Lesson 13. Britannia Rues the Waves. dockside. Objectives of Teaching. To comprehend the whole text To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences To understand the structure of the text To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the passage.
Britannia Rues the Waves
container freight liner
general cargo liner
repent of; wish nonexistent
rue the day when one did sth.
You'll live to rue it.
Britannia rules the waves
Britain is sorry that she has lost her dominance on
the high seas.
Britain’s merchant fleet is no longer an important
item of news these days
anything on which one’s life depends
Shipping in Britain has developed into a famous,
exposure to harm or injury; imminent danger
at the peril of in peril
All is not lost that's in peril.
He is in peril of his life.
the British fleet faces the danger of being forced out
of the trade as a result of intense foreign competition.
eastern bloc countries
Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria,
sell or work at lower prices or wages than
strongly inclined or determined
situation tense in the Middle East.
There is no doubt that they are bent on the complete
destruction of Hitler and Nazism.
the lion’s share
the largest or best part of sth. when it is divided;
Several beasts joined the lion in a hunt; but , when
the spoil was divided, the lion claimed one quarter in
right of his prerogative, one for his superior courage,
one for his dam and cubs, “and as for the fourth, let
who will dispute it with me.” Awed by his frown, the
other beasts silently withdrew.
As usual, the lion’s share of the budget is for defense.
a share/interest, as in property, a person,
or a business venture
The simplest explanation for the Western nations’
reluctance to support sanctions is their considerable
economic stake in South Africa.
in which Britain has a big stake
Britain has important interests in these trade routes
Translate the clause “it can … in 1914”.
to a large amount; or considerable amount
put in a great deal of money
by timely exploitation
the shipping companies took advantage of
government grants and tax concessions.
launch a satellite
launch an attack
launch a new enterprise
many companies which had a long history couldn’t
stand the economic strain and went bankrupt.
(infml, esp. B. E.) risky and possibly dangerous
shipping conferences have made sea transportation
which in itself involves great danger less risky
to rap big profit, to make a large amount of money
suddenly, esp. in business
come through successfully; pass safely
through (storm, difficulty)
It was a difficult time for her, but she weathered
there will not be any rush and struggle to monopolize
the dwindling trade to the exclusion of others
Our profits have quadrupled in ten years.
charter rates plummeted
the amount of money paid for chartering oil-tankers
2. the state of being stored , or kept in
existence but not used, as of no further use
He keeps his car in mothballs during the winter
We shall have to put this idea in mothballs.
more and more oil tankers all over the world lay idle
British shipowners had not invested big in the tanker
trade from the very beginning when the demand of oil
a sudden falling off/decline, as in activity,
a stock market slump
because of the slump
1. a region of the ocean near the equator,
characterized by calms, light winds
2. a low and sad state of mind;
a state of inactivity
The President was relying heavily on his think tank
to shake his Administration out of the doldrums.
suffering caused by lack of necessary things,
American farmers, feeling the pinch, raised loud cries
The President’s economic sanction against the Soviet
Union should pinch in the months ahead.
with a reflexive pronoun)
The troops were entrenched near the mountains.
He entrenched himself behind his newspaper.
be entrenched within tradition
that is where Britain’s fleet is firmly and securely
established/has a firm hold
the going freight rate
currently accepted charge for sending the specified
(informal) a welcome or favourable addition
The clear weather was a plus for the golf tournament.
the plus and minus factors
a float moored in water as a warning of
danger or as a marker for a channel
ability to recover quickly from setbacks
so long as other industries are not affected and are
still developing in a satisfactory manner
That makes it possible for them to stand a better
Much of the fleet carries goods between foreign
the journey to a (stated) place by train or ship
a ship on the San Francisco run
a train on the Beijing-Shanghai run
British companies are doing much business on the
line between Japan and Australia.
the Persian Gulf
(often in pl.) an injurious intrusion on/into;
an advance, esp. at another's expense;
Foreign products have made inroads into the
These hospital expenses made inroads on my savings.
They are also the routes on which the Third World
and the Russians are making a determined effort to
take over (to grab) from Britain as much business
the status symbol
a sign which sows one’s high social position
Developing countries regard…after a national airline.
Developing countries consider a merchant navy very
important because it is a sign showing that these
countries have become economically strong and
independent, so after they have set up a national
airline, the next thing thy would like to have is a
admit defeat or failure; surrender
to spend money on those branches with advanced
and complex technology so that Third World countries
cannot afford and are not in a position to compete
provide (funds) in advance
They finally got a company to put up money for the
is far from being the whole…the Third World threat
this strategy is not at all (by no means) the complete
answer to the Third World threat. This does not
entirely solve the problem
New duties were imposed on wines and spirits.
2. obtrude or force (oneself, for example) on
another or others
Don't impose yourself on people who don't want you.
3. vi. to take unfair advantage
You are always imposing on their generosity.
they want to impose…of the shipping trade
they want to pass a series of rules for all the
countries to follow, hoping that in this way they will
be able to get the biggest share of the trade
be expressed by means of
At home, British outrage found expression in news
Growing mutual suspicion found its expression in
increased armaments and the preparation of plans
Let this plaque serve as an expression of our esteem.
the United Nations Conference on Trade and
That leaves only 20 per cent…cross-traders
The cross-traders will have to fight for their shares
of the 20 percent that have been left to them
if it is ratified by most of the countries and comes
show a satisfactory reason or excuse for
A far more serious view was taken of the situation
than was justified.
The course of events fully justifies our views.
Nothing can justify such careless mistakes.
He had justified every expectation.
Neither the growth in Russia’s trade nor that in world
trade would require ( warrant, demand) such a rapid
development of Russia’s cargo-liner fleet; would make
it necessary for the fleet to develop so rapidly.
has already penetrated (cut ) deeply into Western
trade, that is, has taken over a large part of the trade
carried by Western fleets
We simply can't afford to offend such an important
2. have enough money/time to do sth.
They can't afford to buy such an expensive color TV
3. be able to spare or give up
We are almost busy to death now and can't afford
an hour for lunch.
How is it possible for the Russians to stand the loss
of lowering the freight rate by 40 percent?
in our sense of the word
how we understand the word
the name of the game
(colloquial) the basic, central, or critical point of the
Well, all right, I said, the name of the game is trust:
you’ve got to trust things.
In the rough and tumble world of professional
basketball, survival is often the name of the game.
esp. in card games, the game’s object is expressed
by its name, as in the expression “to get 21”.
The thing that really counts (matters) for Russian
ships is foreign currency; the true purpose why the
Russians undercut by up to 40 percent is to grab the
trade( to squeeze out the competitors) and earn
What does the word “even” indicate?
do or provide (sth lacking, needed, not
done, lost or missed)
the loss can be compensated by the Soviet
government in roubles
that is not the only purpose of the Russians
The former allies are now sworn enemies. But there
was more to it than that: Vietnam has become Soviet
Russia’s pawn in Southeast Asia.
He turned and went out, cursing his own stupidity.
And yet as he walked towards the barn, he knew in
his heart that there was more to it than that.
which …reach well beyond its perimeters
these ships would undoubtedly make it possible for
the Soviet Union to exert its influence on countries
far from its territory
1. cause (an image) to appear on a surface
project the slide onto a screen
2. get (ideas, feelings, one’s presence etc.)
across to others effectively
A singer must learn to project his voice so as to be
heard in a large hall.
A politician must project himself if he wants to win
project one's country overseas
to project their power at some distance from their
to cause their influence to be felt at places far away
from their own territory
a plan to study and map the oceans with reference to
their navigational and commercial uses
this is also part of a general Soviet hydrographic
policy to map the oceans of the world
the mapping of the oceans will make its fleet familiar
with the main sea-routes all over the world; this
should be considered part of its expansionist policy
Translate the 25th paragraph.
greatest or smallest amount, degree, etc. of
what is possible
Are there no limits to your tolerance?
He will support it to the limit of the resources at his
There is a limit, …can do on its own.
There will be a point where the British government
finds it cannot do any more (finds it has exhausted
… has been calling for a coordinated response
Britain, West Germany and Demark have asked other
EEC member countries to take joint action to meet
the Russian challenge
the monitoring of Russian ship movements
the watching, following and checking on Russian
the French, because of their close connections with
the Soviet Union, created all kinds of difficulties to
prevent the adoption of plans that could put into
effect countermeasures to offset the Russian
Shipowners fear that… its merchant fleet.
Shipowners fear that those people might be more
concerned about employment in the shipyards than
about saving the British merchant fleet.
produce in quantity without quality; to
produce in an abundant & automatic manner
This factory churns out lots and lots of cars a day.
She churns out romantic novels.
government to another
British shipbuilders would raise all the credit
British shipbuilders would be responsible for securing
loans for the Poles
Smaller shipping lines do not have the resources to
Smaller shipping companies cannot afford to invest in
several different trades so as to make sure they won’t
suffer great losses.
when these smaller shipping companies go bankrupt
(are forced out of business), a big part of the few old
industries that have been doing well and bringing in
huge profits will also close down (stop functioning)