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: Block 2: THEMATIC ANALYSIS:. STEP 2: Key-Word In Context (KWIC) useful for indicating : Polysemy ( basis for disambiguation) word sense/s (shows inflexions) subordinate concepts to Keyword chosen and sub-themes

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block 2 thematic analysis
: Block 2: THEMATIC ANALYSIS:
  • STEP 2: Key-Word In Context (KWIC)useful for indicating :
    • Polysemy ( basis for disambiguation)
    • word sense/s (shows inflexions)
    • subordinate concepts to Keyword chosenand sub-themes
    • Gives first indication of “semantic environment” of key termsSoftware: HAMLET, and KWIC Freeware http://www.chs.nihon-u.ac.jp/eng_dpt/tukamoto/kwic_e.html

CTA: BLOCK 2

thematic analysis
THEMATIC ANALYSIS:
  • Using KWIC … En route to category construction
  • have access to immediate KWIC & text file itself
  • You’ve read, marked, learned and inwardly digested the content of the file.
    • Yes? You need to! And used your pen-picker? Identify a concept (e.g. CRIME)
  • OK; off we go …

CTA: BLOCK 2

kwic as precursor to ta
KWIC as precursor to TA
  • Work from General to Specific
    • Start with whole (but stripped) text : we’re getting overall picture first!
      • Work later to differentiate speaker/s, question/s
      • It helps to separate out into sub-files and to have KWIC up for swift action (eg QUICK) for use
        • You’ll need paper-and-pencil probably too
        • And file up, for swift FIND action
      • Get accustomed to semantic nets (e.g. CRIME)
        • Relations like: “is a”, “leads to” + characteristics

CTA: BLOCK 2

kwic as precursor to ta5
KWIC as precursor to TA
  • Identify macro characteristics:
    • Significant words (public, community, neighbourhood, young,vandalism, Park …)
    • Begin to group synonyms (young-youth-kids)
    • … and clusters and types
      • E.g. Public Calls: Immediate 999 / That day 10m / Can wait Cty Offr
      • Types of Crime ( account for the 27 crimes/month:
        • ½ shoplifting; Rest – HBs, Auto, Vandalism
      • So what goes on in the Park? (bad element, vandalism, youth congregate, mixed with o/s)
      • Police role

CTA: BLOCK 2

kwic as precursor to ta6
KWIC as precursor to TA
  • Pick up (implied) contrasts:
        • Civil vs criminal (crimes)
        • Sort it out themselves vs get police involved
        • Direct challenge to person vs call for police
        • Serious vs trivial
  • Pronominal Reference & Indexicality:
    • In group – Out group?
      • (who are “we” [ we’re …] police? vs “they” [they’re…] ?
  • Beginnings of cluster / themes
    • … But wait a minute …

CTA: BLOCK 2

kwic as precursor to ta7
KWIC as precursor to TA
  • When stable, consider structure of categories ... hierarchical?
    • begin to instantiate (collect instances) under categories; sorting again
    • start referencing / encoding system by dot-notation (hierarchies allow ready modification of branches)
  • Proto-Themes can be identified
    • (predication: Topic + property of topic)
    • co-occurrence within defined limits (sentence ... Answer ... interview ...)
  • Issues of reliability and validity ...
    • Multi-coder agreement (categories and instantiation).

CTA: BLOCK 2

what is a theme
WHAT IS A THEME?
    • All agree that , compared to the original text, it is:
  • Shorter (considerably reduced)
  • More Concise in content
  • Simpler (in some sense
  • Distillation (... of what?)
  • Unit (not just e.g. co-occurrence, which is “bivariate” “or INTER-relation”)

CTA: BLOCK 2

what is a theme9
WHAT IS A THEME?

CTA: BLOCK 2