End of the Spanish Rule. These Notes will cover Mexico’s Independence from Spain. Vocabulary. Colony Republic Liberation Filibusters. Colonization- one or more people populating an area. Republic- a government in which voters choose people to represent them.
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End of the Spanish Rule These Notes will cover Mexico’s Independence from Spain.
Vocabulary • Colony • Republic • Liberation • Filibusters • Colonization- one or more people populating an area. • Republic- a government in which voters choose people to represent them. • Liberation- Freeing people of something. • Filibusters- Americans who came to settle in Texas. Visual Voc. Definitions
Spain Acquires Louisiana • Great Britain's victory over the French in the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) changed the balance of power in the Americas. • Spain takes control of Louisiana in 1763. • The French were no longer a threat in North America at the time.
Spain stops Funding the Missions • Due to constant Raidings, In 1773 Spain closes its East Texas Missions and relocates 500 settlers to San Antonio. • In 1779 the city of Nacogdoches is founded. • In 1790 Spain stopped funding the Missions. • Since the French gave its settlers more independence, Spain had little control over its settlers.
Spain helps in the American Revolution • Spain supported the American Colonists, and once the war was over Spain was reassured control over Florida. • The Adams-OnisTreaty of 1819, forced Spain to give Florida to the U.S. and the Sabine River became the new boundary.
The Call for Independence • Many Mexicans became unhappy with the Spanish rule, because; the best jobs in Mexico were for the Spanish, and Spain increased Mexican Taxes to help pay for Foreign Wars. • On September 16, 1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo, issued a call for Mexican independence from Spain.
Independence grows stronger • Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara, a supporter of the Mexican Independence movement went to the U.S. to ask for money and supplies. • Gutierrez began recruiting soldiers to liberate Texas. • In 1812, the two cities of Nacogdoches and San Antonio were captured by the newly formed Republican Army of Mexico.
Disputes over Government • Wanted a government that was Similar to New Spain, with appointed officials. • Wanted Texas to have a Republic, with elected officials voted on by the settlers. • Mexico gains its Independence from Spain on September 16th1821. Texas became a part of Mexico. • Mexico was the 3rd flag to fly over Texas. Mexican (Republican Army) Americans (Republican Army)
Spain’s Legacy • Spain was in control of Texas for more than 300 years, but there was little growth, only three settlements were established, (San Antonio, Goliad, Nacogdoches). • Spain was unable to attract many settlers into Texas, because there was no gold, and no filibusters from America. • Many towns and roads in Texas have Spanish names, and the language is still used today.