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Brain Development and Early Languagea and Literacy Development
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Brainy Brainy Babies Babies Terrific Toddlers
The first five years lasts a lifetime.
It takes a It takes a whole village whole village to raise a child.
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percent 90 of brain development happens after birth, first 5 during the years of life.
What will he be like when he grows up? Will he get along with other kids and be happy? Will he do well in school?
EXPERIENCES sculpt the brain
engages the five senses EXPERIENCES
Windows of opportunity
Stages of Language Learning
Stage One: Discoverer (0-8m) I cry, I smile, I make sounds and I look – Figure out what I mean by hook or by crook
Stage Two: Communicator (8-13m) With sounds, looks and gestures I “talk” to you. Now help me learn a word or two.
Stage Three: First Word User (12-18m) From my mouth the words now pour, it’s your job to give me more.
Stage Four: Combiner (18-24m) I put words together and begin to chat- Converse with me, it’s as simple as that.
Stage Five: Early Sentence User (2-3y) My words and sentences have now grown – I can tell little stories on my own.
Stage Six: Late Sentence User (3-5y) I’ve learned to talk and take my turn. My job now is to talk to learn.
Early Language Development
0-3 months – crying • 3-6 months – cooing • 6-9 months – babbling • 9-12 months – echolalic babbling • 12 months – first word
12-18 months • – holophrasic speech • 18 months • – language explosion • (50 words) • 18-30 months • – telegraphic speech
Literacy begins at birth
What is Early Literacy?
Important areas of Literacy Development
Concept about Concept about Print Print
Phonological Phonological Awareness Awareness
M O P L I N H K Q G E F D J B A C Letter-Sound Letter-Sound Letter-Sound Knowledge Knowledge Knowledge
ORAL LANGUAGE first
Listening or Reading Comprehension
Understanding of Understanding of Genre Genre
Motivation to engage with text
Ingredients Brain Development to boost
2. Talk to your baby a LOT
The variety and number of words matter
Hold on to your Home language
Children are wired to learn language.
More creative Better at language Better problem solving Less stressed Better at memory More socially skilled
FACE Time NOT Screen Time
“Children under two should NOT watch any television/videos and those Between 2-6 should watch no more than an hour or two per day.”