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WRITING MULTIPLE CHOICE EXAM ITEMS. DOUGLAS A. BERNSTEIN University of South Florida Southampton University www.douglasbernstein.com douglas.bernstein@worldnet.att.net. SOME MYTHS ABOUT MCQs. USEFUL MAINLY FOR TESTING BASIC, FACTUAL INFORMATION

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Writing multiple choice exam items l.jpg

WRITING MULTIPLE CHOICE EXAM ITEMS

DOUGLAS A. BERNSTEIN

University of South Florida

Southampton University

www.douglasbernstein.com

douglas.bernstein@worldnet.att.net


Some myths about mcqs l.jpg
SOME MYTHS ABOUT MCQs

USEFUL MAINLY FOR TESTING BASIC, FACTUAL INFORMATION

NOT USEFUL FOR ASSESSING LEARNING AT HIGHER COGNITIVE LEVELS



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SOME MYTHS ABOUT MCQs

USEFUL MAINLY FOR TESTING BASIC, FACTUAL INFORMATION

NOT USEFUL FOR ASSESSING LEARNING AT HIGHER COGNITIVE LEVELS

NOT AS GOOD OVERALL AS ESSAY EXAMS

EASY TO WRITE

NO SPECIAL PRACTICE NEEDED


The truth about mcqs l.jpg
THE TRUTH ABOUT MCQs

THEY CAN, INDEED, TEST MEMORY OF FACTUAL INFORMATION


A remembering item l.jpg
A “REMEMBERING” ITEM

Who wrote War and Peace?

a. Rachmoninov

b. Tolstoy

c. Dostoyevsky

d. Solzhenitsyn


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THE TRUTH ABOUT MCQs

THEY CAN, INDEED, TEST MEMORY OF FACTUAL INFORMATION

THEY CAN ALSO TEST THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND, APPLY, ANALYZE, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION



An understanding item l.jpg
AN “UNDERSTANDING” ITEM

During a sleep study, you notice that your research participant’s EEG shows brain activity known as spindles and K-complexes. The participant is probably in stage ___ sleep.

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4



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AN “APPLYING” ITEM

Naomi asked seven randomly selected people the following question, "On a scale from 0 (not at all) to 9 (definitely), how strongly do you believe in ghosts?" Their responses were as follows: 0, 0, 1, 1, 9, 9, 9. Which measure of central tendency should Naomi use if she wants to convince her friends that most people strongly believe in ghosts?

A. Mode C. Median

B. Mean D. Range


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AN “ANALYZING” ITEM

The difference between state and trait anxiety is that

a. The former refers to general anxiety and the latter refers to situational anxiety.

b. The former refers to situational anxiety and the latter refers to general anxiety.

c. The former refers to physiological responses and the latter refers to questionnaire responses.

d. The former refers to questionnaire responses and the latter refers to physiological responses.


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AN “EVALUATING” ITEM

Injuries to belted passengers increase wherever seat belt laws are passed. Which of the following serves as a logical counterargument to repealing these laws?

a. Injuries will fall once people learn to wear belts correctly.

b. More people are wearing belts when accidents occur.

c. Though injuries increase, fatalities decrease.

d. Both B and C


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THE TRUTH ABOUT MCQs

THEY CAN, INDEED, TEST MEMORY OF FACTUAL INFORMATION

THEY CAN ALSO TEST THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND, APPLY, ANALYZE, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION

THEY CAN EVEN TEST CREATIVITY


The truth about mcqs19 l.jpg
THE TRUTH ABOUT MCQs

THEY CAN, INDEED, TEST MEMORY OF FACTUAL INFORMATION

THEY CAN ALSO TEST THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND, APPLY, ANALYZE, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION

THEY CAN EVEN TEST CREATIVITY

THEY CAN BE AS GOOD AS ESSAYS

GOOD ONES ARE NOT EASY TO WRITE


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Two researchers tested the hypothesis that college students’ grades and stress are related. One researcher operationally defined stress as the number of minutes spent arguing with others. The other researcher defined stress as the amount of tension at any point in time measured on a 10-point scale. Which of the following statements is accurate?

   a. Because their hypotheses are identical, the two         researchers should have similar results.   b. The only valid definition is the number of minutes spent arguing with others because it is the only objective measure.   c. The difference in operational definitions of stress could lead to quite different results.


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THE TRUTH ABOUT MCQs students’ grades and stress are related. One researcher operationally defined stress as the number of minutes spent arguing with others. The other researcher defined stress as the amount of tension at any point in time measured on a 10-point scale. Which of the following statements is accurate?

THEY CAN, INDEED, TEST MEMORY OF FACTUAL INFORMATION

THEY CAN ALSO TEST THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND, APPLY, ANALYZE, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION

THEY CAN EVEN TEST CREATIVITY

THEY CAN BE AS GOOD AS ESSAYS

GOOD ONES ARE NOT EASY TO WRITE

USEFUL GUIDELINES ARE AVAILABLE


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BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MCQ TESTS students’ grades and stress are related. One researcher operationally defined stress as the number of minutes spent arguing with others. The other researcher defined stress as the amount of tension at any point in time measured on a 10-point scale. Which of the following statements is accurate?

CONTAIN AT LEAST 60 ITEMS (FOR MIDTERM AND FINAL EXAMS)

CAREFULLY PLANNED


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Fritz's computer screeches like a monkey every time he gets new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

A. hit. C. false alarm.

B. miss. D. correct rejection.


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A TABLE OF SPECIFICATION new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

COGNITIVE LEVEL

CONTENT REMEMBERING UNDERSTANDING APPLYING

Classical Conditioning 1 1 2

Shaping 1 1

Reinforcement 1 1

Observational Learning 1

Latent Learning 1 1

Cognitive Processes 1

in Learning


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BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MCQ TESTS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

CONTAIN AT LEAST 60 ITEMS (FOR MIDTERM AND FINAL EXAMS)

CAREFULLY PLANNED

WRITTEN CAREFULLY


Characteristics of good multiple choice items l.jpg
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS


Not so good l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

William James

a. pioneered the functionalist school in psychology

b. developed introspection to measure consciousness.

c. was concerned with perceptual principles.

d. was the founder of the behaviorist approach.


Better l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

William James is best known for founding the _______ approach to psychology.

a. functionalist

b. structuralist

c. behaviorist

d. evolutionary


Characteristics of good multiple choice items29 l.jpg
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION


Not so good30 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Shanelle and Audre were each graduating from high school. During their commencement speeches, Shanelle spoke about how excited she was to be going to Harvard because she had worked so hard to reach her goals and was looking forward to moving far away to "spread her wings." Audre said she could not have "made it" without her family's and friends' support and was delighted to be able to attend a nearby university so she can stay close to home. According to your text, Shanelle is most likely _________ and Audre is most likely __________.

A. from a collectivist culture; from an individualist culture

B. from an individualist culture; from a collectivist culture

C. resolving the identity crisis; resolving the intimacy crisis

D. resolving the intimacy crisis; resolving the identity crisis


Better31 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Shanelle is excited to go to a faraway university so that she can “spread her wings" and “be herself.” Audre is happy to study at a local university where she can be sure of having the support of her family and friends. According to your text, Shanelle is most likely ___________ and Audre is most likely _____________.

A. from a collectivist culture; from an individualist culture

B. from an individualist culture; from a collectivist culture

C. resolving the identity crisis; resolving the intimacy crisis

D. resolving the intimacy crisis; resolving the identity crisis


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CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION

MINIMAL USE OF NEGATIVES


Not so good33 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Tyler is two days old, healthy and wide awake at the moment. Tyler is unlikely to

A. be able to support his weight by hanging with his hands from your fingers.

B. pay particular attention to moving faces with high contrast.

C. hear the difference between musical notes on a scale.

D. turn away and cry when spoken to in an expressive manner.


Better34 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Tyler is two days old. He is likely to do all of the following EXCEPT

A. be able to hang from your finger by one hand.

B. pay particular attention to human faces.

C. hear the difference between musical notes on a scale.

D. turn away and cry when spoken to in an expressive manner.


Characteristics of good multiple choice items35 l.jpg
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION

MINIMAL USE OF NEGATIVES

GRAMMATICALLY CONSISTENT


Not so good36 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The neurotransmitters associated with schizophrenia and depression are

A. GABA

B. Glutamate

C. Dopamine and serotonin

D. Norepinephrine


Better37 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The neurotransmitters associated with schizophrenia and depression are

A. GABA and glutamate

B. Dopamine and GABA

C. Dopamine and serotonin

D. Serotonin and norepinephrine


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CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION

MINIMAL USE OF NEGATIVES

GRAMMATICALLY CONSISTENT

BALANCED CORRECT OPTIONS

ONLY ONE CORRECT OPTION


Not so good39 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Azenett was interested in the relationship between temperature and domestic violence. She found a positive correlation between daily high temperatures and number of calls to a domestic violence hotline over a one year period. Which of the following correlation coefficients best describes the relationship between temperature and crisis line calls?

A. -0.78 C. +0.83

B. 0.00 D. +1.00


Better40 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Azenett found a positive correlation between daily high temperatures and number of calls to a domestic violence hotline over a one year period. Which of the following correlation coefficients best describes the relationship between temperature and crisis line calls?

A. -0.78 C. +0.83

B. 0.00 D. -1.00


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CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION

MINIMAL USE OF NEGATIVES

GRAMMATICALLY CONSISTENT

BALANCED CORRECT OPTIONS

ONLY ONE CORRECT OPTION

EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE OPTIONS


Not so good42 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The founder of Gestalt therapy was

A. Karen Horney

B. Fritz Perls

C. Osama Bin Laden

D. George Kelly


Better43 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The founder of Gestalt therapy was

A. Karen Horney

B. Fritz Perls

C. Carl Rogers

D. George Kelly


Not so good44 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Avoiding shock by pressing a button when a warning tone sounds is an example of

A. escape conditioning

B. avoidance conditioning

C. delayed conditioning

D. backward conditioning


Better45 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

In a laboratory experiment, Peter learned that if he pushed a button at the sound of a warning tone, he would not be shocked. This learning is an example of _______ conditioning.

A. escape

B. delayed

C. backward

D. avoidance


Not so good46 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The phenomenon of looming occurs

A. when light is poorly focused.

B. at the blind spot.

C. when the visual image of an approaching object expands about equally in all directions on the retina until it fills the visual field.

D. only at night.


Better47 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The phenomenon of looming occurs

A. when light is poorly focused on the retina, preventing transmission of a clear image to the brain.

B. at the blind spot, where axons from ganglion cells exit the eyeball and eventually reach the lateral geniculate nucleus in the thalamus.

C. when the visual image of an approaching object expands about equally in all directions on the retina until it fills the visual field.

D. only at night, because looming depends on the activity of photoreceptors called rods, which are activated even in very low light conditions.


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CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD MULTIPLE CHOICE ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

SUBSTANTIAL, MEANINGFUL STEMS

RELEVANT INFORMATION

MINIMAL USE OF NEGATIVES

GRAMMATICALLY CONSISTENT

BALANCED CORRECT OPTIONS

ONLY ONE CORRECT OPTION

EQUALLY PLAUSIBLE OPTIONS

CLEARLY WORDED


Not so good49 l.jpg
NOT SO GOOD new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Susan is applying to graduate school in psychology. She has always been interested in the influences of advertising on consumer behavior. What department of psychology would be the best fit with Susan's interests?

A. Educational C. Social

B. Clinical D. Industrial


Better50 l.jpg
BETTER new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Susan is applying to graduate school in psychology. She has always been interested in the influences of advertising on consumer behavior. Which of the following psychology graduate programs would most likely provide courses and research opportunities that best fit with Susan's interests?

A. Educational C. Social

B. Clinical D. Developmental


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LET’S WORK ON SOME ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a


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Eukaria new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Bacteria

Archaea

CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM?

Use the phylogenetic tree to order the domains from youngest to oldest.

a. Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya

b. Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya

*c. Eukarya, Archaea, Bacteria

d. Eukarya, Bacteria, Archaea

e. They are all the same age

Origin of life


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Can You Improve This Item? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Noam Chomsky is

*a. professor at Harvard University

b. professor at WWU

c. an economics expert

d. professor at MIT


Can you improve this item54 l.jpg
Can You Improve This Item? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

According to the socioemotional theory of friendship change in later life,

a. elderly people want larger and more diverse friendship networks but are unable to have them due to reduced mobility and inhibiting health problems

b. elderly people experience important developmental changes that reduce their motivation to have friendships and cause them to withdraw into their own world

*c. elderly people are more “present-oriented” rather than “future-oriented” and as a result are less interested in large diverse networks of friends

d. none of the above


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Can You Improve This Item? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of the following is NOT true about how friendships change during midlife?

a.  As romantic relationships develop, individuals tend to withdraw from their friendship networks

b. Women’s friendships are more significantly affected than are men’s friendships by the development of a romantic relationship.

*c. Friendship networks get broader (more friends) and more intense (more intimacy) after marriage

d. After children leave home, their parents’ friendship networks tend to increase


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It’s Time to Write Some Great Items! new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a


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REMINDER ABOUT MCQ LEVELS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a


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SOME TIPS FOR REVIEWING MC EXAMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

CREATE A LIST OF THE “TOP TEN” MISSED ITEMS

REVIEW THOSE ITEMS FIRST

DON’T ARGUE

DISTRIBUTE ITEM-REVIEW FORMS


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REQUEST TO REVIEW GRADING OF AN EXAM ITEM new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a Name:__________________Student ID#:________Test form (A or B): ______Item #:______ I believe that response alternative ___ should also be considered correct because:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________I found supporting evidence on page ____ in the textbook.


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SOME TIPS FOR REVIEWING MC EXAMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

CREATE A LIST OF THE “TOP TEN” MISSED ITEMS

REVIEW THOSE ITEMS FIRST

DON’T ARGUE

DISTRIBUTE ITEM-REVIEW FORMS

PROVIDE FEEDBACK AT NEXT CLASS


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WRITING MULTIPLE CHOICE EXAM ITEMS new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

DOUGLAS A. BERNSTEIN

University of South Florida

Southampton University

www.douglasbernstein.com

douglas.bernstein@worldnet.att.net


Can you improve this item62 l.jpg
CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Jack Chang believes that his success in math is based upon hard work, but he believes his difficulties in history are based upon an unfair

professor. Jack is likely from a(n) ______ culture.

A. collective C. competitive

B. altruistic D. individualist


Can you improve this item63 l.jpg
CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

It is easier to notice the difference in loudness between a two-piece and a three-piece string ensemble than between a 110-piece and a

120-piece orchestra. This is predicted by

A. the noise constant.

B. schema theory.

C. perceptual constancy theory.

D. Fechner's law.


Can you improve this item64 l.jpg
CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The witness claimed the robber had a gun, although later examination of the surveillance video showed that this was not true. The witness’s perception of the event was likely influenced by

A. grouping principles.

B. bottom-up processing.

C. the simplicity principle.

D. schemas.


Can you improve this item65 l.jpg
CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The Theory of Planned Behavior proposes that intentions are a result of the following belief(s)

a. attitude and subjective normb. perceived behavioral controlc. a and bd. none of the above


Can you improve this item66 l.jpg
CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Factor analysisa. it is not designed to test hypothesesb. it is included in the SPSS packagec. summarizes large sets of variables into smaller sets of factorsd. all of the above


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

In post traumatic stress disorder and according to the DSM IV, trauma is defined as:

a. The level of damage to the individual after going through an intervention of any kind.

b. An event or situation of overwhelming emotional intensity where the person feels or witnesses actual threat of death or serious injury.

c. A natural catastrophe that does not affect the great majority of people but only some individuals to the extent of developing PTSD.

d. None of the above.


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of these is NOT a sign of damage to descending motor pathways?

a. Increased muscle toneb. Loss of ability to perform fine movementsc. Babinski reflexd. None of the above


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which is a skin pigment:

a. Melanin

b. Carotene

c. Haemoglobin

d. All of the above


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

In social sciences, who is NOT a representative of the constructivist movement:

a. Thomas Luckman

b. Abraham Maslow

c. Jean Piaget

d. Gregory Bateson


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

On which part of a neuron can the nodes of Ranvier be found?

a. The dendritic spines

b. The soma

c. The axon

d. The nucleus


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

A researcher looking at an EEG of a participant who participated in a study looking at brain activity during sleep found that the prominent characteristics of the EEG were spindles and K-complexes. What stage of sleep is the EEG representative of?

a. Stage 1

b. Stage 2

c. Stage 3

d. Stage 4


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

The reticular formation has been found to play a part in arousal. Within what division of the brain can the reticular formation be found?

a. Mesencephalon

b. Metencephalon

c. Myelencephalon


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

In an experiment, the dependent variable is the

a. causal variableb. affected variablec. experimental variabled. first variable mentioned in the title


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

A test is reliable if it _____.

a. provides accurate informationb. provides adequate informationc. produces similar scores on retestsd. measures what it was designed to measure


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of the following would a person with prosopagnosia have difficulty with?

a. recognizing a person’s faceb. recognizing a person's voicec. finding a location on a mapd. recognizing objects on the left-half of their visual field


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Who wrote the ‘cognitive-motivational analysis of anxiety’?

a. Mogg & Bradley

b. Ohman & Mineke

c. Matthews & Macleod

d. Fox & De Fockert


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

What is the difference between state and trait anxiety?

a. The former refers to general anxiety and the latter refers to situational anxiety

b. The former refers to situational anxiety and the latter refers to general anxiety

c. The former refers to anxiety measured via physiological stress responses and the latter refers to anxiety measured via a questionnaire.

d. The former refers to anxiety measured via a questionnaire and the latter refers to anxiety measured via physiological stress responses.


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

What are the three main components of attention as postulated by Posner and Petersen?

a. Fixating, Tracking, & Scanning

b. Orienting, Tracking, & Scanning

c. Orienting, Shifting, & Disengaging

d. Tracking, Shifting, & Disengaging


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of the following statements regarding the theories of learning is true

a. Pavlov is responsible for the theory of classical conditioning

b. In classical conditioning, an unconditioned stimulus is one that has not yet been paired with a response

c. The amygdala is involved in learning

d. The capacity of short term memory can be extended by chunking


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of the following statements about attachment are true

a. Bowlby is significant in the development of attachment theory

b. Rhesus monkeys given a choice between a wire surrogate mother providing milk preferred her to a toweling covered mother that did not provide milk

c. According to Ainsworth there are 4 main types of attachment

d. The first reaction to separation from an attachment figure is despair.


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Recent neuroimaging studies show that amygdala hyper-responsivity and prefrontal hyporesponsivity could be characteristic of:a. Anxiety 

b. Depression

c. Schizophrenia

d. Anorexia Nervosa


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

According to Rothbart, Ellis & Posner (2004), temperament can be seen  as part of the broader domain of:a. Personality

b. Aggression

c. Negative Affect

d. Character


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Cognitive tasks examining executive control have been shown to activate areas of the:a. Anterior Cingulate

b. Broca's area

c. Hippocampus

d. Occipital lobe


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

According to the HAPA, the motivation stage is made up of the following component(s)a. self-efficacyb. outcome expectanciesc. none of the aboved. a and b


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CAN YOU IMPROVE THIS ITEM? new e-mail. One day, Fritz is watching "Three Monkeys and a Banana" on HBO, but when a monkey screeches on the show, Fritz does not go to check his e-mail because he realizes the sound is coming from the TV set, not his computer. In other words, Fritz has made a

Which of these statements regarding ADHD are true

a. ADHD as a disorder is more common in males

b. ADHD is not hereditary

c. According to the ICD10, Impulsivity is not one of the cardinal features of ADHD

d. According to the ICD10, there are three main types of ADHD