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CCB - Activities Enforcing Sustainable Oil Business Development in the Baltic Sea Region SOLUTIONS - Presentation at the CCB Baltic Conference 2004 – OIL TRANSFER ON THE BALTIC SEA – CONFLICTS AND SOLUTIONS Mr Gunnar Norén Executive Secretary to Coalition Clean Baltic
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Presentation at the CCB Baltic Conference 2004 – OIL TRANSFER ON THE BALTIC SEA – CONFLICTS AND SOLUTIONS
Baltic Sea Hot Spots – Hazards and Possibilities for the Baltic Sea Region”
One of the identified trends and areas of special concern for Baltic Sea environment was:
Many threats to Baltic Sea and coastal areas – new oil-terminals, harbours, etc
“ Harmful installations in the Baltic Sea Region” incl topics:
- Increased Maritime Safety for the North and the Baltic Sea- Oil Transportation and Oil Terminals in the Northern part of the Baltic Sea
- LUKOIL company: Imitation of a good image – plans for oil extraction outside Kaliningrad
A CCB Priority Area:
“Prevention of installations and transports harmful to the Baltic Sea environment and coastal areas”
*IMO – designation of the Baltic Sea as a PSSA (Particularily Sensitive Sea Area), April 2004
*Despite Russian Federation tried to stop such decision
*Next step – within Baltic Sea Region develop proposals for requirements-restrictions for Baltic Sea shipping
*Baltic shipping restrictions for PSSA, to be adopted byIMO in 2005
What will come ? Discussions start e g within HELCOM- Mandatory pilotage- Traffic routeing
Decisions on oil-transport start with spatial planning in coastal zones
CCB presented a “Future oil map of the Baltic region” in 1995
By-pass with oil pipelines from Russia to the Atlantic
Use and expand existing oil pipeline system from Russia to East-Germany, (e g to Rotterdam)
Baltic Sea would be relieved from expanded Russian oil export
Transport of oil in pipelines, on land or in the sea, is much more safe, than oil shipping transport on the sea
Agreement between EU and Russia- no more expansion of Baltic Russian oil-terminals
- Russia is guaranteed an oil-terminal at the European Atlantic coast, incl. full Russian control and same profitability for Russian oil-companies
Threats from alien aquatic species have been discussed for many years.
No concrete measures/recommendations to prevent unintentional introductions have been decided on by HELCOM
- Global Ballast Water Management Programme/IMO has developed advice on step-
wise actions for better control of ballast water
- Such actions has been adopted by some sea- areas and many countries
- Unfortunately - NO such actions for better control of ballast water has been adopted in Baltic Sea
- Mandatory information on ballast water situation for all ships arriving to all Baltic harbours ( simple fill in of formats from GloBallast Programme)