Educational Research Chapter 2. Types of Educational Research. Quantitative – positivism – discover general principles and apply them to predict human behavior Qualitative – phenomenology – understand human behavior by focusing on the meanings that events have for the people involved.
-develop new theories or test existing ones – Why does one forget?
-aimed at solving specific problems encountered everyday – What is the most effective means of remediation for kids falling behind?
– obtain empirical data to formulate and expand theory – example – the laws of learning or reinforcement
– carried out for the purpose of solving practical problems – example – how the laws of learning or reinforcement operate in the classroom
Construct – an abstraction from observed events – example - intelligence. Constructs may be defined by:
constitutive definition is a formal definition in which a term is defined by using other terms - example - intelligence is the ability to think abstractly
operational definition ascribes meaning to a concept or construct by specifying the operations that must be performed in order to measure or manipulate the concept- example – intelligence is defined as score on Stanford Binet Test of Intelligence