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Uam in on-site inquiries of the Hungarian Ombudsman. Agnes Lux, agnes.lux @ ajbh.hu ENOC Conference , 25-27 September 2013, Brussels. About the ombudsman. There is no separate institution as an ombudsperson for children

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Uam in on site inquiries of the hungarian ombudsman

Uaminon-siteinquiries of theHungarian Ombudsman

Agnes Lux, agnes.lux@ajbh.hu

ENOC Conference, 25-27 September 2013, Brussels


About the ombudsman
Aboutthe ombudsman

  • There is no separateinstitutionas an ombudspersonforchildren

  • Act 111 of 2011 oncommissionerforfundamentalrightsprioritizetodefendchildren’srights

  • Complaints, ex officioinquiries

  • Projects (2008: awareness-raising, 2009: violence, 2010: childrenincare, 2011: right tohealth, 2012: child-friendlyjustice, 2013: right tohealthyenviroment)


Onsite inquiries on uam
OnsiteInquirieson UAM

  • The ombudsman carried out onsiteinquiries 1-2 times per yearsince 2009 (withoutanypreliminarynotificationstoo)

  • Childrenwithforeignnationalities & whomareseparatedfromtheirfamiliescan be categorized:

  • Childrenwithimmigration status (incl. statelesspeople)

  • Asylumbeneficiaries

  • Victims of human smugglings


Findings
Findings

  • Prevention and management of illegal migration instead of take into consideration the best interest of the child

  • All legal provisions regarding the child protection system see UAM firstly as foreigners based on their legal alien status, secondly as children

  • Legal provisions ignore their special needs (differentethnical, culturalbackground, language, traumas)

  • There is no regulation regarding appointment of one trustee who may be representative

  • The fundamental rights of UAM essentially prevail in Hungary

  • There is no financial source to employ interpreter in children’s homes where non-Hungarian speaking children may be placed


Some cases
SomeCases

1. Policecought 700 UAM between 1 January 2012 – 30 September 2012 crossingtheborders(thereweresomeunderage 14y)

  • Severalyoungpeoplewere „sent” back toSerbia, wheretheycamefrom, otherswereaccomodatedinchildren’shomeseach 2 of 3 soondisappearedwithouttrace

    2. 12 Afghanchildren (betweenage 5-15y)werecoughtatthe „greenborder”

  • Harmfulage - assessmentprocedure (itwasdeterminedbythepolicedoctor);


Uam in on site inquiries of the hungarian ombudsman

  • Asylumseekerminorsarenowplacedin a children’shome, instead of refugeecamp (ofcourseit’s more better, buttherewasfencesasaround a detentioncentres, and therewas no isolationwardwherenewarriveryouthssufferingfrominfections and parasitescould be treated and caredfor.)

  • Allthechildrenareeffectedby „posttraumaticstressdisorder” - educators and alsopsychologistsareunabletotreatthisproperly, thestaffalsoneedssupport

  • Inonedetention centre in Hungary canminorsunder 14y be placed (alienpolicingauthoritiesmaytakeintocustodyforupto 30 daysforeignchildrentogetherwiththeiradultfamilymembers) – unnecessary& no legalguaranteeforthem


Uam in on site inquiries of the hungarian ombudsman