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CCB - Activities Enforcing Sustainable Oil Business Development in the Baltic Sea Region SOLUTIONS - Presentation at the CCB Baltic Conference 2004 – OIL TRANSFER ON THE BALTIC SEA – CONFLICTS AND SOLUTIONS Mr Gunnar Norén Executive Secretary to Coalition Clean Baltic

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ccb activities enforcing sustainable oil business development in the baltic sea region solutions
CCB - Activities Enforcing Sustainable Oil Business Development in the Baltic Sea RegionSOLUTIONS-

Presentation at the CCB Baltic Conference 2004 – OIL TRANSFER ON THE BALTIC SEA – CONFLICTS AND SOLUTIONS

  • Mr Gunnar Norén Executive Secretary toCoalition Clean Baltic
slide2

CCB produced in 2002 the CCB year-book

Baltic Sea Hot Spots – Hazards and Possibilities for the Baltic Sea Region”

One of the identified trends and areas of special concern for Baltic Sea environment was:

Many threats to Baltic Sea and coastal areas – new oil-terminals, harbours, etc

slide3

CCB produced in 2003 the CCB year-book

“ Harmful installations in the Baltic Sea Region” incl topics:

- Increased Maritime Safety for the North and the Baltic Sea- Oil Transportation and Oil Terminals in the Northern part of the Baltic Sea

- LUKOIL company: Imitation of a good image – plans for oil extraction outside Kaliningrad

A CCB Priority Area:

“Prevention of installations and transports harmful to the Baltic Sea environment and coastal areas”

slide4

Trends

  • - increased density of shipping in the Baltic Sea Area
  • - raised interest to buy Russian oil
  • - export of Russian oil products on the world market
  • - main expansion of Russian oil export through Baltic Sea
  • Prestige oil-tanker
  • - first loaded in Russian Primorsk-terminal
  • - later loaded, by a ship from Klaipeda, off-shore the Latvian coast outside Ventspils
slide5

Recent political decisions on Baltic Sea Oil Transport

*IMO – designation of the Baltic Sea as a PSSA (Particularily Sensitive Sea Area), April 2004

*Despite Russian Federation tried to stop such decision

*Next step – within Baltic Sea Region develop proposals for requirements-restrictions for Baltic Sea shipping

*Baltic shipping restrictions for PSSA, to be adopted byIMO in 2005

slide6

What will come ? Discussions start e g within HELCOM- Mandatory pilotage- Traffic routeing

  • - Places of refuge network in Baltic Sea
  • - Rapid response capacity - combating
  • - Double-hull vessels
  • - Strengthening of Port state control
  • ?
slide7

No Oil shipping without oil-terminals and harbours on land

Decisions on oil-transport start with spatial planning in coastal zones

CCB presented a “Future oil map of the Baltic region” in 1995

slide13

New approach to Stop expansion of Russian Oil-terminals

By-pass with oil pipelines from Russia to the Atlantic

Use and expand existing oil pipeline system from Russia to East-Germany, (e g to Rotterdam)

Baltic Sea would be relieved from expanded Russian oil export

Transport of oil in pipelines, on land or in the sea, is much more safe, than oil shipping transport on the sea

Agreement between EU and Russia- no more expansion of Baltic Russian oil-terminals

- Russia is guaranteed an oil-terminal at the European Atlantic coast, incl. full Russian control and same profitability for Russian oil-companies

Possible solution?

slide14

Alien Aquatic Species and Ballast Water

Threats from alien aquatic species have been discussed for many years.

No concrete measures/recommendations to prevent unintentional introductions have been decided on by HELCOM

- Global Ballast Water Management Programme/IMO has developed advice on step-

wise actions for better control of ballast water

- Such actions has been adopted by some sea- areas and many countries

- Unfortunately - NO such actions for better control of ballast water has been adopted in Baltic Sea

slide15

Proposals for HELCOM action:

- Mandatory information on ballast water situation for all ships arriving to all Baltic harbours ( simple fill in of formats from GloBallast Programme)