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OVERVIEW OF MDG IN LEBANON National Workshop for the integration of Population matters including Reproductive Health and Gender into national Development Planning May 3-11, 2006 Asma Kurdahi, Assistant Representative UNFPA Lebanon. Millennium Development Goals.

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OVERVIEW OF MDG IN LEBANON

National Workshop for the integration of Population matters including Reproductive Health and Gender into national Development Planning

May 3-11, 2006

Asma Kurdahi, Assistant Representative

UNFPA Lebanon

millennium development goals
Millennium Development Goals
  • In 2000, the Millennium Declaration set 8 mutually reinforcing time-bound development goals and related targets for progressively eradicating poverty
  • MDGs and targets now at forefront of development agenda: agreed by developing countries and development partners – capture multidimensionality of poverty
  • Baseline for MDGs 1990: target for realization 2015
  • Progress towards the 8 goals and 11 targets monitored through 43 agreed indicators
millennium development goals1
Millennium Development Goals
  • GOAL 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty
  • GOAL 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
  • GOAL 3: Promote Gender Equity and Empower Women
  • GOAL 4: Reduce Child Mortality
  • GOAL 5: Improve Maternal Health
  • GOAL 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  • GOAL 6: Ensure Environmental sustainability
  • GOAL 8: Develop Global Partnership
mdg lebanon report
MDG Lebanon Report
  • Status/progress
mdg lebanon report status
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty
    • 7% of the Lebanese live in extreme poor conditions.
mdg lebanon report status1
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
    • Significant progress made to date
    • 40% dropouts before completion of basic education
    • Quality of education
    • Missing of enrollment opportunities due to misdistribution of schools
    • Mismanagement of human resources
    • Weak vocational education
    • Regional disparities
    • Weak integration of people with special needs
mdg lebanon report status2
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 3: Promote Gender Equity and Empower Women
    • Closing gap of girls to boys ratio in primary education
    • Illiteracy rates higher among females than males (with improvement in younger age groups)
    • Gender disparities in economic activity (21% of women in labor force) and wages
    • Low female representation in decision making and participation in public life (though improvement in women’s representation in municipality elections)
    • Little progress related to CEDAW
mdg lebanon report status3
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 4: Reduce Child Mortality
    • Improvement in child mortality (i.e. IMR 26/1000 in 2000 vs 19/1000 in 2004)
    • Significant progress in prevention of diarrhea and home management
    • Polio and measles outbreak though 90% coverage in 2000 (latest case of polio in 1994)
    • Regional disparities i.e. a child born in Aakar or Balbek 3 times more likely to die than in Beirut
mdg lebanon report status4
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 5: Improve Maternal Health
    • Improvement in maternal mortality (i.e. 104 in 1996 to 80/100,000 in 2004)
    • Stability in birth attended by skilled personnel (i.e. 96%)
    • Drop in contraceptive prevalence rate (i.e. 62% in 2000 vs 58% in 2004)
    • Regional disparities for prenatal care (98% in Beirut vs 89% in Bekaa)
    • Low utilization of Public Sector outlets compared to private sector)
mdg lebanon report status5
MDG Lebanon Report: Status
  • GOAL 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
    • National Strategic plan 2004-2009
    • M&E system in place
    • 903 reported cases (end 2005) compared to 700 cases (early 2003)
    • Change in disease pattern (i.e. more cases among youth + less due to travel)
    • Youth more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS (62% started first Sexual intercourse at age 20 and 36% of 15-24 age groups use condoms in 2004 compared to 24% in 1996)
    • HIV/AIDS considered a taboo
    • Weak referral system and absence of full range of services to at risk population
mdgs in lebanon
MDGs in Lebanon
  • Lessons learned and challenges
mdg lebanon report lessons learned
MDG Lebanon Report: Lessons learned
  • Absence of comprehensive, updated, and accurate statistical system
  • Unrealistic, low prevalence and not very meaningful targets (i.e. girls to boys ratio to primary education, proportion of birth by skilled personnel)
  • Absence of priority areas (i.e. young people, migration, ageing) and analysis (i.e. maternal morbidity)
mdg lebanon report lessons learned cont d
MDG Lebanon Report: Lessons learned (Cont’d)
  • Weak linkage of gender, education, and health goals with poverty goals
  • Model for MDG costing exercise may not have been the needed one
  • Absence of a comprehensive and regular monitoring system of MDG goals and targets
  • Weak coordination among various players
mdgs in lebanon1
MDGs in Lebanon
  • Recommendations
mdg lebanon report recommendations
MDG Lebanon Report: Recommendations
  • Develop and agree on regular, periodic, updated, and needed statistical plan
  • Address demographic transitions and projections in analysis
  • Address needs and situation of all population (including youth, aged, people with special needs, population at risk) in analysis
mdg lebanon report recommendations cont d
MDG Lebanon Report: Recommendations (Cont’d)
  • Mainstream gender and human rights dimensions in analysis
  • Emphasis emerging issues (i.e. maternal morbidity, EOC, etc) in analysis
  • Ensure through analysis of changes in various patterns
  • Elaborate MDG5 into a wider Reproductive and Sexual Health dimension
mdg lebanon report recommendations cont d1
MDG Lebanon Report: Recommendations(Cont’d)
  • Elaborate all MDGs within a poverty reduction context
  • Increase common ground with the aim to eradicate poverty by establishing new and wider partnership opportunities for jointly addressing development challenges and for measuring results
  • Review targets of Lebanon MDGR in terms of significance and meaninfulness
mdg lebanon report recommendations cont d2
MDG Lebanon Report: Recommendations(Cont’d)
  • Develop cross sectoral strategies and interventions towards poverty reduction and narrowing regional gap
  • Develop and use common indicators framework with needed and meaningful indicatorscommon indicators framework with needed and meaningful indicators
  • Develop comprehensive monitoring system for MDG Goals and targets
mdg lebanon report recommendations cont d3
MDG Lebanon Report: Recommendations(Cont’d)
  • Costing of MDGs required to identify required resources
  • Reflect socio-cultural aspects and social determinants of health in analysis
  • Develop an MDG Advocacy strategy and campaign across all sectors and levels
  • Involve poor people and marginalized groups in MDG process and strategies development
mdgs in lebanon2
MDGs in Lebanon
  • ICPD and MDG
mdgs in lebanon3
MDGs in Lebanon
  • MDGs do not override other goals and targets reached at global conferences of 1990s, e.g. ICPD RH goal: Universal access to quality RH services by 2015
  • ICPD RH goal not included in MDGs but essential for meeting MDGs, especially child, maternal, HIV/AIDS and gender goals – directly related to health, social and economic outcomes
  • ICPD RH goal should be included and reported in on country-level reports
mdgs in lebanon4
MDGs in Lebanon
  • MDG versus MD?
millennium declaration
Millennium Declaration
  • Values and principles
  • Peace, security and disarmament
  • Development and poverty
  • Protecting our common environment
  • Human rights and democracy
  • Protecting the vulnerable
  • Meeting the special needs for Africa
  • Strengthening the United Nations
millennium declaration recommendations
Millennium Declaration: Recommendations
  • MDGs must be presented and discussed in the context of the full Millennium Declaration
  • Promotion and adoption of a Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming in all development programmes and projects
millennium declaration recommendations1
Millennium Declaration: Recommendations
  • Indicators for human rights principles must be developed and a nationals monitoring and reporting systems must be established for both the outcome and process in the implementation of the Millennium declaration.
  • Realization of MDG leads to the achievement of the Millennium Declaration