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Considerations on barriers to data sharing. Elaine Collier, MD National Center for Research Resources National Institutes of Health. Considerations on Barriers. Existence of Data Data or Information Characteristics Technical Policy and Cultural Impacts Competing Interests

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Considerations on barriers to data sharing

Considerations on barriers to data sharing

Elaine Collier, MD

National Center for Research Resources

National Institutes of Health


Considerations on barriers
Considerations on Barriers

  • Existence of Data

  • Data or Information Characteristics

  • Technical

  • Policy and Cultural Impacts

  • Competing Interests

  • Privacy and Confidentiality

  • Cost


Existence of data
Existence of Data

  • Does the data or information exist?

  • Human or machine discoverable?

  • Requirements for discovery?

  • Characteristics of data discoverable?

  • Usability of data?

  • Access requirements for data?

  • Existence should be easily discoverable but….


Data characteristics
Data Characteristics

  • Semantics/Meaning of Data

  • Format or syntactic interoperability of data

  • Completeness – raw, aggregate, derived, selected

  • History of Data – provenance, curation

  • Links to other data?

  • Public or Private

  • Access controls


Semantics data quality
Semantics/Data quality

  • Durability

  • Annotation

  • Properties

  • Framework

  • Community needs or requirements

  • Shared Standards

  • Meaning

  • Content

  • Context

  • Temporal aspects

  • Granularity

  • Provenance or history

  • Language


Technical
Technical

  • Semantic and syntactic interoperability

  • Data formats and communication protocols

  • Availability – persistent? Versioning?

  • Requirements for re-use, or re-purposing ?

  • Cleaning, derivation, documentation?

  • Repository or publisher of data

  • Linked to other data?

  • Preservation

  • Impact of technology changes


Policy and cultural
Policy and Cultural

  • Fear of misuse of data

  • Confidentiality or privacy concern

  • Legal considerations

  • Intellectual Property

  • Resources for sharing data

  • Resources for accessing data

    • Approval process?

    • Costs – technical, policy agreement


Competing interests
Competing interests

  • Researcher or collector

  • Institution or company

  • National competition or cooperation

  • Public versus private

  • Fame or Money?

  • Public Good versus Private Good?

  • Compete on use not data itself


Privacy and security
Privacy and Security

  • Impact of sharing

    • Individual

    • Institution

    • Population

    • Country

    • World

  • Cultural

  • Raw, aggregate, identifiable, links,

  • Clinical care and clinical research data

  • Audience


Cost

  • Whose cost?

  • Cost versus value?

  • Open or closed market?

  • Cultural and policy issues related to cost

  • Technical costs

  • Impact on usability and availability data


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