Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Comparison of Food security and Agriculture Sustainability in Nepal – Adopters of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) verse

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Comparison of Food security and Agriculture Sustainability in Nepal – Adopters of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) verse - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Comparison of Food security and Agriculture Sustainability in Nepal – Adopters of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) verses Non-adopters Amir Poudel Graduate Student Background Pesticide Use in Nepal

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Comparison of Food security and Agriculture Sustainability in Nepal – Adopters of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) verse' - johana

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Comparison of Food security and Agriculture Sustainability in Nepal – Adopters of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) verses Non-adopters

Amir PoudelGraduate Student


Pesticide Use in Nepal

- Usage of already banned pesticides such as DDT in Nepal- Significant use of other pesticides in areas nearby cities poses greatest risk to public health- Economic cost associated with pesticide and fertilizer uses is high

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

- IPM is a system that controls pests and contributes to long-term sustainability by minimizing the risks of pesticides to human health and the environment (Sorensen, 1994).

- Uses local resources and knowledge

Farmers’ Field School (FFS)

FFS are schools where Integrated Pest Management technology is taught to the farmers

IPM in Nepal

National plant protection strategy of Nepal since 1997 implemented in 64 out of 75 districts. In only 2006/07 400 total (221 for vegetables, 131 for rice, 48 for coffee and rest for other crops)

research objectives

Consultation with local stakeholders

District selection

  • Government publication
  • Study reports
  • District profile
  • Other publication
  • Kavrepalanchok
  • Bhaktapur
  • Chitwan
  • Kaski
  • Kanchanpur
  • Civil Society Organization (NGOs, Academic, INGOs etc)
  • Community based organization
  • Youth clubs
  • Local leaders

Household survey



Household section

IPM Adapters (160)

Non – Adapters (157)

Semi-structured Interview

Seasonal calendar

Data Analysis

Data Collection


Sharing of the results

Before and After

With and Without

Research objectives
  • to study the level of reduction in input of chemical pesticides and fertilizers due to IPM
  • to investigate the effect of IPM adoption on household food security
  • to investigate the contribution of IPM on agricultural sustainability


study findings socio economic
Study findings – Socio-economic

EXPENDITURE IN AGRICULTURE : Average annual expenditure on agriculture for non-adapters ($661.56 ) is higher than adapters ($ 420.03).

EXPENDITURE IN PESTICDES : Adapters spend nearly 3.2 times lesser than non-adapters

EXPENDITURE IN EDUCATION: Adapters spend 1.7 more on education of family members than non-adapters

Pesticide use

Reduction of 92.90 percent in Oilseed, 95.83 percent in potato, 90.20 in other vegetables and 82.22 percent in wheat after adapting the technology

Non-adapters used more pesticides than adapters: 95.84 percent more for paddy, 86.63 more for potato and 80.86 more for other vegetables

food security
Food security

Change in pesticide use (Subjective)

Food Availability and sufficiency

  • Adapters reported increase in the production of agricultural commodities which increased the quantity of food availability to households
  • Number of food available months from self production was nearly same between adapters and non-adapters
  • Adapters reported increase in the number of food available months but the change was not remarkable

Food access

  • Both adapters and non-adapters have easier access to food
  • Majority of the samples belonged to upper caste households who have better income, asset value and near proximity to market
  • Average distance to nearest road was 250 meters – better access to food
Food Utilization

- Among the three aspects of food security considered, IPM had slightly more positive impact on the food utilization aspect- Adapters have better nutrition distribution for children and pregnant women in the household compared to non-adapters- Adapters took more variety of food products for lunch and dinner during both summer and winter compared to non-adapters- Adapters were more aware in the need to produce better quality food products compared to non-adapter

Social impacts

agricultural sustainability

Agricultural Sustainability


Social and political

Agricultural Sustainability

Agricultural sustainability was assessed on the basis of the model postulated by (Cernea, 1991) and (DFID, 2002)

Ecological – reduced use of chemicals during farming enhanced the status of agro-biodiversity of the farming communitiesEconomic: Increased production after adoption, no significant changes in the income from agriculture, enhanced socio-economic statusSocial and political : Increased level of social networking, increased decision making capacity esp. of women, increased employment opportunities, wider political acceptance of the programs (64/75 distrits of Nepal)

  • Adapters significantly reduced the quantity of pesticide and fertilizer use after switching to the technology
  • Households reported satisfaction with the agricultural practice upon adapting the technology
  • IPM had several positive impacts on the food security situation of the households especially on the food utilization aspect
  • Economic costs associated with agricultural production was decreased after adoption
  • IPM positively contributed to the social development of the adapters
  • Sustainable agriculture was being practiced by the adapters of the technology


  • The IPM program should be replicated in many other places of the country and the region
  • Access of the IPM to ethnic minority and socially deprived population should be addressed properly
ipm in clf model
Positive impact on agro-biodiversity


Increased demand for adoption

Healthier food production system

Health benefits from reduced exposure to chemicals

Use of local resources and knowledge

Limitation of the study

IPM in CLF Model

Sampling was not possible in the Eastern development region (EDR) of the country due to political unrestHousehold selection depended upon households with FFS (which mainly included areas with highest usage of chemical pesticides)

  • Dr. Birendra B. Basnyat
  • Dr. Shannon Doccy
  • Dr. Eileen Mcgurty
  • Dr. David Elbert
  • Other friends, colleagues and organizations who directly and indirectly helped the research
thank you
Thank you

Questions ?