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Element 3 Identify the Impact of Alcohol Abuse. What is a ‘standard drink’? p51 A standard drink is defined as containing approximately 10 grams of pure alcohol. Standard drink Guidelines p51 For Men:

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Element 3

Identify the Impact of Alcohol Abuse


What is a ‘standard drink’? p51

A standard drink is defined as containing approximately 10 grams of pure alcohol.


Standard drink Guidelines p51

For Men:

No more than 4 standard drinks on a day on average and no more than 6 standard drinks on any one day.

For Women:

No more 2 standard drinks on a day on average and no more than 4 standard drinks on any one day.

1 to 2 alcohol free days per week.

Source: Aust. Government: Dept of Health & Ageing


One drink isn’t always one drink

1.8 1.5 1

180ml 375ml 30ml

Ave restaurant serve Full strength Spirit

12% Alc/Vol 4.9% Alc./Vol +/- 40% Alc./Vol

Source: Aust. Government: Dept of Health & Ageing:


Activity: Why do people drink?

For a variety of reasons:



Loss of inhibitions

Peer pressure


Work/life pressures


Activity: Complete ‘What are the immediate effects of alcohol consumption’ activity on page 54.


After a few drinks: happy, more relaxed, less concentration, slow reflexes

A few more… less inhibited, more confidence, less co-ordination, slurred speech, intense moods

A few more… confusion, blurred

vision, poor muscle control

More still… Nausea, vomiting,

sleep, aggressive behaviour,

fighting, danger to self and



Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) p55

‘Your BAC is a measure of the amount of alcohol you have in your blood.

‘The measurement is the number of

grams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood.

‘For example, a BAC of  0.05 means 0.05

grams or 50 milligrams of alcohol in every 100 millilitres of blood.



Activity: What are some factors affecting your BAC?

  • Body size
  • Empty stomach
  • Body fat
  • Gender
  • Drugs/Medication
  • Time period
  • General Health

Binge Drinking

  • 5 or more drinks in one drinking session;
  • Increasing trend in Australia, especially among young people;
  • Average age of first use of alcohol – 14 years;
  • Harmful – can result in acute intoxication;
  • Major cause of alcohol poisoning, which
  • can lead to death;
  • It can lead people to put themselves in
  • dangerous situations and to take risks with
  • their health and wellbeing.

Avoid Binge Drinking

  • Set limits for yourself, and stick to them;
  • Start with a non-alcoholic drink;
  • Drink slowly. Take sips, not gulps;
  • Remember that 'alcopops’' (sweet-flavoured pre-mixed drinks)
  • often mask the taste of the alcohol, but they do not mask the effects;
  • Try the low-alcohol alternative;
  • Eat before or while drinking, and avoid salty snacks, which make you
  • thirsty;
  • Avoid rounds or 'shouts‘;
  • Have one drink at a time so you can keep track of your drinks—avoid
  • 'topping up‘;
  • Pace yourself;
  • Stay busy — don't just sit and drink;
  • Have at least two alcohol-free days a week;
  • Be assertive — don't be pressured into drinking more than you want or
  • intend to.
  • Source: The Australian Drug Foundation’s Druginfo Clearinghouse

Drink Spiking p79

A crime that occurs when alcohol or another drug is added to a

person’s drink without their knowledge or


Drinks can be spiked in any setting and by

anyone: friend, acquaintance, work colleague,

date or a stranger.

The drug most commonly used to spike drinks is alcohol eg. Vodka

Common physiological effects are: vomiting, unconsciousness, poor coordination and balance, slurred speech, lowered inhibitions, drowsiness, dizziness, loss of motor skills, impaired judgment, visual problems and nausea. These symptoms are also commonly associated with intoxication.


Drink Spiking – the facts

  • Most victims are female but drink spiking also happens to males;
  • Prank spiking is the most prevalent form of drink spiking with most
  • perpetrators having no criminal intent;
  • Extra unrequested alcohol is the most commonly used drug in drink
  • spiking;
  • Frequently goes unreported;
  • Two thirds of drink spiking incidents
  • occur in licensed premises.

Activity: Drinking and Driving

Legal limit for fully licenced drivers in NSW 0.05%

Legal limit for provisional licence holders in NSW 0.00%

Legal limit for learner drivers in NSW 0.00%

Legal limit for drivers of ‘gross vehicle mass’ 0.02%

Greater than 13.9 tonnes

Drivers of public vehicles/dangerous loads 0.02%

Crash Risk

.05 Double the crash risk

BAC .08 7 times the crash risk

.15 25 times the crash risk


Drink Driving p58

  • In NSW, police have the power to:
  • Stop drivers at random to test for alcohol.
  • Arrest drivers who test over the legal limit.
  • Arrest drivers they believe are impaired
  • by drugs, and conduct a blood and urine test
  • Require a driver to undergo a sobriety
  • test in certain circumstances.
  • Fatal crashes involving alcohol have dropped from 40% to 19%
  • 88% are men
  • 75% under the age of 40
  • 3.4 million breath tests in NSW in 2007.
  • Source:

Factors that affect susceptibility to p60

  • alcohol
  • Gender
  • Pregnant / Breastfeeding women
  • Age
  • Mental health and sleeping patterns
  • Medication and drug use
  • Specific health conditions
  • Family history
  • Indigenous Australians
  • Non-English Speaking Background

Activity: How alcohol leaves the body

Fresh air will sober you up

Cold shower will sober you up

Exercise will sober you up

Black coffee will sober you up

Vomiting will sober you up

It’s okay to drive if you don’t feel drunk

Time will sober you up









How alcohol leaves the body?

  • Sobering up takes a long time
  • ‘Small amounts of alcohol leave your body in your:
  • urine,
  • sweat and
  • breath.  
  • ‘There is no way you can speed up the rate your body gets rid of
  • alcohol.
  • ‘Remember after a big night out you may still be over the zero
  • alcohol limit for much of the next day.’
  • Source: Roads & Traffic Authority NSW –

Safe Levels of Alcohol? p65

‘Due to the different ways that alcohol

can affect people, there is no amount

of alcohol that can be said to be safe

for everyone. People choosing to drink

must realise that there will always be

some risk to their health and social well-

being. However, there are ways to

minimise the risks.’

Source: Australian Government – Department of Health and Aging


Summary p65

Each beverage consumed will vary in how many standard drinks it contains – don’t get caught out.

Drinking guidelines for men and women differ, both however must have 1 to 2 days alcohol free per week.

We consume alcohol for a variety of reasons, but the amount we consume can have far reaching negative health consequences.

Do not let your patrons drink and drive. This also applies to you.

Sobering up takes a long time.


Revision Questions

  • What is a standard drink?
  • What can affect your BAC?
  • What are some long term effects on the body from excessive drinking?
  • Are there safe levels of alcohol consumption?