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Promoting Empowerment: Community-Based Organizations and Emergent Groups. Session 34. Session Objectives. Explain disasters as a mechanism for social change Define “community-based organization” and distinguish it from “non-governmental organization”

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Presentation Transcript
session objectives
Session Objectives
  • Explain disasters as a mechanism for social change
  • Define “community-based organization” and distinguish it from “non-governmental organization”
  • Identify the role of community-based organizations in reducing vulnerability to disaster
  • Define “emergent groups,” and explain how and when they emerge in disaster
disasters as a mechanism for social change
Disasters as a Mechanism for Social Change
  • Disasters may bring to light structural changes that were already in motion prior to the catastrophe
  • Actors may struggle to re-establish equilibrium in society if they perceive its attainment in a reasonable amount of time; otherwise, people will passively accept the disaster’s consequences
  • Whenever hope is perceived, and people are permitted access to mechanisms of social and political power, efforts to bring about social change will be made
non governmental organization
Non-Governmental Organization

An independent, flexible, democratic, secular, non-profit people’s organization working for and/or assisting in the empowerment of economically and socially, marginalized people

Source: Cousins, William. 1991. “Non-Governmental Initiatives.” cited in bbnet’s “An NGO is …”. Available online at http://www.bbnet.org.yu/bcnet/yug_e/whatisngo.htm

community based organization
Community-Based Organization

Arise out of people’s own initiatives ... There are a lot of variety of these, some supported by NGOs, and others independent of outside help.

Source: Cousins, William. 1991. “Non-Governmental Initiatives.” cited in bbnet’s “An NGO is …”. Available online at http://www.bbnet.org.yu/bcnet/yug_e/whatisngo.htm

coalitions of cbos
Coalitions of CBOs

INFO LINE

http://www.infoline-la.org

Grassroots International

http://www.grassrootsonline.org

ENLA

http://www.enla.org

VOAD

http://www.nvoad.org

PrepareNow

http://www.,preparenow.org

CARD

http://www.preparenow.org/ccg.html

10 steps in holistic recovery
10 Steps in Holistic Recovery
  • Get organized
  • Involve the public
  • Coordinate with other agencies
  • Assess the equity problem
  • Evaluate the problem
  • Set goals and objectives
  • Explore alternate strategies
  • Plan for action
  • Get agreements
  • Implement the plan
10 rules of community organizing
10 Rules of Community Organizing
  • Nobody’s going to come unless they’ve got a reason to come
  • Nobody’s going to come unless they know about it
  • If an organization doesn’t grow, it will die
  • Anyone can be a leader
  • The most important victory is the group itself
  • Sometimes winning is losing
  • Sometimes losing is winning
  • If you’re not fighting for what you want, you don’t want enough
  • Celebrate
  • Have fun!
typology of organizational response to disaster simplified
Typology of Organizational Response to Disaster(Simplified)

Structure

Regular New

Responsibilities

Regular

New

Established

Organizations

Expanding

Organizations

Extending

Organizations

Emergent

Organizations