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Building Intercultural Competence for Ministers. Modules for Training Workshop Committee On Cultural Diversity in the Church United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Statement on new evangelization from Lineamenta of XIII Synod of Bishops .

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slide1

Building Intercultural Competence for Ministers

Modules for Training Workshop

Committee On Cultural Diversity in the Church

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

slide2

Statement on new evangelization from Lineamenta of XIII Synod of Bishops

A new evangelization is synonymous with mission, requiring the capacity to set out anew, go beyond boundaries and broaden horizons.

The new evangelization is the opposite of self-sufficiency, a withdrawal into oneself, a status quo mentality and an idea that pastoral programs are simply to proceed as they did in the past.

Today, a “business as usual” attitude can no longer be the case.

Some local Churches, already engaged in renewal, confirm the fact that now is the time for the Church to call upon every Christian community to evaluate their pastoral practice on the basis of the missionary character of their programs and activities.

-Lineamenta for the XIII Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in October 2012

slide3

Module 1

  • Frame issues of diversity theologically in terms of the Church’s identity and mission to evangelize
slide4

The Church’s Mission is

to Evangelize

  • To proclaim the Gospel message
  • To dialogue with cultures
slide5

Four Pillars of Evangelization

  • ˚ Personal encounter with Christ Conversion
  • ˚ Inculturation – conversion (transformation) of cultures
  • ˚ Liberation (Transformation of the social, economic and political order) e.g. Catholic social doctrine
  • ˚ Ecumenism and inter-religious dialogue
slide6

The Church’s Very Nature is Missionary

By virtue of Baptism all Christians are missionary disciples of Christ –

“the church is in its entirety evangelizing”

slide7

Terms commonly used in reference to evangelization

  • ˚ GUADIUM ET SPES #’S 56ff. VATICAN II
  • ˚ EVANGELII NUNTIANDI (POPE PAUL VI)
  • ˚ CATECHESI TRADENDAE (POPE JOHN PAUL II)
  • ˚ REDEMPTORIS MISSIO (POPE JOHN PAUL II)
    • “New Evangelization”
    • The new Areopagoi
    • The Court of the Gentiles
slide8

The New Evangelization in the United States

  • ˚ The U.S. context is increasingly multicultural and pluralistic
  • ˚ Yet the U.S. is a culturally Protestant country
    • - How is this exemplified? (e.g. attitude toward poor)
  • ˚ A secular culture Secularity and Secularism
  • ˚ Yet quite religious
    • - “Religion is okay as long as it is kept to oneself, private”
slide9

U.S. Bishops’ ‘GoandMakeDisciples’

  • ˚ Deepen faith in order to share it
  • with others
  • ˚ Invite all U.S. society to hear the
  • Gospel message
  • ˚ Foster Gospel values in society
slide10

Other Examples

  • ˚ Regional synods of bishops leading to Jubilee Year 2000
  • ˚ General Directory on Catechesis
  • ˚ National Directory on Catechesis
  • ˚ Ecclesia in America
  • ˚ The Pontifical Council for the New Evangelization
slide11

The New Evangelization in the United States

  • ˚ The U.S. context is increasingly multicultural and “pluralistic”
  • ˚ Yet the U.S. is a culturally Protestant country
    • How is this exemplified? (e.g. attitude toward poor)
  • ˚ A secular culture Secularity and Secularism
  • ˚ Yet quite religious
    • - “Religion is okay as long as it is kept to oneself, private”
slide12

The New Evangelization in the United States

  • ˚ Church growth through immigration and birth rates dramatic demographic shift.
  • ˚ Hispanics are most numerous and youthful Catholic group.
  • ˚ Disenchanted Catholics, a huge number
  • ˚ Special challenges: Individualism, Materialism
  • ˚ Catholic vision of the human person puts individual in relationships (e.g. in the family, community, culture, ecclesial)
slide13

Challenges to the New Evangelization in a society and church of many cultures

  • The teachings of the U.S. Bishops:
    • The Hispanic Presence in the New Evangelization
    • ˚ Native American Catholics at the Millennium
    • ˚ Asian and Pacific Presence: Harmony and Faith
    • ˚ What We Have Seen and Heard
    • ˚ Welcoming the Stranger Among Us: Unity in Diversity
slide14

UNDERPINNINGS OF A THEOLOGY

FOR INTERCULTURAL MINISTRY

slide15

UNDERPINNINGS OF A THEOLOGY

FOR INTERCULTURAL MINISTRY

  • ˚ Christian Anthropology - (A Christian Understanding of the Human Person)
  • ˚ Ecclesiology: The Church as Communion
  • ˚ Catholicity: Universality, Unity in Diversity
  • ˚ The Church as missionary
slide17

Exercise 1

  • Read one of the scriptures and discuss what strikes you about it and how it relates to evangelization today.
    • Genesis 11: 1-9
    • The Book of Ruth
    • Matthew 15: 21-28
    • John 4: 5-42
    • Acts 10: 1-35
    • Acts 15: 1-33
    • Galatians 2: 11-16
slide18

Exercise 2

  • In small groups, discuss the following:
    • If someone asked you to express the central message of the Gospel in a nutshell how would you answer? What sources in the Gospels would you cite?
    • 2. How would you express in a nutshell the
    • values of the prevailing U.S. culture?
slide19

Exercise 3

  • Choose oneof the following questions to discuss in your small group:
    • How does the prevailing United States culture square with the Gospel?
    • How does Hispanic/Latino culture square with the Gospel?
    • Pick another culture not yet mentioned, e.g., African American, Vietnamese, Korean, and ask how it squares with the Gospel.
    • How can the Gospel be communicated to the culture of youth and young adults in the United States.
slide20

Module 2

  • Seek an understanding of culture and how it works
slide22

Intercultural Competence

˚ Intercultural Competence is the capacity to communicate, relate and work across cultural boundaries.

˚ Intercultural sensitivity.

slide23

Three Key Components of

Intercultural Competence

  • Intercultural competence involves developing capacity in three areas:
    • ˚ Attitudes
    • ˚ Knowledge
    • ˚ Skills
slide25

Attitude

  • ˚ Respect (valuing other cultures)
  • ˚ Openness (withholding judgment)
  • ˚ Curiosity & Discovery (tolerating
  • ambiguity)
slide26

Knowledge

˚ Knowledge & Comprehension

˚ Cultural self-awareness

˚ Deep Cultural Knowledge

˚ Sociolinguistic Awareness

slide27

Skills

˚ To listen, observe & evaluate

˚ To analyze, interpret & relate

slide28

The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, “U. S. Religious Landscape Survey”, conducted in 2007 released in 2008. The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life ,Pew Research Center a subsidiary of Pew Charitable Trusts, September 22, 2010.http://religions.pewforum.org/reports

slide29

Two Pathways to

Intercultural Competence

  • ˚ The prevailing culture can get along to a great degree
  • with very little knowledge of other cultures.
  • ˚ Other cultures (which are not of the
  • prevailing culture) have already learned a
  • lot about intercultural communication in
  • order to survive.
slide30

Pathways to Intercultural Competence

Everybody loves green!

Paint the wall green?

We’ll get them to like red.

slide31

ParametersofCultures

˚ Fundamental ideologies vary drastically between different cultures.

˚ Understanding cultural ideologies is important because it shapes our everyday perception of others and the world around us.

˚ Recognizing differences in cultural ideology can be difficult because our own ideologies are very intuitive.

slide35

Contrasting Ideologies between different cultures

Feminine

Cultures

Masculine Cultures

slide37

http://www.usccb.org/

http://www.usccb.org/scdc/

http://www.facebook.com/usccb

http://www.youtube.com/usccb

http://twitter.com/CatholiCultures

slide38

Intercultural Competence

Communication Styles and Skills

Secretariat of Cultural Diversity in the Church (CDC)

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB)

www. usccb.org

slide39

Dimensions/Elements of Culture

Three elements/dimensions:

Material

Behavior

Ideas

slide40

Iceberg Concept of Culture

Materials/Objects

Behaviors/Actions

Values

Thought Patterns

Assumptions

Concepts

Attitudes

Beliefs

Perceptions

slide41

Modern Culture

Modern Culture means the unity of languages,

custom, and territory of a particular people.

slide42

Post Modern Culture

Post Modern Culture is a blended way of living – traces of one’s first culture as well as borrowing from second or other cultures, and even adapting or creating new ways of living…creating a “third culture”

Learning a different beat

Eating with

Chopsticks

Empowering youth

Preparing tea the Japanese way

Active youth participation

Learning to dance the hula

slide43

Classical

Culture means the highest

artistic products of a people its

poetry, literature, music, art,

architecture, etc.

slide44

What is culture?

Culture is the particular way in which a human group interprets life and relates with nature, God, the world, and other peoples. Culture is not accidental, but an integral part of human life. Culture is lived and expressed through traditions, languages, relationships, food, music, and religious expressions. It embraces the totality of life of the group and the life of each individual who belongs to it; therefore, all human beings relate and respond to God and express this faith from and within their culture.

-Principles for Inculturation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Department of Education, USCCB

slide45

Module 3

  • Develop intercultural communication skills in pastoral settings
slide47

Competencies in Intercultural Group Communications

Communication Styles Based on Face Management

Leadership

Dealing with Conflict

Meeting and Decision Making

slide48

Working with Groups in Intercultural/Interracial Settings

  • Communication Styles Based on Face Management
  • Meeting and Decision-Making
  • Leadership
  • Dealing With Conflict
slide52

Facework

Facework - what we do – “specific verbal and nonverbal behaviors - to maintain or restore face loss and to uphold and honor face gain. Face loss occurs when we are being treated in such a way that our expected identity claims are challenged or ignored.”

slide53

Communications Styles

Individualist

Collectivist

Hierarchy

More body language

High context

Indirect

Yes can be yes or no

Equality

Language code - verbal

Context – low

Direct

Yes means a yes

slide54

Communications Styles

Individualist

˚ Silence means absence of communication or “Silence means consent”

˚ Emotions – PDE

˚ Body language –

-Eye contact means respect and sincerity

-Proximity means intimacy

slide55

Communications Styles

Collectivist

˚ Silence means respectful listening

˚ Emotions: stoic, no PDE

˚ Body language:

-Eye contact means disrespect and challenge

-Proximity means seriousness of intentions

slide56

Body Language

Spatial relationships – distance between yourself and the other person

Body movements – facial expressions, gestures, posture

Verbal: words

Vocal: volume, pitch, speed, etc.

Body Language: facial expressions

7 percent

38 percent

55 percent

slide57

Meetings and Decision-Making

Individualist – equality, low context/long time-orientation

˚ Plan purpose and agenda.

˚ Time-bound.

˚ Clear rules of order or process of participation.

˚ Everyone is encouraged to speak.

˚ Open discussion and debate.

˚ Decision is made.

slide58

Meetings and Decision-Making

Collectivist – hierarchy, high context, short-term time orientation

˚ Establish and maintain harmony and good relations

˚ Establish and maintain face.

˚ Elders/status speak first.

˚ Young members may not speak at all and will not contradict.

˚ Group caucus used to raise issues and questions and to make decisions.

˚ Spokesperson speaks for group so decision is group voice.

slide59

Mutual Invitation Process(Eric H.F. Law)

Objective: To facilitate sharing and discussion in a multicultural group.

How to Proceed:

Let participants know how much time is set aside for this process.

Introduce the topic to be discussed or questions to be answered.

slide60

Mutual Invitation Process(Eric H.F. Law)

˚ Explain the process – In order to ensure that everyone who wants to share has the opportunity to speak –

- The leader will share first.

- After the leader has spoken, she/he then invites another to share. Whom you invite does not need to be the person next to you.

- After the next person has spoken, that person invites another to share.

- If you don’t want to say anything, simply say “pass” and proceed to invite another to share. We will do this until everyone has been invited.

slide61

Keep in Mind…Group Communication

Individualists

˚Learn to get out of the ‘doing ’mode and enter a ‘being’ mode.

˚ Invite others to speak. Do not monopolize.

˚ Speak slowly, clearly, not louder.

˚ Attentively listen to others. Develop an ear for different language accents.

˚ Develop mutual respect and sufficient curiosity as you teach and learn from others.

˚ Develop intercultural communication fluency.

slide62

Keep in Mind…Group Communication

Collectivists

˚ Plan to participate. Write down points you wish to bring up. Practice to gain self-confidence.

˚ Don’t always wait to be invited to speak. Volunteer to speak and share from your experience.

˚ Speak clearly, confidently, loudly.

˚ Focus talking points. Do not monopolize.

˚ Attentively listen to others. Develop an ear for different language accents.

˚ Develop linguistic competence and intercultural communication fluency

slide63

Leadership in intercultural/interracial settings

Individualist – Task

Collectivist - Harmony

Prefer leaders who :

˚ Lead competently to accomplish task

˚ Skilled planners, set goals.

˚ Skilled facilitators that enable contribution of all talents

˚ Earned credentials from education or training

˚ Keep track of time

Prefer leaders who:

˚ Hold high rank and status in the community

˚ Trustworthy and highly respected

˚ Skilled at maintaining sense of community, good relations and harmony in the group

slide64

Dealing with Conflict: Conflict is a natural part of human interaction.

Conflict can be an opportunity.

Strategy depends on external context, issues, and relationships.

Individualist

Collectivist

˚ Relationship is at stake

˚ Concern is to maintain face

˚ Mode is indirect style

˚ Strategies - sometimes avoidance (eluding the conflict topic, the conflict party, or the conflict situations), obliging or accommodating the other party’s concern above one’s own, use intermediaries to resolve conflictual situations

˚ Issues are at stake

˚ Concern is to resolve the issues

˚ Mode of communication is direct

˚ Strategies - aggressive, up front , dominating in order to win in conflict situations

slide65

Module 4

  • Expand one’s knowledge of the obstacles which impede effective intercultural relations
slide67

Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination

Prejudice is a hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group.

slide68

Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination

A Stereotype is a generalization about a group of people in which identical characteristics are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members.

slide69

Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination

Discrimination is an unjustified negative or harmful action towards a member of a group, simply because of his or her membership in that group.

slide70

What Causes Prejudice?

The Way We Think

The first step in prejudice is the creation of groups.

slide71

What Causes Prejudice?

The Way We Think

In-Group bias is the especially positive feelings and special treatment we reserve for people we have defined as part of our in-group.

slide72

What Causes Prejudice?

The Way We Think

Another categorization is out-group bias. Usually, the perception of the out-group is negative.

slide73

Ways We Judge the “Other”

  • ˚ We generalizeabout them
  • ˚ We demonize them
  • ˚ We see them as helpless children
  • ˚ We trivialize painful differences
  • ˚ We make them invisible
slide74

Study Question

What can we do to eliminate prejudice?

slide76

Intercultural Leaders with Voices That Capture the Reality of Racism

  • The challenge before us to deal with racisms of various kinds is as old as the Church.
    • Racism, as used in this context, is a social dysfunction in which people do not see others as their brothers and sisters in the same human family.
    • Racism denotes the fact that there is not one means of depersonalizing people as the “others,” but many ways.
    • There is the “otherness” of race, gender, class, religion, ethnicity, and culture.
slide77

St. Paul’s Letter to the Galatians, Chapter 2:1-13, 3:27-29

  • ˚ The challenge of cultural diversity in the Church is to not deny that those of us who are framing the question are also influenced by the unperceived racism around us.
  • ˚ We effectively deny this challenge by simply imposing a “Don‘t Talk Rule,” which directs us as members of our cultures to:
    • Not talk about race.
    • Deny any feelings that we have in regard to race.
    • Not trust ourselves with the subject.
slide78

St. Paul’s Letter to the Galatians, Chapter 2:1-13, 3:27-29

  • ˚ How do we as leaders in the Church break the “Don‘t Talk” rule and transform the elephant in the room into a house pet?
  • ˚ We begin by developing the cultural competence to find our voice in a racialized culture.
  • ˚ We begin by practicing the “Do Talk” rule:
    • Talk about race.
    • Express our feelings about race.
    • Trust our own efforts to express the reality to guide our journey.
slide79

St. Paul’s Letter to the Galatians, Chapter 2:1-13, 3:27-29

  • ˚ To begin our journey and growth in competency we have to find our voice.
  • ˚ Our first exercise to find our voice in the area of racism calls for us to identify the obstacles.
  • ˚ The FIG term was developed by Fr. Boniface Hardin, OSB to assist those seeking to free themselves from racial anxiety when discussing racial issues.
  • ˚ Hardin sees that our racial anxiety arises from three areas: fear, ignoranceand guilt, thus the FIG Complex.
slide80

The FIG Complex

  • ˚ Fear when speaking about race or racisms (discrimination).
  • ˚ Ignorance that I have when speaking about race or racism (discrimination).
  • ˚Guilt when talking about race or racism (discrimination).
slide81

Finding Our Voice

  • ˚ Intercultural leaders are called to move beyond fear and anxiety as they lead the Body of Christ into the beloved community of the Fatherhood of God.
  • ˚ This is the work of the Gospel that all disciples of Jesus are called to in our day.
  • ˚ When we find our voice for expressing the reality of racism, we fulfill the prayer of Jesus in the Gospel of John: “…so that they all may be one, even as we are one” (John 17:11).
slide82

Framing Our Terms as We Find Our Voice

  • ˚ The term multicultural frames the conversation with terms supplied by the Anglo-Saxon Protestant context of the racial “other.”
  • ˚“Multicultural” became the umbrella to collect “non-white” realities and avoid the four letter ‘r-a-c-e’ word for whites and non-whites alike in our “Don‘t Talk” culture.
slide83

A Pluricultural Frame for the Intercultural Conversation

  • ˚ A conversation about diversity begins with the assumption that one‘s social representation in the cultures of the Americas begins with racial framing in a culture strongly influenced by white privilege.
  • ˚ The leader in the field is one who has a dual awareness of his or her own cultural description provided by white privilege and is also aware of how he or she participates simultaneously in a number of diverse cultures which are described within the larger context.
slide84

Some Main Points Regarding Galatians

  • ˚ In the 2nd chapter of Galatians, St. Paul criticizes St. Peter for his ethnocentrism against the Gentile converts and his hypocrisy in regarding them as the “other.”
  • ˚ He reminds Peter that we are reborn in Christ not as Jews and Gentiles, but as people of a new creation.
  • ˚ This early conflict which threatened the future existence of the Church can and does do the same damage if left unchecked by leaders.
slide85

˚ The plurality of racial groups in U.S. society will require a pluricultural lens to build the bridges of interculturality.

  • ˚ Leaders who have found their voice have assisted the Church in playing its proper role and in overcoming cultural, racial, and ethnic barriers.
  • ˚ Intercultural leaders of the 21st century will find St. Paul to be a role model for identifying and naming the reality of racism and building bridges between all of God‘s children.
slide86

Module 5

  • Foster ecclesial integration with a spirituality or reconciliation and mission
slide87

Pastoral Issues, Responses, and Principles

  • in Shared/Inter-cultural Parishes
slide89

The Methodology of The Church in America

Encounter with the living Jesus Christ

Conversion: to “turn one’s mind and heart around.”

Communion: The communion of the Church, rooted in God’s love, is called to offer all people the sense of identity, purpose and community they seek.

Solidarity: A firm and persevering determination to commit one-self and a whole faith community to the common good”

slide90

Cycle for Reconciliation

Hospitality

Hospitality

Solidarity

Conversion

Communion

Mission

Encounter

Reconciliation

Reconciliation

slide91

“GOING FISHING”The same old…

Discouraged by the loss of their Master the disciples try to go back to what they did before they met Jesus

slide92

“LOWERING THE NETS ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE BOAT”Breaking with old patterns - Encounter

Daylight breaks. A stranger appears on the shore and asks them about their fishing in a caring and familiar tone. By doing this Jesus helps them break the cycle of their obsession

slide93

“IT IS THE LORD”Recognizing Him in others - Conversion

It is only when they lower the nets on the other side, when they are free from their obsession that they are able to recognize who has been standing on the shore

slide94

JESUS PREPARES A MEAL FOR THEMCreating trust and safety - Communion

Jesus becomes the gracious host cooking for them, and inviting them to contribute their own newly caught fish

slide95

RECONNECTING“Do you love me?” - Solidarity

Jesus asks Simon, son of John, “Do you love me?”

slide96

COMISSIONING Mission“Feed my sheep!”

Jesus commissions Simon Peter by telling him to feed His sheep. Once again Peter is the Rock upon which the community is built. Peter’s vocation to care for Jesus’ flock allows him to remember his own past in a different way, and to help create a community where trust is nurtured so that denial will never happen again.

slide98

Models for Ministry Shared/Intercultural Parishes

Americanizing parish

˚Newcomers are expected to adapt

˚Parish staff need not gain language and intercultural

communication skills

˚ Newcomers, however, do not feel welcome and

experience alienation

slide99

Models for Ministry Shared/Intercultural Parishes

Personal/Ethnic Parish

˚Community is served in this particular cultural context and language

˚Leadership and parish staff reflect the culture of the parish

˚People from other cultural groups do not participate in these parishes for the most part

slide100

Models for Ministry Shared/Intercultural Parishes

Integrated parish

˚In the integrated parish, all cultural groups

are equitably and suitably served

˚There will be residual resentment on the

part of the various groups

˚Some groups will need help embracing

integration/inclusion

slide101

Models for Ministry Shared/Intercultural Parishes

˚In a recent study CARA shows that 33 percent of parishes

in the U.S. celebrate Mass in a language other than

English, compared with 22 percent in 2000

˚The great majority of these parishes are ‘shared’ by two or

more distinct cultural/ethnic communities.

˚ The shared parish model strives to achieve a high level of

ecclesial integration/inclusion among its diverse

members in a spirit of unity in diversity

slide102

Ecclesial Integration/Inclusion vs. Assimilation

Integration is not to be confused with assimilation. Through the policy of assimilation, new immigrants are forced to give up their language, culture, values, and traditions… By [ecclesial]integration we mean that all [cultural/ethnic communities] are to be welcomed to our church institutions at all levels. They are to be served in their language when possible, and their cultural values and religious traditions are to be respected. Beyond that, we must work toward mutual enrichment through interaction among all our cultures.

(National Pastoral Plan for Hispanic Ministry #4)

slide103

From Newcomers to Stewards of the Faith Community

Ownership

Belonging

Integration/Inclusion

Catholic

Identity

Stewardship

slide104

Cycle for Ecclesial Integration/Inclusion

Hospitality

Solidarity

Sense of belonging

Communion

Conversion

Ownership

Catholic Identity

Mission

Encounter

Stewardship

slide105

Movement 1 - Reaching Out: Meeting People where they are at

˚ Mission: visit them with good news

˚Affirmation: affirm their gifts and contributions

˚Invitation: invite them to the faith community to be at home away from home

slide106

Movement 1 - Reaching Out: Meeting People where they are at

Pastor

Pastoral

Council

Finance

Council

Staff

Well established community

Parish Territory

slide107

Movement 2 - Hospitality: MakePeople Feel At Home

˚Welcoming: have the ecclesial space

to be themselves

˚Identity: have room to develop their

own sense of identity

˚Trust and Safety: adapt to a different

culture from a position of strength

slide108

Movement 2 - Hospitality: MakePeople Feel At Home

Pastor

Sacramental

Minister

Sacramental

Minister

Hispanic

Committtee

Pastoral

Council

Finance

Council

Staff

Well established community

Parish Territory

slide109

Movement 3 - Organizing: Develop

  • Ministries And Ministers

˚Opportunity: they provide for their own

ministerial needs and aspirations

˚Support: parish staff and leaders work with

them to develop a comprehensive ministry

˚Room to grow: ministries include the four

dimensions of Christian life modeled in the

first Christian communities (Acts 2: 42-47)

and included in Encuentro and Mission

slide110

Movement 3 - Organizing: Develop

  • Ministries And Ministers

Sacramental

Minister

Pastor

Pastoral

Council

Hispanic

Committtee

Finance

Council

Staff

AG

L

C

Well established community

AM

SS

YM

Sacramental

Minister

Vietnamese

Committtee

OLL

L

AM

C

Parish Territory

YM

SS

slide111

Movement 4: Build Relationships Across Cultures and Ministries

˚Community: share their stories, religious traditions and cultural richness

˚Celebration: celebrate faith and life together with other ministries and cultures

˚Relationships: build relationships, community and unity between different cultural communities and ministries of the parish

slide112

Movement 4: Build Relationships Across Cultures and Ministries

Sacramental

Minister

Pastor

Hispanic

Committee

Parish

Council

Finance

Council

Staff

Well established community

Vietnamese

Committee

Sacramental

Minister

Parish Territory

slide113

Movement 5: Champion Leadership Development and Formation

˚ Mentoring: learn and seek opportunities for ongoing faith formation and training for ministry

˚ Access: invest time and talent in certificates and degree programs that are accessible

˚ Recognition: be recognized and supported as ministers by the entire parish community

slide114

Movement 5: Champion Leadership Development and Formation

Pastor

Hispanic

Committee

Finance

Council

PastoralCouncil

Vietnamese

Committee

Staff

Common Formation Experiences

Parish Territory

slide115

Movement 6: Open Wide The Doors ToThe Decision Making Process

˚ Decisions: space at the table where

decisions are made on culturally specific

ministries

˚ Leadership: an active voice on the life

and direction of the faith community as a

whole

˚ Representation: a place in ministry

leadership, parish staff and other decision

making groups

slide116

Movement 6: Open Wide The Doors ToThe Decision Making Process

FC = Finance Council

S = Staff

PC = Pastoral Council

Pastor

InterculturalCommission

S

FC

PC

Parish Territory

slide117

Movement 7: Strengthen A Sense

of Ownership

˚ Discernment: meaningful ways to be involved in the life of the faith community

˚ Solidarity: responsiveness from all parish staff on the needs and aspirations of their families and communities

˚ Authority: recognition by parish leadership and structure as members on equal terms

slide118

Movement 7: Strengthen A Sense

of Ownership

Pastor

InterculturalCommission

Staff

FC

PC

Sharing Resources

Parish Territory

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Movement 8: Sow And Reap Full Ownership and Stewardship

˚ Shared responsibility: contribute time, talent and treasure

˚ Inclusivity: build a culturally diverse faith community that is their own

˚ Discipleship: be active participants of a community of faith in which all cultures are constantly transformed by Gospel values in order to be leaven for the kingdom of God in society

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Movement 8: Sow And Reap Full Ownership and Stewardship

Pastor

InterculturalCommission

Staff

FC

PC

Time

Talent

Treasure

Stewardship

Parish Territory

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Movement 9: Achieve Full CommitmentTo The Mission Of The Parish

˚ Unity: strengthen the unity of the parish while honoring its diversity

˚ Mission: be alert and ready to invite and welcome newcomers in their midst

˚ Universality: become gente-puente by ministering with Catholics of all cultural backgrounds

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Movement 9: Achieve Full CommitmentTo The Mission Of The Parish

Pastor

Intercultural

Commission

Staff

FC

PC

Communion in Mission

Parish Territory

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Exercise

Small Group Discussions:

˚ In what movement is your parish?

˚ What are some steps you feel will help your parish achieve a higher movement of ecclesial integration/inclusion?

˚ What intercultural competencies are required?

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Generational Differences in Immigrant Communities

2nd Generation Challenges:

˚ Pose important issues for youth and young adult ministries and the catholic educational systems in immigrant settings

˚ Effects of this are sometimes seen in the third generation, the children of the second generation, especially when the second generation has tried to jettison the cultural identity of their immigrant parents

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Generational Differences in Immigrant Communities

˚ Recognize and affirm cultural, linguistic and

racial differences as a gift from God not a

problem to be solved

˚ Promote the formation of culturally specific

ministries, parish groups and apostolic

movements as means for conversion and

community building

˚ Avoid the temptation to expect others to

assimilate into a one-size- fits-all youth group,

program or activity

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Foster the enculturation of the Gospel in all cultures

  • ˚ Be aware of your own cultural heritage
  • ˚ Use the concept of enculturation of the
  • Gospel
  • ˚ Be willing to be a bridge builder rather
  • than a gate-keeper
  • ˚ Avoid the tendency to see your culture as
  • better or more valuable than the cultures of
  • others, and the we—they language
  • ˚ Commit to the spirit of mission of the
  • New Evangelization and its ongoing
  • transformation of all cultures by the Gospel
  • values
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Plan with the people,

  • not for the people
  • ˚ First listen and welcome the unique
  • perspectives of diverse parishioners you are
  • trying to reach
  • ˚ Include them, from the beginning, in the
  • development of plans, programs and
  • activities
  • ˚ Avoid planning for others and judging
  • them when they don’t show up to your
  • activity
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Cast a bigger net by broadening understanding of ministry groups, programs and structures

˚ Recognize the unique experiences, needs, and aspirations of

each cultural/ethnic community in your parish

˚ Understand that the existence of more than one cultural

group in your parish as a blessing

˚ Promote the formation of culturally specific groups and

apostolic movements

˚ Avoid the perception that allowing

the formation of culturally specific

groups creates division or separation

˚ Commit to creating welcoming spaces for

all Catholic people living in your parish

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Empower people from the different cultures/ethnicities into leadership positions

  • ˚Understand the way in which people from different cultures view leadership, organize themselves and make decisions
  • ˚ Identify indigenous leaders and mentor them into leadership positions in ministry within their own cultural/ethnic community and in the parish as a whole
  • ˚ Avoid a mentality of scarcity- ‘there is not enough for everyone’- and foster a vision of mission and growth that generates more resources
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Credits

Content & Research

Alejandro Aguilera–Titus

Kenneth Johnson Mondragon

Rev. Robert Schreiter, CPPS

Layout, Design and Editing

Isaac E. Govea

Melisa A. Rivera

Matthew Manopoli

Territorial Parish Graphics

Michael Theisen

Isaac E. Govea

Illustrations and Art Work

Maximino Cerezo Barredo

Encuentro 2000 Logo, USCCB

USCCB Logo