ALGERIA. Northern Algeria stretches along the Mediterranean Sea. The country\'s narrow Mediterranean region has a warm climate and rich farmland. Almost all Algerians live in this region. Algiers, the country\'s capital and largest city, lies on the Mediterranean. To the south, the sun-scorched wastes of the Sahara cover more than four-fifths of Algeria. Beneath the surface of this desert area lie huge deposits of natural gas and petroleum..