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CCNA 4 v3.1 Module 2 WAN Technologies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CCNA 4 v3.1 Module 2 WAN Technologies
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  1. CCNA 4 v3.1 Module 2WAN Technologies

  2. Purpose of This PowerPoint • This PowerPoint primarily consists of the Target Indicators (TIs) of this module in CCNA version 3.1. • It was created to give instructors a PowerPoint to take and modify as their own. • This PowerPoint is: • NOT a study guide for the module final assessment. • NOT a study guide for the CCNA certification exam. • Please report any mistakes you find in this PowerPoint by using the Academy Connection Help link.

  3. To Locate Instructional Resource Materials on Academy Connection: • Go to the Community FTP Center to locate materials created by the instructor community • Go to the Tools section • Go to the Alpha Preview section • Go to the Community link under Resources • See the resources available on the Class home page for classes you are offering • Search http://www.cisco.com • Contact your parent academy!

  4. Objectives

  5. WAN Technology

  6. WAN Service Providers

  7. Physical Layer: WANs

  8. WAN Line Types and Bandwidth

  9. WAN Devices

  10. CSU/DSU

  11. Modem Transmission

  12. WAN Standards

  13. WAN Encapsulation

  14. WAN Data-Link Protocols

  15. Circuit Switching

  16. Packet Switching

  17. WAN Link Options

  18. WAN Link Options

  19. Analog Dialup

  20. ISDN

  21. ISDN Router with native ISDN BRI U or S/T interface or PRI Router with standard serial interface, connected to a terminal adapter

  22. Leased Line • Leased lines are not only used to provide direct point-to-point connections between Enterprise LANS, they can also be used to connect individual branches to a packet switched network.

  23. WAN with X.25 • X.25 provides a low bit rate, shared-variable capacity that may either be switched or permanent

  24. Frame Relay • Most Frame Relay connections are based on PVCs rather than SVCs. • It implements no error or flow control. This leads to reduced latency. • Frame Relay provides permanent shared medium bandwidth connectivity that carries both voice and data traffic.

  25. ATM • Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a technology capable of transferring voice, video, and data through private and public networks. • It is built on a cell based architecture rather than on a frame-based architecture.

  26. DSL • DSL uses existing twisted-pair telephone lines to transport high-bandwidth data • DSL service is considered broadband, as it uses multiple frequencies within the same physical medium to transmit data

  27. ADSL Technology Splitter • The local loop connects the splitter to the DSLAM • DSLAM connected to ISP using ATM technology • Voice and data use separate frequency ranges (voice 0-4Khz, data 20Khx – 1Mhz)

  28. Cable Modem • Enhanced Cable Modems enable two-way. High speed data transmissions using the same coaxial lines that transmit cable television.

  29. Cable Data Network Architecture

  30. Modern WAN

  31. WANs Operate at the Lower Three Levels of the OSI Model

  32. Comparing WAN Traffic Types

  33. Steps In WAN Design

  34. WAN Topology Star Topology Full-Mesh Topology Partial-Mesh Topology

  35. Three-Layer Design Model • The links connecting the various sites in an area that provide access to the enterprise network are called the access links or access layer of the WAN. • Traffic between areas is distributed by the distribution links, and is moved onto the core links for transfer to other regions, when necessary.

  36. Advantages of the Hierarchical Approach • Scalability: networks can grow without sacrificing control or manageability • Ease of Implementation: clear functionality at each layer • Ease of troubleshooting: Isolation of problems in the network is easier • Predicatability network modelling and caapacity plannng easier • Protocol Support: mixing current and future applications and protocols is easier • Manageability: all the above improve the manageability of the network

  37. Internet for WAN Connectivity

  38. One-Layer Hierarchy

  39. Using the Internet as an Enterprise WAN • Enterprise WANs will have connections to the Internet. • This poses security problems but also provides an alternative for inter-branch traffic. • VPN technologies can solve security issues

  40. Summary