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ENLIGHTENMENT. OGT Prep Material. Understanding The Enlightenment . A time of Social, Artistic and Scientific Discovery— Think Human Freedom and Liberty , Replace oppressive Government with a Government that respect people’s rights (Democracy). Understanding The Enlightenment .

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Enlightenment

ENLIGHTENMENT

OGT Prep Material


Understanding the enlightenment
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • A time of Social, Artistic and Scientific Discovery— Think Human Freedom and Liberty, Replace oppressive Government with a Government that respect people’s rights (Democracy)


Understanding the enlightenment1
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Socially Man challenges oppressive forms of Government, searches for human rights, freedoms and liberty


Understanding the enlightenment2
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Europe was mainly dominated by either:

  • Absolute Monarchiesor Limited Monarchies

  • Absolute Monarchies Royal Family with sole control over the government. People have no rights.


Understanding the enlightenment3
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Limited MonarchiesRoyal Family is King or Queen but is limited by a Constitution and Legislature or Parliament. So they are limited in power and sometime just a figurehead in the Government with no real power.


Understanding the enlightenment4
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Major Enlightenment Concepts that clue you into questions:

  • Locke – Government exists to protect people’s Natural Rights

  • Hobbes – People must have some Government so must give up some rights


Understanding the enlightenment5
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Major Enlightenment Concepts that clue you into questions Continued:

  • Voltaire – Freedom of Thought, Speech and Religion

  • Montesquieu – Separation of Powers or Branches of Government

  • Rousseau – Give up Freedoms for good of Whole Community


Understanding the enlightenment6
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • These ideas are found in American Revolution, French Revolution and Latin American Revolutions

  • All these Revolutions sought to give People Rights and protectionsor Freedom and Liberty from an all-powerful Government.


Understanding the enlightenment7
Understanding The Enlightenment

Natural law was a fundamental idea of the enlightenment.

Which concept is an application of the natural law to the government’s role in the economic lives of its citizens?

1 Free markets based on supply and demand

2 Government control to achieve a favorable balance of trade

3 Agriculture based on tenet farming and serfdom

4 Lower taxes on the most privileged groups in society

  • 05 #25 1 pt.


Understanding the enlightenment8
Understanding The Enlightenment

During the Enlightenment, a number of writers explored the relationship between governments and the people they govern. For example, Rousseau wrote The Social Contract, in which he examined ideas about majority will and the common good.

How did these ideas influence the American and French Revolutions?

1 They encouraged loyalty to established governments

2 They supported movements for social and political change

3 They encouraged the formation of the American and French constitutional monarchies.

4 They supported the efforts of the governments to maintain control over their subjects.

05 #43 1 pt.


Understanding the enlightenment9
Understanding The Enlightenment

  • Rules to follow for Enlightenment Questions

  • If you see the either term Natural Law or Enlightenment look for the answer that provides the most of the following:

    Most Free Government (A Democracy)

    What answers gives people the most Freedom or Liberty

    Remember Enlightenment deals with giving people Freedom and Liberty, the possible answers will reflect that idea.