mcdst 70 271 supporting users and troubleshooting a microsoft windows xp operating system
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MCDST 70-271: Supporting Users and Troubleshooting a Microsoft Windows XP Operating System Chapter 6: Configure and Troubleshoot Local User and Group Accounts Objectives Understand user accounts on Windows XP Understand the default user accounts Create and manage local user accounts

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mcdst 70 271 supporting users and troubleshooting a microsoft windows xp operating system

MCDST 70-271: Supporting Users and Troubleshooting a Microsoft Windows XP Operating System

Chapter 6: Configure and Troubleshoot Local User and Group Accounts

objectives
Objectives
  • Understand user accounts on Windows XP
  • Understand the default user accounts
  • Create and manage local user accounts
  • Work with the Local Users and Groups tool

Guide to MCDST 70-271

objectives continued
Objectives (continued)
  • Use groups
  • Troubleshoot issues with user accounts
  • Understand user rights

Guide to MCDST 70-271

windows xp professional user accounts
Windows XP Professional User Accounts
  • Local user account
    • Exists on a single computer
    • Cannot be used to gain domain access of any kind
  • Local groups
    • Exist only on the computer on which they were created

Guide to MCDST 70-271

windows xp professional user accounts continued
Windows XP Professional User Accounts (continued)
  • Windows XP Professional local user account stores details about
    • Security
    • Preferences
  • Domain user account
    • Exists in a domain or in any trusting domain by virtue of being created on a domain controller

Guide to MCDST 70-271

how accounts interact with a windows xp professional system
How Accounts Interact with a Windows XP Professional System
  • Standalone system, automatic logon
  • Standalone system
  • Workgroup member
  • Domain network client

Guide to MCDST 70-271

default user accounts of windows xp
Default User Accounts of Windows XP
  • Administrator account
    • Most powerful user account within Windows XP
    • Characteristics
      • Cannot be deleted
      • Cannot be locked out
      • Can be disabled
      • Can have a blank password

Guide to MCDST 70-271

default user accounts of windows xp continued9
Default User Accounts of Windows XP (continued)
  • Guest Account
    • One of the least privileged user accounts in Windows XP
    • Characteristics
      • Cannot be deleted
      • Can be locked out
      • Can be disabled
      • Can have a blank password

Guide to MCDST 70-271

managing local user accounts
Managing Local User Accounts
  • To create a local representation of an existing domain/network user account
    • Use the Add button on the User Accounts applet
  • Local Users and Groups utility
    • Accessed through the Advanced button on the Advanced tab of the User Accounts applet

Guide to MCDST 70-271

local users and groups tool
Local Users and Groups Tool
  • Used to create and manage local users
  • Accessed by pressing the Advanced button on the Advanced tab of the User Accounts applet

Guide to MCDST 70-271

users node
Users Node
  • Displays all existing local user accounts
  • HelpAssistant and Support accounts
    • Used to enable Remote Assistance and online Help and Support Services, respectively
  • Details pane lists:
    • Name of the user account
    • Full name of the user
    • Description of the account

Guide to MCDST 70-271

users node continued
Users Node (continued)

Guide to MCDST 70-271

users node continued16
Users Node (continued)

Guide to MCDST 70-271

users node continued17
Users Node (continued)

Guide to MCDST 70-271

supporting more than one user
Supporting More Than One User
  • Multiple-user systems
    • Operating systems that can support more than one user
    • Implemented in Windows XP through
      • Groups
      • Resources
      • Policies
      • Profiles

Guide to MCDST 70-271

groups node
Groups Node
  • Groups
    • Members share the privileges or restrictions of the group
    • Used to give a specific level of access to multiple users
    • Local user can be a member of multiple groups

Guide to MCDST 70-271

planning groups and system groups
Planning Groups and System Groups
  • Existing groupings that can be transformed into Windows XP groups
    • Organizational functioning units, workgroups, or departments
    • Authorized users of network programs and applications
    • Events, projects, or special assignments
    • Authorized users of network resources

Guide to MCDST 70-271

working with default groups
Working with Default Groups
  • Default groups
    • Administrators
    • Backup Operators
    • Guests
    • Network Configuration Operators
    • Power Users
    • Remote Desktop Users

Guide to MCDST 70-271

troubleshooting user accounts
Troubleshooting User Accounts
  • Most common problem associated with user accounts
    • Password issues
  • Other common user account problems
    • Misconfiguration of user account details or group membership

Guide to MCDST 70-271

user rights assignment
User Rights Assignment
  • User Rights Assignment section of a policy object
    • Defines which groups or users can perform the specific privileged action
  • Items in this policy
    • Access this computer from the network
    • Act as part of the operating system
    • Add workstations to domain
    • Adjust memory quotas for a process

Guide to MCDST 70-271

summary
Summary
  • Windows XP
    • Multiple-user operating system that supports both local and domain-based user accounts
    • Has two default user accounts: Administrator and Guest
  • Local User Accounts created and managed through two interfaces:
    • User Accounts Control Panel applet
    • Local Users and Groups tool from Computer Management

Guide to MCDST 70-271

summary continued
Summary (continued)
  • Proper use of groups
    • Will aid in simplifying complex administrative tasks
  • Troubleshooting user accounts
    • Resetting passwords when users forget them
  • User rights
    • System-level privileges that are managed through local or domain policies

Guide to MCDST 70-271

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