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The Herald of the King para . 20-27. The Message to John Para. 20. The Message to John Para. 20. Based on the information found in Luke 3:1-2 the date is AD 26 Luke 3:2 – “word” = two different Greek words 1. “ rehma ” = spoken word (“begin the mission”)

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the herald of the king para 20 27

The Herald of the Kingpara. 20-27

The Message to John

Para. 20

the message to john para 20
The Message to JohnPara. 20

Based on the information found in Luke 3:1-2 the date is AD 26

Luke 3:2 – “word” = two different Greek words

1. “rehma” = spoken word (“begin the mission”)

2. “logos” = written, spoken, and incarnate

word

the herald of the king para 20 23

The Herald of the Kingpara. 20-23

The Message by John

Para. 21

the message by john para 21
The Message by JohnPara. 21

With para. 21 we have three columns

Mark: Servant of the Lord – quotes Mal. 3:1 to

indicate this is Israel centered

Matt. – John’s Message:

1. Repent – back to God movement

2. Kingdom…- kingdom centered

3. Be immersed – an immersion of repentance

the message by john para 211
The Message by JohnPara. 21

Luke – Human centered (“repentance unto

remission of sins” and “all flesh…”) vs.3,6

John’s dress is like Elijah

Earlier we were told John would come in the

“spirit and power of Elijah” here we are told he

dresses like Elijah

He gets a lot of attention: Mark vs. 5; Matt. vs. 5

the herald of the king para 20 231

The Herald of the KingPara. 20-23

The Explanation by John

Para. 22

the explanation by john para 22
The Explanation by JohnPara. 22

Two Stages of Inquiry by Sanhedrin

1. Observation – Sanhedrin will send out

observers to see if there is reason for concern

2. Investigation – Sanhedrin will send out a

party to investigate

Matt. vs. 7 – observing party is sent out

Jewish leaders come not to be baptized

but to observe

the explanation by john para 221
The Explanation by JohnPara. 22

Luke vs. 7- John first is talking to the multitude

When he sees the Pharisees and Sadducees he

then speaks to them

Common Jewish thought – all Jews would enter

the messianic kingdom

John tells the people not to believe this teaching

the explanation by john para 222
The Explanation by JohnPara. 22

Note: John’s play on words in Hebrew:

“stones” – אבנים

“children” – בנים

The Sanhedrin’s observing party note that John is

instructing the Jewish people what is contrary to

their teachings

Luke vs. 11- to the multitudes he teaches them to

keep only what is essential to meet your needs

the explanation by john para 223
The Explanation by JohnPara. 22

Luke vs. 13 – to the tax collectors he tells them to

not take from the people more than what is

supposed to be taken

Luke vs. 14 – to the soldiers (part of the

occupation army) he tells them:

1. Do not be violent

2. Do not forcibly take from others

3. Be content with your wages

the explanation by john para 224
The Explanation by JohnPara. 22

John is addressing the issue of excessiveness

He was telling the people to do things contrary

to their nature and office

The observers will report that John’s ministry is

significant

Remember the theme: What happens to the

herald happens to the king

the herald of the king para 20 232

The Herald of the KingPara. 20-23

The Promise by John

Para. 23

the promise by john para 23
The Promise by JohnPara. 23

Matt. vs. 11 – The one coming after John will

perform two different kinds of baptism:

1. Those who believe will be baptized by the

Spirit

2. Those who do not believe will be baptized by

the fire of judgment

the promise by john para 231
The Promise by JohnPara. 23

Baptism (Immersion)

Repent & Accept Reject & do not

Messiah Accept Messiah

Wheat (believers) Chaff (unbelievers)

Barn (kingdom) Burned Up (judgment)

Luke vs. 18 – Many other things he exhorted

at his baptism para 24
At His BaptismPara. 24

The baptism of Yeshua marks the last act of his private life and first act of his public life

Baptism Among the Jewish People

Baptism is a “key word”

Hebrew Terms

“Mikvah” (מקוה) = place of immersion

“Tvilah” (טב'לה) = immersion (not sprinkling;

not pouring)

at his baptism para 241
At His BaptismPara. 24

Greek Terms

“Bapto” = to dip or dye

“Baptizo” = to immerse (equivalent to “tvilah”)

Meaning of the word in both Hebrew and Greek

is “to immerse”

Meaning of the act or ritual = “identification”

To identify with a message, person, or group

To break from a former way of life

at his baptism para 242
At His BaptismPara. 24

Being baptized by John meant one identified with

John’s message and group of followers

Whoever John points out is the Messiah upon him

they would believe

Believer’s Baptism – one identifies with the work

of Messiah who provides salvation. Identifying

oneself with the death, burial, and resurrection

of Messiah

at his baptism para 243
At His BaptismPara. 24

All baptisms in the NT are immersions of believers

Matt. vs. 14-15 – 6 Reasons for baptism of Yeshua

1. To identify with righteousness; to fulfill the

demands of the Mosaic Law (vs.15)

2. To identify with John’s message; the kingdom

is here

3. To identify himself with believing remnant

being prepared by John

at his baptism para 244
At His BaptismPara. 24

4. To be publically made known to Israel

5. II Cor. 5:21 – To be identified with sinners

6. Acts 10:38 – To receive his anointing by the

Holy Spirit

The entire Tri-Unity appears:

1. The Father’s voice is heard: “This is my

beloved Son in whom I am well pleased”

2. The Son is being immersed

3. The Holy Spirit comes in the form of a dove

at his baptism para 245
At His BaptismPara. 24

Why does the Holy Spirit appear as a dove?

Genesis 1:2 – First mention of the Holy Spirit

מרחפת= used of a mother bird hovering over

her eggs just before they hatch

Gen. 1:2 – Spirit of God hovering over the

waters just before land appears

Midrashim – rabbis specify that it was a dove

Matt. 3:17 – the Spirit of God hovers over Messiah

just before he begins his public ministry

at his baptism para 246
At His BaptismPara. 24

God the Father identifies himself with the

Messianic Son of Psalm 2

“Bat Kol” (בת קול) = “daughter of a voice”

This became a technical term by the rabbis for

God’s voice from heaven

Rabbinic Thought – God’s voice ceased with

Malachi; the next prophet to arise on the scene

would be Elijah who would tell the Jewish people

of the coming Messiah

at his baptism para 247
At His BaptismPara. 24

This did not mean God would be silent:

In rabbinic thought periodically God would

speak out of heaven but not give a long

discourse

What he would say would be one or two

sentences but no more

This fits well with the immersion of Yeshua in

Jewish thought

at his baptism para 248
At His BaptismPara. 24

Two things occur with the immersion of Yeshua:

1. He is identified with God the Father to be the

Messianic Son (Psalm 2)

2. He is anointed by the Holy Spirit for service

Luke vs. 23 – Yeshua begins his ministry at about

30 years of age (not exactly 30)

the approval of the king para 24 271

The Approval of the KingPara. 24-27

Through the Temptation

Para. 25

through the temptation para 25
Through the TemptationPara. 25

The connection between Para. 25 and 24 should not be missed

1. Para. 24 – Yeshua declared to be the Son of God

Para. 25 – Yeshua must prove himself to be the

Son of God

2. Para. 24 – Yeshua came to “fulfill all

righteousness”

Para. 25 – Yeshua’s righteousness will be tested

through the temptation para 251
Through the TemptationPara. 25

The temptation of Yeshua was part of God’s

divine plan:

Mark vs. 12 – “the Spirit driveth him forth into

the wilderness”

Matt. vs. 1 – “Yeshua led up of the Spirit”

Luke vs. 1 – “Yeshua full of the Holy Spirit”

“Yeshua was led by the Spirit”

Mark vs. 13 – He was in the wilderness for 40

days but no details are given

through the temptation para 252
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Matt. & Luke:

They give us details of the temptation

The order of the temptation is different

Luke gives us the correct chronology

Matt. focuses on the kingdom so the kingdom

temptation is last

through the temptation para 253
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Purpose of the Temptation

From God’s perspective – Proves the sinlessness

of Yeshua

From Satan’s perspective – Cause him to sin so

as to disqualify him from making the atonement

Two separate representative roles in Messiah’s

temptation:

1. Representative role with Israel – where Israel

failed, Messiah did not fail

2. Representative role with believers – Messiah shows

us how we should deal with temptation

through the temptation para 254
Through the TemptationPara. 25

5 Ways Messiah Represents Israel:

1. Term “Son of God” is used: it is used of both

Messiah and Israel (Ex. 4:22-23)

2. Testings of both Messiah and Israel occur in

the wilderness (I Cor. 10:1-13)

3. Both are connected with the number 40

(Mark vs. 13)

4. The presence of the Holy Spirit is in both

events (Isa. 63:7-14)

5. Deut. only book quoted by Yeshua

Deut. Is God’s covenantal agreement with Israel

Messiah as representative of Israel restates this

covenantal relationship in the midst of temptation

through the temptation para 255
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Yeshua’s representative role with believers:

showing us how to deal with temptation

Hebrews 4:15

“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who had been tempted in every way (“in all respects”), just as we are—yet was without sin.”

through the temptation para 256
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Heb. 4:15: “in all respects” does not mean, “with

the same temptations”

Yeshua was tempted to turn stones to bread; we

are not tempted to do this

We are tempted to waste our time with frivolous

things; Yeshua was not tempted to do that

through the temptation para 257
Through the TemptationPara. 25

What is meant is that Yeshua, like us was tempted

through the same areas, or “gateways” through

which all temptation comes

I John 2:16

“For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.”

through the temptation para 258
Through the TemptationPara. 25

I John 2:16: The Gateways of Temptation

I John 2:16 Matt.4/Luke4 Genesis 3

“Lust of the “Turn the Stones “Fruit was good

Flesh” to Bread” for Food”

“Lust of the “See the Kingdoms “Fruit was a

Eyes” of the World” delight to the eyes”

“Boastful Pride “Jump from the “Desirable to

Of Life” Pinnacle of the Temple” make one wise”

through the temptation para 259
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Lk. vs. 13 – “every temptation” = every area of

temptation

Four things we learn about spiritual warfare:

1. If we resist the Evil One he will flee from us –

(“he departed”)

2. Every victory is only temporary –

(“for a season”

Spiritual warfare is not a one time battle, but

a life long conflict

through the temptation para 2510
Through the TemptationPara. 25

3. Note what Yeshua does not do:

a. He does not call Satan any names

b. He does not bind him

c. He does not rebuke him

d. He does not command him

4. Note what Yeshua does do:

a. He resorts to the truth of Scripture

b. He applies it to his situation

through the temptation para 2511
Through the TemptationPara. 25

Two Things We Learn From Yeshua Concerning

How to Wage Spiritual Warfare:

1. Study the Word of God

2. Apply it in your life

Knowledge alone puffs up, thus it must be applied

Knowledge of the Word + Application of its Truths = Victory Over the Evil One

the approval of the king by his herald para 26 27

The Approval of the KingBy His HeraldPara. 26-27

Testimony of John Before Leaders

Para. 26

testimony of john before leaders para 26
Testimony of John Before LeadersPara. 26

The 2nd stage of the investigative party –

raising questions

3 Times we are informed that an official

delegation from Jerusalem is present:

1. vs. 19 – “when the Jews sent…”

2. vs. 22 – “…that we may give an answer to

them that sent us.”

3. vs. 25 – “And they had been sent from the

Pharisees”

testimony of john before leaders para 261
Testimony of John Before LeadersPara. 26

John denies three things:

1. He denies being the Messiah (vs. 21)

2. He denies being Elijah (vs. 21)

a. He came in the “power and spirit” of Elijah

b. He dresses like Elijah

c. But he denies being Elijah

3. He denies being the prophet referred to in

Deut. 18 (vs. 21)

testimony of john before leaders para 262
Testimony of John Before LeadersPara. 26

Who Is John?

1. He is the one spoken of in Isaiah 40:3

2. He is the forerunner of Messiah; the Herald

of the King

vs. 26 – The Messiah is in our midst

But John is not willing to make him

public yet

- John is not worthy to unlatch his sandal

“What happens to the herald, happens to the King”

the approval of the king by his herald para 26 271

The Approval of the KingBy His HeraldPara. 26-27

Testimony of John to Jesus

Para. 27

testimony of john to jesus para 27
Testimony of John to JesusPara. 27

Two ideas of “the Lamb” in the Jewish mind in the 1st century:

1. Passover Lamb – Ex. 12

2. Messianic Lamb – Isaiah 53

vs. 30 – with respect to Yeshua’s humanity he was

6 months younger than John

- with respect to Yeshua’s deity he precedes

John

testimony of john to jesus para 271
Testimony of John to JesusPara. 27

vs. 32-33 – John explains why he was baptizing

1. Previous revelation was given to him that he

would see the Spirit of God like a dove

descend on the Messiah

2. The descent of the Holy Spirit was an

authenticating sign

He knew who Yeshua was already, but the

coming of the Spirit was the sign

testimony of john to jesus para 272
Testimony of John to JesusPara. 27

vs. 34 – John makes the acknowledgement that he

had seen the sign

- He indicates who the Messiah is (vs. 29)

Note: the term “witness” is one that is most

closely connected with John. He is a witness to

Messiah