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Executive Order 13148. Environmental Management System (EMS). Introduction to EMS.

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executive order 13148
Executive Order 13148

Environmental Management System (EMS)

introduction to ems
Introduction to EMS

At USDA, being a good environmental steward is everyone's business. Performing your job in an environmentally safe and sound manner benefits us all by protecting the health of the surrounding ecosystem, preserving resources for future generations, minimizing mission impact due to non-compliance issues, and saving money by decreasing wasted resources.

You are responsible for performing your job in an environmentally safe and sound manner by:

  • Knowing how your job impacts the environment
  • Adhering to Standard Operation Procedures (SOPS), and
  • Knowing the potential environmental impacts of departing from these Standard Operating Procedures.






and Operation

Checking and

Corrective Action

EMS is a set of procedures based on a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle and has five Major Components:Policy, Planning, Implementation and Operation, Checking and Corrective Action, and Management Review






For this initial training, we are going to review the Environmental Policy, Environmental Aspects and Environmental Impacts, and Targets.


Environmental Aspects and Environmental Impacts

Environmental aspects and environmental impacts exist in a“Cause and Effect” relationship with each other.

Aspect (Cause)Impact (Effect)

use of hazardous


Waste generation

Fish production

Resource depletion

Soil, water quality


Pesticide applications

aspects identified at psnl
Aspects Identified at PSNL

Aspect #1: Temperature control inside building


  • Depletion of natural resources (fossil fuel)
  • Air emissions
  • Storage tank management (at Geneva)
  • Annual Consumption of:

Electricity: $188,128

1,677,000 kwH

Water: $150,757

aspects identified at psnl6
Aspects Identified at PSNL

Aspect #2: Use of hazardous chemicals


  • Hazardous chemicals disposal through pickup by Clean Harbors on as-needed basis
  • Hazardous waste cost to facility - pick-up by Clean Harbors:
    • FY 04 = 3 pickups at $3,498.19
    • FY 05 = 3 pickups at $5,403.88
    • FY 06 = 3 pickups at


aspects identified at psnl7
Aspects Identified at PSNL

Aspect #3: Purchase, operation, and disposal of electronic equipment


Landfill and environmental degradation

The following items were recycled since 2002:

  • 98 pounds of batteries
  • 753 fluorescent bulbs
  • 12 computers, 20 monitors, 12 printers
  • 4 microwaves
  • 55 gallons of waste oil and 20 gallons from Freeville Farm
  • 245,000 sheets of paper in FY04
  • 315,000 sheets of paper in FY05
aspects identified at psnl8
Aspects Identified at PSNL

Aspect #4: Use of Farm Equipment

Impact: Resource Consumption

  • Fossil fuels at Ithaca farm from 2005 - 2006:
    • gasoline = 40 gallons/ 20 gals per year
    • motor oil = about 10 gal/ 5 gals per year
  • Fossil fuels at Geneva farm from 2005 - 2006:
    • Diesel fuel = 1200 gallons
    • Motor oil = 10 gallons per year
    • Irrigation Water = 100,000 gallons per year

Objectives and Targets

USPSNL Targets for 2007

  • Full Compliance with regulations
  • Reduce consumption of energy (electricity)
  • Reduce consumption of paper
energy consumption
Energy Consumption

Object No. 1 – Reduce Electricity Consumption

  • Target No. 1 – Continue the policy to ensure that fume hood “override” switches are not left on unnecessarily.
  • Target No. 2 - Implement night time temperature set back in greenhouses.
    • Target Date – April 2007
  • Target No. 3 – Ensure the thermostats are functioning and operating properly
    • Target Date – April 2007

Location Target – Reduce energy consumption by 2% during 2007

waste generation
Waste Generation

Objective No. 2 – Reduce the volume of solid radioactive and hazardous waste

  • Target No. 1. – Increase storage capacity to allow decay of most radioisotopes.
    • Target Date – January 2007
  • Target No. 2. – Increase storage capacity of hazardous liquid to accommodate increased number of employees producing hazardous waste.
    • Target Date – March 2007

Location Target – Maintain current level as new group of employees add to the waste generation.

reduce paper consumption increase recycle
Reduce Paper Consumption/ Increase Recycle

Objective No. 3 – Reduce Paper Consumption/ Increase Paper Recycle

  • Target No. 1 – Reduce paper use from 1680 to 1650 reams in a year by encouraging employees to use double sided copying when possible.

- Target Date – April 2007

  • Target No. 2 – Reduce toner cartridge use by setting the default option on all computers for printing on EconoMode (save Toner) when possible.

- Target Date – April 2007

Location Target – Reduce paper consumption by 2% by 2008


Ranking of the Aspects

Plant Genetic Resource Unit

  • Farm Machine Operation
  • Pesticide Application
  • Purchase & disposal of Electronic goods
  • Facility Electric Utilities

(energy conservation)

Plant, Soil, & Nutrition Laboratory

  • Facility Electric Utilities (energy conservation)
  • Chemical Disposal
  • Paper Consumption
    • Copier/printer Paper(30% recycled content):
      • FY 04 = 490 reams; FY 05 = 630 reams
U.S. Plant, Soil and Nutrition Laboratory


Plant Genetic Resource Unit


Environmental Management System Policy

The U.S. Plant, Soil, and Nutrition Laboratory (USPSNL) consist of two Research Units: the Plant, Soil, and Nutrition Unit (PSNL) and the Plant Protection Research Unit (PPRU). The research mission of the PPRU is to develop new innovative methods to protect crops from pest damages by developing environmentally compatible strategies that minimize or eliminate chemical pesticide usage and limit pest damage to sub-economic levels for long term management of diverse pests. The research mission of the PSNL is to improve our understanding of the movement of nutrients and/or toxic substances through the soil-plant- animal/human food chain and to utilize this knowledge to improve the nutritional quality of plant foods.

The Plant Genetic Resource Unit has two mission: preservation of germplasm of selected crop plant, and breeding and improvement of grapes and apples. Specific activities include acquisition, documentation, maintenance, characterization, breeding, enhancement and distribution of the assigned crops. PGRU maintains approximately 20,000 different accessions representing over 300 species.

In conjunction with the missions, PSNL-PPRU-PGRU is committed to protecting human health, the environment, and maintaining sustainable pollution prevention program; while meeting or exceeding Federal, State, and local laws. The Environmental Management System (EMS) builds upon the existing ARS Safety, Health and Environmental Management Program and is designed to be an integral part of scientific research activities, project review processes, facility operations and ARS Policy and Procedures. Annual objectives, targets, and actions to advance the EMS program are developed in terms of both regulated and unregulated impacts. Personnel will be provided with the appropriate training, and recognized for their environmental performance. Progress and achievement related to the EMS policy are to be documented and reported.


You have completed EMS Annual Awareness Training. Record of your participation is recorded at Area Safety office.

Your feedback allows us to continually improve the EMS. For more information or to actively participate in EMS implementation, please contact:

Kathie Moh, 607-255-8849

Glen Davis, 304- 725-3451,ext 309

Bonnie Disalvo, 215-233-6592