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Research @ Towers Library Gr 9: Science F air. Finding and citing resources. Objectives. To know how and where to look for valid reliable information To be able to cite references properly. Science Fair project. You need t o: Ask a question Do background r esearch

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Research @ towers library gr 9 science f air

Research @ Towers LibraryGr 9: Science Fair

Finding and citing resources


Objectives
Objectives

  • To know how and where to look for valid reliable information

  • To be able to cite references properly


Science fair project
Science Fair project

  • You need to:

    • Ask a question

    • Do background research

    • Construct a hypothesis

    • Test your hypothesis by doing an experiment

    • Analyze your data and draw your conclusion

    • Communicate your results

    • Evaluate the success of your project


Why do background research
Why do background research?

To:

  • find out more about your topic

  • help find ideas about which variables to test

  • predict what might happen in the investigation when making a hypothesis

  • enable you to interpret the theory and explain the results to others – especially a science fair judge!


First of all choose a topic
First of all: Choose a topic

  • Think about …

    • What really interests you?

    • Browse widely for inspiration: newspapers, science magazines, science on tv, YouTube

    • Find something different or unique


Then develop a research plan
Then … develop a research plan

  • Determine the keywords for your research question, e.g.,

    Does whole-wheat bread go mouldy faster than white bread?

  • Ask who, what, why, when, where and how questions about your main key word (variable).

  • Create a research plan (See Science Buddies website http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_background_research_plan.shtml).


Next step find background info
Next step: find background info …

  • Books and periodicals

  • Reliable websites

  • Databases via Towers Library or via your local library

  • Other people: your science teacher, your parents or family, a professor or expert

  • Your librarian


Tips on how to look
Tips on how to look…

  • Use keyword searching, e.g., mould

  • Phrase searching, e.g., “Science Fair”

  • Truncation, e.g., Scien*

  • Boolean logic: AND, NOT, OR

    • Bread AND mould

    • Mould OR mold

  • Use synonyms, e.g.,

    • mould, mildew, fungus

    • Use the tilde symbol before keyword, e.g., ~ mould


Where to look towers library online databases
Where to look …Towers Library online databases

  • I’ll show you first …

  • On the Towers Library web page, there are several science databases:

    • Access Science

    • Scientific American

    • Also try searching within Knowledge Ontario: e.g., Gale Power Search


Databases really help you save time
Databases really help you save time!

  • You can find information in the database and links from the database to other articles, images and trustworthy websites.

  • Get organized:

    • Make a research folder in the database to save what looks interesting and useful. OR

    • Make notes – start a OneNote folder for your project.

    • Use the citation help and save citations.

  • No luck? Try using different search terms – make sure you note the ones you’ve used.


Your turn now
Your turn now …

  • First, a suggestion: make a notes page and divide it into the sections of your project.

  • Then, go to Towers Library online.

  • Start with Britannica or World Book and try a basic search for your topic.

  • Can you find images? web-sites? What else?

  • Do you see how you can collect and organize your research?

  • Don’t forget all those tips: save, cite, links, etc.

  • No luck?

    • Try different search terms.

    • Try different databases.

    • Try Advanced Search.


Next the web let s talk about the surface web vs the deep web
Next … the Web. Let’s talk about the surface web vs the deep web

  • Deep Web: Regulated information embedded within databases, e.g., ProQuest – password protected and paid subscription. They will save you time and give you high quality information.

  • Surface Web: Free unregulated information easily accessible by all search engines


Let s look @ the shallow unregulated web
Let’s look @ the shallow unregulated web

Can you trust the web resource?

  • Don’t forget – anyone can publish on the web.

  • What should you look for?

    • Authority

    • Objectivity

    • Accuracy


Authority
Authority

  • Ask questions:

    • What is the purpose of the webpage?

    • Who is the author?

    • Is the person or organization an expert? Look closely at the URL: gcgovedu

      • Is it an official web site or a personal web page?


Objectivity
Objectivity

  • Is the site intended for a particular audience?

  • Does the site contain advertising or does it have sponsorship?

  • Again … what's the purpose of the site?

  • If there is an issue, are both sides presented?


Accuracy
Accuracy

  • Currency - is the work up-to-date?

  • Are there errors or typos?

  • Do hyperlinks work?

  • Is the site easy to navigate?


Why not wikipedia
Why not Wikipedia?

  • Michael Scott on Wikipedia

  • You are doing scholarly work and need to be sure you’re using high quality resources

  • Wikipedia …

    • can be factual but it’s not necessarily reliable

    • can be out of date

    • can be wrong: no peer review

    • Wikipedia has a disclaimer that notes:

      WIKIPEDIA MAKES NO GUARANTEE OF VALIDITY


Science search engines
Science search engines

  • Instead of Google, try science-focused search engines.  Remember … these still require good website evaluation skills:

  • Infomine

  • Intute

  • Scirus

  • SciNet


Your turn
Your turn

  • Keeping in mind all you’ve learned about searching the web, with your partner, find a credible web-based resource for your project.

  • Share your website with the rest of the group. Why do you think it’s a good source?


Other useful web resources
Other useful web resources

  • Discovery Education Science Fair guide http://school.discoveryeducation.com/sciencefaircentral/

  • Ontario Science Centre http://www.ontariosciencecentre.ca/resources/sciencefairlinks.asp

  • Science Buddies http://www.sciencebuddies.org/index_A.htm

  • Mad Sci Network http://www.madsci.org/

  • Scitablehttp://www.nature.com/scitable


Web directories
Web directories

  • Directories can be useful:

    • ipl2 The Internet Public Library (a great resource)

    • Yahoo! Directory


How do i cite sources
How do I cite sources?

  • Make sure you write down all your sources as you find them!

  • The databases in Towers Library can give you the citations for the sources you've used.

  • Don’t forget you also need to cite images.

  • Use an online guide, e.g., APA

  • A simple and useful way of building your references is www.bibme.org or http://www.easybib.com/


Reference page citing a web page
Reference page: Citing a web page

  • Discovery Education. (2011).Science Fair Central: Getting Started. USA. Retrieved November 20, 2011, from http://school.discoveryeducation.com/sciencefaircentral/Getting-Started.html.


Reference page citing an image
Reference page: Citing an image

Science Photo Library. (2011). Bread Mold. Photograph courtesy Dr. Jeremy Burgess. Retrieved November 20, 2011, from http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14359/view


Reference page citing from an online database
Reference page: citing from an online database

Li, X. (2010). Umami taste receptor. InAccessScience. Retrieved from http://www.accessscience.com/content.aspx?id=YB100222


Bibliography
Bibliography

Discovery Education. (2011).Science Fair Central: Getting Started. USA. Retrieved November 20, 2011, from http://school.discoveryeducation.com/sciencefaircentral/Getting-Started.html.

Li, X. (2010). Umami taste receptor. InAccessScience. Retrieved from http://www.accessscience.com/content.aspx?id=YB100222

Science Photo Library. (2011). Bread Mold. Photograph courtesy Dr. Jeremy Burgess. Retrieved November 20, 2011, from http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/14359/view


And don t forget
And don’t forget …

  • You can join the Aurora Public Library if you live in Aurora – including if you live at the School.

  • Or join your local public library.


Finally
Finally …

  • If you need help … come and see us in the library.

  • Good luck with your project!