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Age and gender differences in affect regulation strategies - representative sample of Croatia. Ljiljana Kaliterna Lipovčan A , Zvjezdana Prizmic Larsen B & Renata Franc A A Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, Croatia B Washington University, St. Louis, USA.

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age and gender differences in affect regulation strategies representative sample of croatia

Age and gender differences in affect regulation strategies - representative sample of Croatia

Ljiljana Kaliterna LipovčanA, Zvjezdana Prizmic LarsenB

& Renata FrancA

A Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, Croatia

B Washington University, St. Louis, USA

slide2

AIMSTo explore the affect regulation strategies used in regulating the negative feelings in everyday life on the large, representative sample of Croatia citizens► general use and distribution of using different regulation strategies in everyday life► gender and age differences in the average use of regulation strategies

slide3

Population: 4.494.000

Land (km2): 89.810

Islands: 1.185

slide5

the first fountain pen!

the first parachute by

Faust Vrančicć (1551-1617)

slide6

The first torpedo was manufactured in Rijeka and lounched at

December 20, 1886

Torpedo factory, Rijeka 1905.

slide7

Cravate (1635)

Italian - Cravatta,

Spanish - Corbata,

Portugese - Gravata,

Irish - Carabhat,

English - Cravat,

Swedish - Kravatt,

Finnish - Kravatti,

Flemish - Krawaat

Polish - Krawat,

Ukrainian - Kravatka

Dalmatian dog

slide8

Croatia – Brasil 0:1

Croatia - Japan 0:0

Croatia - Australia 2:2

slide9
SUBJECTS

Demographic characteristics of the representative sample of Croatian citizens (N=900)

Age:

Mean Median 42

Range 18-92 years

Age groups: frequency (%)

Young (18-29) 224 (24.9)

Middle (30-44) 271 (30.1)

Aged (45-59) 232 (25.8)

Old age (60 +) 164 (18.2)

Gender:

Women 486 (54%)

Men 414 (46%)

slide10

MEASURES & PROCEDURE► Measure of Affect Regulation Styles, MARS (Larsen & Prizmic 2004)38 specific behaviours that people use to regulate negative feelings rated on the scale 1 = never; 7 = always 7 factors (mood regulation strategies)► In-person interviews in respondent’s home, anonymous, respond rate 77%

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Mood regulation strategies

Active distractiongoing out with friends, doing somefun, laughinCognitive engagementthinking about positive things, things that are going well in life, putting things in perspectiveBehavioral engagementmaking plans how to avoid such problems infuture, taking action to solve the problem

slide12

Mood regulation strategies

Venting and expressing affect

letting feelings out, expressing them, talkingto someone about their feelingsPassive distraction and acceptance

praying, accepting it as fate, drinking, eating

Rumination and withdraw

trying to understand own feelings, thinkingaboutown feelings, writing about own feelingsWaiting

doing nothing, letting things wait, daydreaming

slide13
RESULTS1. Average ratings of affect regulation strategiesa) Average ratings of strategies in whole sample

AD = active dis.

CE = cognitive eng.

BE = behavioral eng.

V = venting/expres.

PD= passive dis./accept.

RW = ruminat./withdraw

WR = waiting

F = 233.1, p<.001

AD,CE,BE > others strat.

gender differences
Gender differences

AD = active dis.

CE = cognitive eng.

BE = behavioral eng.

V = venting/expres.

PD= passive dis./accept.

RW = ruminat./withdraw

WR = waiting

F=131.8, p<.001

AD,CE,BE > others strat.

F=116.4, p<.001

AD,CE,BE,V > others strat.

slide15

 Main effect for gender F=9.85, p<.001Women > MenVenting and expressing affect Rumination and withdraw Passive distraction and acceptance

average ratings of strategies by age groups
Average ratings of strategies by age groups

Young 18-29 (p<.001)

Middle 30-44 (p<.001)

Aged 45-59 (p<.001)

Old 60+ (p<.001)

AD = active dis. CE = cognitive eng. BE = behavioral eng.

V =vent./expres. PD= passive dis./accept. RW = ruminat./withdr. WR=waiting

slide18

Young vs. others:

Venting and expressing affect

Active distraction

Young & Old vs. others

Old vs. others

Waiting

Cognitive engagement

Behavioral engagement

conclusions
CONCLUSIONS

► There are gender and age differences in using

regulation strategies to regulate negative feelings

in everyday life

► Predictions were confirmed:

- women used more rumination strategies than men - young and old people differed the most in Active distraction,

Cognitive and Behavioral engagement, Venting and expressing

affect but not in Waiting

slide23
comparisons with other cultures

is there the best mood regulation strategy to be used?