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WORKSHOP ON DEVELOPING NATIONAL CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION IN SERBIA – ROLE OF PRIVATE SECURITY COMPANIES . CoESS and developing critical infrastructure security systems, services and standards Presentation by Alex Carmichael President of the

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WORKSHOP ON DEVELOPING NATIONAL CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION IN SERBIA – ROLE OF PRIVATE SECURITY COMPANIES

CoESS and developing critical infrastructure security systems, services and standards

Presentation by Alex Carmichael

President of the

CoESS Critical Infrastructure Committee

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

contents of presentation

Contents of Presentation

Critical Infrastructure Overview

CoESS view on Critical Infrastructure

Trusted Partner

Standards

CoESS Check List

Public Private Partnerships

Conclusion

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure overview

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREOverview

Secure and Protected Critical Infrastructure sites are vital to the security and stability of each European state and to Europe as a whole.

Each individual European country determines its sites of critical infrastruture. These may include energy plants, transport hubs/network, water supplies , telecommunications (IT) hubs, etc.

Information about Critical Infrastructure is confidential and should stay confidential.

Council Directive 2008/114/EC – on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructure (ECI) and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure overview1

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREOverview

Most Critical Infrastructure (CI) is privately owned or privately run.

State provides security guidance to CI owner, but owner buys (in the main) the security package.

Security package – risk analysis based on the threats, vulnerabilities and potential impacts - leads to identification, selection and prioritisation of counter measures.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure overview2

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREOverview

Graduate Security Measures – based on risk and threat.

Three pillars

Prevention (detection)

Preparedness

Response/recovery & (resiliance)

CI protection (prevention)

Asset protection – Ditchs, walls,fences, bollards, lighting etc

Technical – CCTV, intruder, access control, cyber security, etc

Private Security Services – Guards, dogs, mobile patrols

Public Security Services – Military, police, etc.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure overview3

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREOverview

Preparedness

Contingency planning

Training

Exercises

Testing

Response/Recovery

Actions on

Containment

Damage assessment

Recovery phase

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure coess view

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURECoESS view

Private Security Services have a main role in protecting critical infrastructure – (Protection, Preparedness and Response)

Based on Public-Private Partnership

Based on high levels of quality and service

Private Security Service Provider - Trusted Partner with Public Authority and CI site owner

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure trusted partner

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURETrusted Partner

Comisario Esteban Gandara Tureba– Head of Private Security Unit – Spanish National Police - 4th European Security Summit – Madrid in March 2013

do ut des = Respect between public and private

Trust

Culture of cooperation (360o)

Legal restriction

Industry – (Trust)

Individuals – security cleared/screened – trained and competent.

Company – security cleared – transparent corporate governance – works to high standards and can fulfil the customer and public authority requirements.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

critical infrastructure standards

CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTUREStandards

No European Generic Guarding Standards for Critical Infrastructure

Sector Specific Guarding Standards

EN 16502:2007 - Security Service Providers – Terminology

EN 16082:2011 - Airport and Aviation Security Services

PD ISO/PAS 28007:2012 – Ships and Maritime – Guideline for security companies providing armed security personnel on board ships

Draft CEN (TC/417) – EN for Maritime and Port Security Services

ISO 9001 – Quality Management Systems

Industry can produce a framework for quality and services of private security – flexible to cover Europe, but high quality level for CI.

CoESS Check List - CI Operators and National Authorities.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

trusted partner private guarding company coess ci check list

Trusted PartnerPrivate Guarding Company CoESS CI Check list

Basic Tender Requirements

Industry Lead – CoESS Check List (overview)

Personnel security vetting

Standards for operation

Corporate governance

Financial stability

Insurance requirements applicable to task

Meet national employee requlations and have comprehensive staff policy and training policy

Ability to carry out site risk and threat assessment

Have sufficient resources to carry out contract

Robust communications

Escalation plans and inbuilt resiliance

Check list, not a standard

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

public private security ci partnerships

Public - Private Security CI Partnerships

Private Security Industry

Minimum requirements – (CoESS check list?)

Quality of service

Critical Intrastructure Operator

Set requirements

Quality security service costs money

Public Authorities

Inform industry of the minimum requirements

Partnership built on trust and cooperation

European Commission

Include the Private Security Industry in discussions

Industry can advise on sector capability

Set EU criteria for CI

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

public private security partnerships do they work

Public - Private Security PartnershipsDo they work?

London – Project Griffin (2004) – set up to aid the security of the London’s financial district (partnership between police, private security industry and security professionals)

(www.projectgriffin.org.uk)

4 activities

Awareness days for private security officers.

Online refresher days to maintain skills.

Regular communications between police and private security officers – conference calls, SMS messages or email to ensure current intelligence and incident reports are disseminated in a timely manner.

Emergency deployment – private security officers who have undergone Griffin training may be used by police to support them in responding to incidents, e.g help in establishing cordons.

(Recognised as Natioanl best practice and is being looked at by Canada, Austrialia and the United States.)

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

public private security partnerships do they work1

Public - Private Security PartnershipsDo they work?

Germany - Security Partnership Programmes – police ask private security companies operating mobile patrols in certain locations (CI) to pass on information on suspect persons or vehicles or unlawful activities to company operations who then pass on to local police .

Germany Dusseldorf – 500 reports of suspect activities reported.

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

coess view on critical infrastructure

CoESS View on Critical Infrastructure

Public – Private Partnerships in CI work - many examples of good practice across Europe.

Private Security Services needs to establish agreed level of quality and service for CI acceptable to all National Authorities, but at a European standard level.

Only Private Security Services of the highest quality should be able to offer guarding services for critical infrastructure.

do ut des = Respect between public and private

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

slide15

Q&A

Q&A

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC

thank you

Thank you!

Thank You!

TAIEX – CoESS – NCPSC – Workshop on Developing NCIP in Serbia – Role of PSC