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Engineering Basics Project development engineering the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and the convenience of humans.

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engineering basics

Engineering Basics

Project development

engineering
engineering
  • the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and the convenience of humans.
  • For specific articles on various engineering disciplines See also: Chemical engineering; Civil engineering; Electrical engineering; Industrial engineering; Manufacturing engineering; Marine engineering; Mechanical engineering; Methods engineering; Mining; Nuclear engineering; …

Joseph W. Barker, "Engineering", AccessScience@McGraw-Hill,2000 http://www.accessscience.com, DOI 10.1036/1097-8542.233600. (accessed: 9/14/2005)

college of engineering
College of Engineering
  • 7 departments
    • BENG (Biological Engineering)
    • CSCE (Computer Science & Computer Engineering)
    • CHEG (Chemical Engineering)
    • CVEG (Civil Engineering)
    • ELEG (Electrical Engineering)
    • INEG (Industrial Engineering)
    • MEEG (Mechanical Engineering)

Plus –5 research centers

Many interdisciplinary programs

basic engineering reference
Basic Engineering Reference
  • Can you tell me the basics tools for reference for the College of Arts and Sciences?
  • How can we help the undergraduate engineering student be successful in their course work?
engineering assignments are often project based
Engineering assignments are often Project Based
  • Group work.
  • Focused on design.
  • Not necessarily discussed in class.
  • Often used to teach BOTH skills and knowledge.
project information
Project information
  • Starting – Background and Getting Ideas
  • Designing – Asking Generic Questions
  • Finalizing – Specific Answers Needed
resources for assignment details
Resources for assignment details
  • Ask Ms. Clark
  • Class guides
  • WebCT
  • Assignment sheets
reference interview
Reference Interview
  • Inquire as to the course level.
  • Inquire as to the discipline.
  • Ask the student to “define” the project.
  • Ask the student “at what point” are they in the project.
starting background
Starting – Background
  • Same type of information and reference interaction as someone starting any research paper.
    • What item or system are you working with?
    • What are you trying to do with that system or item?
  • Encyclopedias
  • History of technology
  • EBSCO and ProQuest databases
    • Trade journals, popular science magazines
  • Don’t forget the business resources

Kirk-Othmer encyclopedia of chemical technology  5th editions vol 1-10 here, others being publishedTP9 .K54 2004  Reference MAINEncyclopedia of chemical technology  (Kirk-Othmer) 4th edition, 1991TP9 .E685 1991 Reference MAINEncyclopedia of chemical technology  (Kirk-Othmer) 3rd edition, 1978 TP9 .E685 1978 MAIN -- may be checked out!!!!!

designing asking questions
Designing – Asking Questions
  • What components of the system have you decided to work with?
  • What are your design parameters?
  • What are you design constraints?
  • Handbooks for data
  • Standards for parameters and constraints
  • Literature for current research (if needed)
  • Patent resources
  • Trade journals for current techniques
finalizing specific answers needed
Finalizing – Specific Answers Needed
  • Journal literature
  • Handbook data
  • Patents
  • May need to refer them to me and/or another science librarian at this point depending on the need.
example one meeg 2303 introduction to materials
Example One: MEEG 2303 -- Introduction to Materials
  • A Report on the Evolution of Design, Materials and Processes Used in the Manufacture of...
      • Diesel Engines
      • Heart Pacemakers
      • Golf Balls
      • Roller Skates
      • Parasails
      • Heat Sinks for Microchips
      • Hunting Rifles
      • Earthmoving Equipment
      • Hi-Fi Audio Consoles
      • Space Suits
      • Hip Implants
      • Beverage Containers
example one meeg 2303
Example One: MEEG 2303

These projects offer you a wide spectrum of topics - from engineering components and electronic equipment to consumer appliances and sports gear - involving a variety of materials, their properties and manufacturing techniques.They give you a chance to see and delve into the close inter-relationship that exists between the choice of a material, its various properties, the requirements of a given application, methods of manufacturing the required shapes, and the design rules that take into account all these factors. This is essentially a process of “reverse engineering” of the most successful design, materials and process selection.

example one meeg 230314
Example One: MEEG 2303
  • Step One – Background
    • What is the history of your system/product?
    • What materials are used in it?
    • Basic dates and people involved in the development of the product?

Suggested resources:

Depends on topic.

Books in our collection

Technology of ….

History of ….

Encyclopedias

example one meeg 230315
Example One: MEEG 2303
  • Step Two – design phase
    • Selection/Identification of the Design Criteria that the product is expected to meet
      • Identify the primary function(s) of the product or component; e.g. a beam carries bending moments, a heat exchanger transmits heat, a busbar conducts electric current, etc.
      • Identify the objective(s) of the design; e.g., minimize weight, maximize energy storage capacity, maximize fracture toughness, etc.
    • Analysis of the Design Criteria to define the Selection Rules for materials
      • Identify constraint(s) - design requirements that must be met, which may limit the optimization process; e.g. a maximum operating temperature, pressure or torque, minimum stiffness, maximum cost, etc.
    • Application of selection rules to the Candidate Materials used.

This requires student thought processes and may need more technical resources. Suggestion – technical manuals (on the web), patents, standards, encyclopedias

example one meeg 230316
Example One: MEEG 2303
  • Step Three -- Finalizing the design
    • May need diagrams
      • General ones available in encyclopedias and text books
      • Specific ones may be found in patents and/or company web sites
    • May want reference to new research in the area
      • Depends on the field which database to use
    • May need standards
      • We only have some of the ASTM
      • IEEExplore includes the IEEE standards (20K year)
      • We are filling in gaps for transportation related
example 2 cheg 4413 project design
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design

Pick a chemical from a recent issue of C&E News.

Design a plant to make this chemical

Write a report and include the following information

example 2 cheg 4413 project design18
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design
  • Step One – background
    • What is the compound?
      • Encourage the use of CAS RNs (Chemical Abstract Registry Numbers)
    • What is the class of compound? Type of chemical?
    • How is it made?
      • General chemical reaction type
    • Is it currently made?
    • Who makes it?

Kirk-Othmer or Ullmanns are excellent resources to start

Chemical Market Reporter

C&E News

Economic Census

Business resources

example 2 cheg 4413 project design19
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design
  • Chemical Data
    • Thermodynamic data
      • Knovel
      • DECHEMA
      • DIPPR
      • NIST Web Book
    • Reaction information
      • CA (SciFinder Scholar)
    • Environmental information for waste stream and side products
      • EPA
      • Toxline
      • Appropriate databases once the chemicals are identified
example 2 cheg 4413 project design20
Example 2: CHEG 4413 – Project Design
  • Business Data
    • Cost of chemical
      • Chemical Market Reporter (and associated tools)
    • Sales possibilities
      • C&E News, EbscoHost, ProQuest
    • Basic business plans
    • Regulations
      • Lexis Nexis
future attractions
Future attractions
  • Bruce Cary – Engineering Village and Referex – Next week, same time, same place
  • Information Breaks -- Knovel, Nov 29, 4 to 5, Bell 238
  • Knovel – Oct 11
  • Standards and other numbered engineering documents (spring)
standards
Standards
  • ASTM
    • Search Annual Book of ASTM
    • Index is kept at Reference Desk
    • We only get about 1/3 of the set
  • IEEE standards
    • Available through IEEExplore
  • ASHTO
    • Books added to collection
  • ASABE (was ASAE)
    • Available through electronic subscription
specifications and drawings
Specifications and Drawings
  • MIL Specs (also know as Military Standards)
    • Available via various web services
  • NIST (use to be NBS) – National Institute of Standards and Technology
    • Print and web resources