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Bruner’s theory of Cognitive Development. Outline, evaluate, apply to Education. Outline of Bruner’s theory. Built on work of Vygotsky & Piaget Thinking based on categorisation – organising knowledge into hierarchies 3 modes of thinking

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bruner s theory of cognitive development

Bruner’s theory of Cognitive Development

Outline, evaluate, apply to Education

outline of bruner s theory
Outline of Bruner’s theory
  • Built on work of Vygotsky & Piaget
  • Thinking based on categorisation – organising knowledge into hierarchies
  • 3 modes of thinking

Enactive–action based skills (dominant early childhood)

Iconic – image based skills (dominant middle childhood)

Symbolic – word/language based (adolescence)

Research: Bruner & Kenny – transposition task

These are recurrent themes throughout life

    • Scaffolding
evaluation
Evaluation
  • Cultural relevance – people in different cultures make sense of experiences based on the way in which they live: Gredler (1992) – PNG – counting
  • Doesn’t look at infant development – important stage of learning!!
  • Support for scaffolding as Vygotsky – Wood et al
  • As with Piaget & Vygotsky – impact upon education

e.g scaffolding & ZPD

applications to education
Applications to Education
  • Use of Piaget’s approach of discovery learning
  • Can teach children difficult concepts at early stage but need to practice & revisit (spiral curriculum)
  • Difficult to measure & test for effectiveness
  • Scaffolding – as Vygotsky
  • Other criticisms as Vygotsky – e.g motivation