class guides • WebCT • Assignment sheets
Reference Interview • Inquire as to the course level. • Inquire as to the discipline. • Ask the student to “define” the project. • Ask the student “at what point” are they in the project.
Starting – Background • Same type of information and reference interaction as someone starting any research paper. • What item or system are you working with? • What are you trying to do with that system or item? • Encyclopedias • History of technology • EBSCO and ProQuest databases • Trade journals, popular science magazines • Don’t forget the business resources Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology 5th editions vol 1-10 here, others being publishedTP9 .K54 2004 Reference MAINEncyclopedia of chemical technology (Kirk-Othmer) 4th edition, 1991TP9 .E685 1991 Reference MAINEncyclopedia of chemical technology (Kirk-Othmer) 3rd edition, 1978 TP9 .E685 1978 MAIN -- may be checked out!!!!!
Designing – Asking Questions • What components of the system have you decided to work with? • What are your design parameters? • What are you design constraints? • Handbooks for data • Standards for parameters and constraints • Literature for current research (if needed) • Patent resources • Trade journals for current techniques
Finalizing – Specific Answers Needed • Journal literature • Handbook data • Patents • May need to refer them to me and/or another science librarian at this point depending on the need.
Example One: MEEG 2303 -- Introduction to Materials • A Report on the Evolution of Design, Materials and Processes Used in the Manufacture of... • Diesel Engines • Heart Pacemakers • Golf Balls • Roller Skates • Parasails • Heat Sinks for Microchips • Hunting Rifles • Earthmoving Equipment • Hi-Fi Audio Consoles • Space Suits • Hip Implants • Beverage Containers
Example One: MEEG 2303 These projects offer you a wide spectrum of topics - from engineering components and electronic equipment to consumer appliances and sports gear - involving a variety of materials, their properties and manufacturing techniques.They give you a chance to see and delve into the close inter-relationship that exists between the choice of a material, its various properties, the requirements of a given application, methods of manufacturing the required shapes, and the design rules that take into account all these factors. This is essentially a process of “reverse engineering” of the most successful design, materials and process selection.
Example One: MEEG 2303 • Step One – Background • What is the history of your system/product? • What materials are used in it? • Basic dates and people involved in the development of the product? Suggested resources: Depends on topic. Books in our collection Technology of …. History of …. Encyclopedias
Example One: MEEG 2303 • Step Two – design phase • Selection/Identification of the Design Criteria that the product is expected to meet • Identify the primary function(s) of the product or component; e.g. a beam carries bending moments, a heat exchanger transmits heat, a busbar conducts electric current, etc. • Identify the objective(s) of the design; e.g., minimize weight, maximize energy storage capacity, maximize fracture toughness, etc. • Analysis of the Design Criteria to define the Selection Rules for materials • Identify constraint(s) - design requirements that must be met, which may limit the optimization process; e.g. a maximum operating temperature, pressure or torque, minimum stiffness, maximum cost, etc. • Application of selection rules to the Candidate Materials used. This requires student thought processes and may need more technical resources. Suggestion – technical manuals (on the web), patents, standards, encyclopedias
Example One: MEEG 2303 • Step Three -- Finalizing the design • May need diagrams • General ones available in encyclopedias and text books • Specific ones may be found in patents and/or company web sites • May want reference to new research in the area • Depends on the field which database to use • May need standards • We only have some of the ASTM • IEEExplore includes the IEEE standards (20K year) • We are filling in gaps for transportation related
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design Pick a chemical from a recent issue of C&E News. Design a plant to make this chemical Write a report and include the following information
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design • Step One – background • What is the compound? • Encourage the use of CAS RNs (Chemical Abstract Registry Numbers) • What is the class of compound? Type of chemical? • How is it made? • General chemical reaction type • Is it currently made? • Who makes it? Kirk-Othmer or Ullmanns are excellent resources to start Chemical Market Reporter C&E News Economic Census Business resources
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design • Chemical Data • Thermodynamic data • Knovel • DECHEMA • DIPPR • NIST Web Book • Reaction information • CA (SciFinder Scholar) • Environmental information for waste stream and side products • EPA • Toxline • Appropriate databases once the chemicals are identified
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design • Business Data • Cost of chemical • Chemical Market Reporter (and associated tools) • Sales possibilities • C&E News, EbscoHost, ProQuest • Basic business plans • Regulations • Lexis Nexis
Future attractions • Bruce Cary – Engineering Village and Referex – Next week, same time, same place • Information Breaks -- Knovel, Nov 29, 4 to 5, Bell 238 • Knovel – Oct 11 • Standards and other numbered engineering documents (spring)
Standards • ASTM • Search Annual Book of ASTM • Index is kept at Reference Desk • We only get about 1/3 of the set • IEEE standards • Available through IEEExplore • ASHTO • Books added to collection • ASABE (was ASAE) • Available through electronic subscription
Specifications and Drawings • MIL Specs (also know as Military Standards) • Available via various web services • NIST (use to be NBS) – National Institute of Standards and Technology • Print and web resources