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EE-CS R and D in India. U. B. Desai SPANN Lab Department of Electrical Engineering IIT-Bombay Powai, Mumbai 400076 India http://ee.iitb.ac.in/~spann. EE-CS R & D in India. Daunting task, simply because the canvas is too vast Will provide highlights …

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ee cs r and d in india

EE-CS R and D in India

U. B. Desai

SPANN Lab

Department of Electrical Engineering

IIT-Bombay

Powai, Mumbai 400076

India

http://ee.iitb.ac.in/~spann

ee cs r d in india
EE-CS R & D in India
  • Daunting task, simply because the canvas is too vast
  • Will provide highlights …
  • Likely to miss out on some key activities
slide3

As per 2001 Census

  • 3.28 million sq kilometers
  • 35 States and Union Territories
  • Population: 1,028,610,328
  • No. of Households: 193,579,954
  • Avg. No. of persons per household: 5.3
  • No. of Villages: 638,588
  • No. of Towns 6161

As per July 2005

  • GDP: $650 billion
  • Per Capita income: $534
  • India’s economy ranked
  • 120w.r.t. per capita GDP
  • But ranked 4 if one considers
  • PPP (purchasing power parity);
  • after US, China and Japan
slide4

Academic

Institutions

ISRO

(Space Research

Centers)

R n D

Organizations

in

India

Industry

DRDO

Defense Research

Centers

Department of

Atomic Energy

academic organizations

CDAC, BITS-Pilani, IIITs (Hyderabad, Bangalore)

NITs (National Institute of Technology), Other IIITs (Allahbad,

Ahemdabad, …), BIT-Mesra, Anna Univ., Other Univs.,

and Private Colleges, …

Academic Organizations

TIFR, IISc, Seven IITs, ISI-Cal, Inst. of Math Sci.

slide6

DSIR

Dept. of Sci. and

Indust. Res.

MHRD

Ministry of Human

Resource Development

DST

Department of

Science and Tech

Sources of

Research Funding

for Academic

Institutions

Industry

MICT

Ministry of Info.

And Comm. Tech.

DRDO

Defense Research

Dev. Org.

Department of

Atomic Energy

ISRO

Indian Space

Research Org.

two exceptional achievements made worldwide impact
Two Exceptional Achievements: Made Worldwide Impact
  • Manindra Agrawal, CSE Dept.

IIT-Kanpur

    • Discovered a polynomial time deterministic algorithm to test if an input number is prime or not.
    • Solved a long standing problem on polynomial test for primality
    • Two B.Tech. students form IITK were involved with this work.
two exceptional achievements
Two Exceptional Achievements …

CorDECT

  • Ashok Jhunjhunwala EE Dept. IIT-Madras
    • Developed Wireless local loop (WLL) technology -- CorDECT
    • Incubated companies which markets this products worldwide -- particularly in developing countries (Africa, Middle East)
    • Extensively deployed in rural India
    • Various services on the CorDECT pipe

Rural ATM

slide9

R and D Vision at

Academic Institutions

Theory,

Algorithms,

Publications

at International

Forums

Leadership in

Research

and

Development

Technology

Development

Partnership

with Industries

Incubate Companies

slide10

No. among

Top 1% of

Cited Papers

Per Capita

R&D

Expenditure

(US$)

R&D

Expenditure

per top cited

Paper

US$ million

Expenditure

Per scientist

(US$ 000)

Scientist

Per mill

Population

R & D Expenditure

Source: UNESCO Statistical year Book, 1999; R. Chidambaram, Current Science, 25 March 2005

slide11

Wireless

Communication

NextGen Wireless

Signal Processing

Comm. Networks

802.16

4G

Space-Time

Signal Processing

Sensor Networks

Info. Thy and

Coding

Ultra Wideband

(UWB)

Embedded

Systems

Optical Comm.

RFID

Speech Processing

Multimedia

Pattern Recog.

Computer Vision

Cryptography

Biomedical Signal

Processing

Nanotechnology

VLSI

Network Security

Devices

Communication

and Electronics

slide12

Distributed

Computing

Theoretical CS

Soft Computing

Mobile

Computing

Databases

And

Web Technology

Ubiquitous

Computing

Language

Technologies

Compilers

Bioinformatics

Computer Graphics

Ad Hoc Networks

Computer Vision

Machine Translation

Grid Computing

Software Engrg.

Digital Library

Human Computer

Interaction

Machine Learning

Intelligent Systems

Computer Science

& Engineering

slide13

Wireless

Communication

Signal Processing

Comm. Networks

  • Thrust is on
    • Denoising Algorithms
    • Wavelets
    • Channel Modeling
    • Coding, receiver algorithms
    • Basically --- Physical Layer
  • Protocols
  • QoS
  • MAC
  • Stochastic Network Traffic Modeling
slide14

NextGen Wireless

802.16

4G

Space-Time

Signal Processing

Info. Thy and

Coding

  • Simulations for 802.16 (WiMax)
  • Space-time codes for 802.16de
  • Development of “Indian” profiles for 4G
  • (led by CeWIT at IITM)
  • Multiuser Detection
  • Cross layer optimization
slide15

Sensor Networks

Ultra Wideband

(UWB)

RFID

  • Mulithop, fault tolerant and energy
  • efficient protocols
  • Collaborative signal processing
  • Lab. test bed
  • Some beginnings
slide16

Computer Graphics

Multimedia

Pattern Recog.

Computer Vision

  • Multimedia
    • transcoding
    • media over wireless
  • Computer Vision and Graphics
    • gesture recognition
    • super-resolution
    • motion analysis
    • Rendering
    • Virtual Reality
slide17

Cryptography

Network Security

  • A thrust area for ministry
    • Encryption Algorithms
    • Elliptic curves based cryptography
    • RF based security for Wireless LANs
slide18

Language

Technologies

Speech Processing

  • Speech Recognition
  • Speech to SMS (CSR Lab. of Tata Infotech)
  • Machine Translation from Telugu,
  • Kanada, Marathi, Punjabi, Bengali to
  • to Hindi (IIIT-Hyd)
  • Domain specific search
  • engines (e.g. Cricket) (IIIT-Hyd)
slide19

Theoretical CS

  • Graph Partitioning
  • Graph Drawing Algorithms
  • Complexity Theory in the Algebraic Model
  • Parallel algorithms
  • Enumerative Combinatorics
slide20

Distributed

Computing

Soft Computing

Databases

And

Web Technology

  • Query processing,
  • indexing, and caching
  • in data-warehouses
  • and data marts.
  • Parallel databases, and
  • real-time databases
  • GIS
  • Transaction processing
  • and recovery
  • Web-interfaces to
  • databases
  • Novel architectures
  • (extended hypercube)
  • Distributed information
  • representation
  • distributed client server
  • information systems
  • Cased base reasoning
  • Genetic, Fuzzy and
  • Neural-net algos.
  • Probabilistic support
  • vector machines
  • Unsupervised learning
slide21

Mobile

Computing

Ad Hoc Networks

  • Energy efficient routing algorithms
  • Seamless handoff between GSM and WiFi
  • Mobile agents based wireless networking
  • Wireless protocols for 802.16e, 802.11, …
slide22

Machine Translation

Machine Learning

Intelligent Systems

  • Universal networking language
  • Combinatorial and stochastic methods
  • in machine learning
  • Semantics and Verification
product development
IISc, all ITTs, BITs, etc. have

Business Incubators

IITM

IISc -- SID (Soc. for Innovation and Development)

IITKgp - STEP

IITD -- FIST

IITB – SINE

IITK – SIIC

Proucts in the market:

Simputer – IISc

PARAM Computer from

CDAC

CorDECT – IITM

Rural ATM – IITM

Indian Language software tools package (CDAC, Chennai Kavigal, …)

Product Development
slide26

John F. Welch

“India is a developing country but it is a developed country

as far as its intellectual infrastructure is concerned. We get

the highest Intellectual capital per dollar”

Many multinationals, which include Microsoft, Motorola, Lucent, Google, IBM, TI, Analog Devices, Philips, Sony, Erickson, HP, Intel, Nokia etc. have already opened their R&D centers in the country. These centers are over and above their regular development centers.

slide27

Riardo Giacconi, a Nobel Laureate in Physics,

“A scientist is like a painter. Michelangelo became

a great artist, because he had been given a wall

to paint. My wall was given to me by the United States.”

Many thanks

Now such walls are emerging in India

and we are seeing a ray of reverse migration